Open Access Publication

Open Access Publication

Last updated: 2022-04-30

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What is Open Access?

Open access refers to the practice of making research articles and other scholarly materials freely available online, without cost or access barriers. Open access is based on the principle that scientific research should be accessible to everyone, regardless of their ability to pay for access.

Open Access Models

Numerous models of open access have been developed, with unique approaches to enabling unrestricted access to research publications. Among the most commonly employed open access models are:

Green Open Access
  • Overview:
  • Green Open Access, also known as self-archiving, offers a model for open access publishing.
  • Authors deposit a version of their manuscript in an online repository post acceptance by a subscription-based journal.
  • The deposited manuscript is typically the author's final draft, not the published version, which remains behind a paywall.
  • Variability in Self-Archiving Policies:
  • Publishers and journals have differing self-archiving policies.
  • Some permit immediate self-archiving upon acceptance, while others enforce an embargo period.
  • The embargo period, often 12 to 24 months, can extend longer in certain cases.
  • Benefits of Green Open Access:
  • Enables authors to share research with a broader audience, regardless of institutional or financial constraints.
  • Presents an alternative to costly subscription-based publishing models, which may be financially burdensome for individuals and institutions.
Gold Open Access
  • Overview:
  • Authors pay a fee to make their articles freely accessible upon publication.
  • Articles are published in open access journals without paywalls or access restrictions.
  • Fee typically covered by author's institution or research funder.
  • Covers publication, peer review, and editorial services costs.
  • Benefits of Green Open Access:
  • Increased accessibility: Research freely available to anyone with internet access.
  • Enhanced visibility and impact: Increased citation rates and Broader dissemination of research findings.
  • Facilitates collaboration and knowledge sharing: Enables researchers from various institutions and disciplines to access and build upon each other's work.

Why Open Access?


Articles tend to have a much bigger impact in the short term compared to “subscription-only” work. The long-term impact is similar, with some studies showing a slightly larger impact for open-access articles.

Widest Introduction to Global Community

Strive to promote your research to a wide audience. The scientific community and the common people can have unlimited access to all published contents in journals, which are fully free as soon as it is published on the webpage. These journals' broad readership allows authors to convey the importance of their work to the wider science community in addition to specialists in their field.

Share your research with the world

Under an Open Access, CC-BY license, you own the copyright to your work. So you’re free to share it anywhere, anytime, with anyone. There is never a fee for readers to access, download, or share your article more widely.

Faster dissemination

You get faster dissemination of your research results. You fulfill eventual open access mandates from research funders. Publishing fees/APCs are in many cases prepaid.

Unlimited Access

Most journals and repositories do not impose access costs on the reader. Thus price barriers are substantially lowered or removed entirely. Authors are thus granted the ability to address a wider audience without the corresponding expenditure. The reach of the articles or materials increases tremendously since readers can retrieve them regardless of their economic status or geographical location.


The research results can be made immediately available to not just others within that community but also those beyond, including other scientists and laypeople.

Faster Processing Time

Modern times demand that processing times are minimized so that authors can publish their work quickly. STM introduced an open access system enabling authors to get their work published rapidly as per their desire. For journals with paid access, the processing times will match international standards ensuring the timely publication of quality manuscripts.

High Standard Review Process

All Open Access journals provide a high standard of peer review, selecting original research which is high quality and relevant for its discipline. Each journal is editorially independent with its Editor-in-Chief and Editorial Board who lead journal strategy and take publication decisions on all submissions.

Open Search Options

An article can typically be more easily located if it is in the open-access domain. In particular, searching within the article or recommending and sharing it with others, is facilitated to a great extent.

Inform the future

Open Access allows everyone to benefit from your advancements, not just a select group of other researchers. Students, funders, policymakers, and readers from around the world all have a stake in science. By increasing visibility and access to research, we can amplify its power to inform, educate, and enlighten. 

Publishing Costs

Since open-access publications are usually less expensive to produce and disseminate, both journals and publishers can benefit. In some cases, authors may be required to pay enhanced publication charges. Many traditional publishers have made part of their material open access which has enhanced their visibility and attracted subscriptions.

Article processing Charges

Authors are asked to pay an article processing charge (APC) for their article to be published in open access under a Creative Commons license because costs are involved at every stage of the publication process, from administering peer review to copy-editing and hosting the final article on dedicated servers.
Authors are asked to pay an article processing charge (APC) for their article to be published in open access under a Creative Commons license because costs are involved at every stage of the publication process, from administering peer review to copy-editing and hosting the final article on dedicated servers.


If there is no existing agreement covering the open access publication fee, we will generate an invoice for you to settle the payment.
It's important to note that the open access publication fee is separate from any other costs associated with journal publication. Additional charges such as those for color figures in print or oversized articles will be invoiced separately.
Payment for the open access publication fee will be charged in US dollars. If applicable, sales tax will be added to the total amount. Please be aware that the price does not include VAT, which will be added at the standard rate if applicable.

Open Access Policy and Information

All research articles published in STM are fully open access: immediately freely available to read, download and share. Articles are published under the terms of a Creative Commons license which permits use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original work is properly cited.

An Open Access Publication meets the following two conditions:

  • The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship, as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use.
  • A complete version of the work and all supplemental materials, including a copy of the permission as stated above, in a suitable standard electronic format is deposited immediately upon initial publication in at least one online repository that is supported by an academic institution, scholarly society, government agency, or other well-established organization that seeks to enable open access, unrestricted distribution, interoperability, and long-term archiving (for the biomedical sciences, PubMed Central is such a repository).
Open Access Licensing

Open access licenses are a set of terms and conditions that allow for the dissemination and use of research articles without the need for permission from the copyright holder. The use of open access licenses enables authors to retain more control over their work while also promoting wider dissemination and use of their research.

  • Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY): This license allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the author's work, even commercially, as long as they credit the author for the original creation. This license is recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.
  • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial (CC BY-NC): This license allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the author's work, but not for commercial purposes. They must also credit the author for the original creation.
  • Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives (CC BY-NC-ND): This license allows others to download and share the author's work, but they cannot change them in any way or use them commercially. They must also credit the author for the original creation.
  • Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike (CC BY-SA): This license allows others to distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon the author's work, even commercially, as long as they credit the author for the original creation and license any new creations under the same terms.
  • Public Domain Dedication (CC0): This license allows authors to waive all copyrights and related rights to their work to the fullest extent allowed by law.
  • Benefits of Open Access Licenses: Applying an open access license to your work provides several benefits. It ensures that your work can be easily accessed and shared, which can lead to greater exposure and impact. It also allows for others to build upon and reuse your work, which can lead to new collaborations and discoveries. Additionally, applying an open access license can increase the visibility and credibility of your work.
  • Responsibility of Authors: Authors have a responsibility to ensure that they have the necessary rights and permissions to apply an open access license to their work. This includes obtaining permission from co-authors and any funding agencies that may have supported the research. Authors should also be aware of any restrictions or requirements that may apply to the use of third-party materials included in their work.
  • Attribution and Citation: Open access licenses require proper attribution and citation of the original work. Authors should provide clear and accurate information about the source of the work, including any licenses or terms of use. They should also encourage others to properly cite and attribute their work when using or building upon it.
  • Reuse and Adaptation: Open access licenses allow for the reuse and adaptation of works in ways that traditional copyright restrictions do not. This can include translation, adaptation, and incorporation into other works. Authors should be aware of the potential for their work to be reused or adapted, and should consider how this may impact their own research or future publications.

Links to learn more about open access licenses:

Copyright Information

Authors retain the copyright of all open-access articles published by STM.


No special permission is required to reuse all or part of an article published here.

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For more information about Open Access, visit the following website or read blogs and videos for detailed knowledge.

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