Nutritional Significance of Milk Minerals

Year : 2024 | Volume :13 | Issue : 01 | Page : 7-19
By

Shaikh AI

Chaudhary PD

  1. Associate Professor Dairy Chemistry Department, SMC College of Dairy Science, Kamdhenu University,Gujrat Co-Operative Milk Marketing Federation Limited (GCMMF LTD) Anand Gujarat India
  2. Executive (QA) Gujrat Co-Operative Milk Marketing Federation Limited (GCMMF LTD) Gujrat Co-Operative Milk Marketing Federation Limited (GCMMF LTD) Anand Gujarat India

Abstract

Mineral constituents occurs in milk and dairy products in form of organic ions and salts; however several minerals are also found associated with major milk constituents like fat, protein, carbohydrate and nucleic acid. Milk contributes significantly to the human dietary requirements of several minerals including calcium, magnesium, potassium, zinc, and phosphorus. Milk also contains some other minerals like chloride, selenium, etc in relatively less but significant amount. Numerous factors, including species, breed, feeding, lactation stage, climate, handling after milking, shipping, and processing, have an impact on the mineral content of milk. Importantly, the bioavailability of many minerals is considerably high in comparison to other food sources, mainly owing to absence of anti-nutritional factors like oxalates and phytates. Minerals are considered essential nutrients, as they are not synthesized by human body; thus need to be obtained by diet. Milk minerals play crucial role in human health and overall development. They serve a variety of purposes in the body, and their deficiency in human body can cause both obvious and subtle symptoms. Adequate supply of calcium is necessary for proper development, strength, and density of bones in children. It is also required for prevention of bone loss and osteoporotic fractures in elderly people. Milk is also one of the most important source of zinc, another vital mineral. Several research reports have highlighted the importance of adequate supply of zinc in growth and development, neurological function, immunological processes, reproductive health, etc. Milk is also a good carrier of selenium, which has recently been elucidated to have many roles in human health and disease prevention. Consumption of milk and milk products shall be encouraged in order to maintain and enhance overall health of the humans.

Keywords: Mineral constituents, Calcium, Osteoporosis, Gastrointestinal disease, Phosphorous.

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Dairy Science & Technology(rrjodst)]

How to cite this article: Shaikh AI, Chaudhary PD. Nutritional Significance of Milk Minerals. Research & Reviews : Journal of Dairy Science & Technology. 2024; 13(01):7-19.
How to cite this URL: Shaikh AI, Chaudhary PD. Nutritional Significance of Milk Minerals. Research & Reviews : Journal of Dairy Science & Technology. 2024; 13(01):7-19. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/rrjodst/article=2024/view=145733




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Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 13
Issue 01
Received April 16, 2024
Accepted April 25, 2024
Published May 10, 2024