Pharmacological Review On Enzalutamide

Year : 2024 | Volume : | : | Page : –
By

Sreelatha Gangu

Mahaboobi

Sruthi Katta

Megavath Subhash

Narender Boggula

Rama Rao Tadikonda

  1. Associate Professor Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, CMR College of Pharmacy Telangana India
  2. Research Scholar Department of Pharmacy, CMR College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana India
  3. Research Scholar Department of Pharmacy, CMR College of Pharmacy, Hyderabad, Telangana India
  4. Research Scholar Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, CMR College of Pharmacy Telangana India
  5. Associate Professor Department of Pharmaceutical Analysis, CMR College of Pharmacy Telangana India
  6. Principal CMR College of Pharmacy Telangana India

Abstract

A key therapeutic option in the treatment of prostate cancer, especially metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), is Enzalutamide, a second-generation anti androgen drug. Enzalutamide, discovered by Charles Sawyer and Michael Jung at the University of California, Los Angeles, was developed and FDA-approved in 2012. Its therapeutic significance was further solidified with subsequent extensions in indications to encompass metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer and non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Enzalutamide’s crystalline structure and restricted water solubility are two of its physical and chemical characteristics that highlight its formulation and pharmacological implications. Enzalutamide pharmacologically inhibits the binding of dihydro testosterone to the androgen receptor in a competitive manner, hence hindering the progression of cancer. It is mostly metabolized in the liver, where it produces active metabolites that are mainly excreted in faces. Its effectiveness in improving overall survival, especially in high-risk patients, has been demonstrated in clinical trials. Although Enzalutamide has many therapeutic advantages, it also has several noticeable side effects, such as gynecomastia, exhaustion, and seizures. In addition, there are very few cases of CNS adverse effects, such as posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES). As a result, close observation is necessary, particularly in those who already have seizure disorders. All things considered, Enzalutamide is a mainstay of the treatment of prostate cancer, providing patients with better results and a higher quality of life at different stages of the disease.

Keywords: Enzalutamide, Prostate cancer, Androgens, Gynecomastia, Metabolites

How to cite this article: Sreelatha Gangu, Mahaboobi, Sruthi Katta, Megavath Subhash, Narender Boggula, Rama Rao Tadikonda. Pharmacological Review On Enzalutamide. Trends in Drug Delivery. 2024; ():-.
How to cite this URL: Sreelatha Gangu, Mahaboobi, Sruthi Katta, Megavath Subhash, Narender Boggula, Rama Rao Tadikonda. Pharmacological Review On Enzalutamide. Trends in Drug Delivery. 2024; ():-. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/tdd/article=2024/view=149591





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Ahead of Print Subscription Review Article
Volume
Received April 8, 2024
Accepted May 16, 2024
Published June 10, 2024