Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles from Murayya koenigii: Antibacterial Potential Review

Year : 2024 | Volume :14 | Issue : 01 | Page : 54-68
By

Yashfeen Ansari

  1. Ph.D Scholar Department of Biotechnology, IIMT University, Meerut Uttar Pradesh India

Abstract

Nanoparticles (NPs) display unique characteristics in contrast to conventional physico-chemical synthesis methods, and they are utilized in various life science fields including surface coating, catalysis, food packaging, corrosion prevention, environmental cleanup, electronics, biomedical applications, and antimicrobial purposes. Metal NPs synthesized through green methods, particularly from plant origins, have garnered significant interest because of their inherent traits such as environmental friendliness, quick production, and cost efficiency. Over the past few years, there has been a remarkable surge in the interest surrounding zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZNPs) owing to their distinct properties. These nanostructures are widely regarded as the most desirable group, exhibiting exceptional characteristics in terms of both structure and properties. Addressing the rise of antibiotic resistance in bacteria is a top priority in global health care. Metal nanoparticles and their oxides present an encouraging approach to tackle microbial resistance to antibiotics. This review introduces a sustainable method for synthesizing ZnO nanoparticles with plant extracts, delving into their antibacterial properties and the mechanisms by which they exert antibacterial action. ZnO is characterised as an inorganic material with a wide range of applications that is practical, strategic, promising, and versatile. To produce selective nanostructured ZnO for the antibacterial tests, many researchers have been driven. They were successful in creating morphologies that complemented the antibacterial activity very well. ZnO-NPs were created using a non-hydrolytic solution process and zinc acetate dehydrate .This method has been applied to various unicellular and multicellular organisms, including bacteria, fungi, actinomycetes, yeasts, viruses, and plants. Numerous life forms possess this capability, which can be exploited to their disadvantage. This method favours the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles in a quick, inexpensive, clean, non-toxic, and environmentally friendly manner. The main drawback of this strategy is that it involves challenging processes like sampling, isolation, culturing, and storage. Aside from that, downstream processing is necessary for the recovery of MtNPs produced using this method

Keywords: Murayya koenigii, Nanoparticles, ZnO Nanoparticles, Green Synthesis, Antibacterial action

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : A Journal of Biotechnology(rrjobt)]

How to cite this article: Yashfeen Ansari. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles from Murayya koenigii: Antibacterial Potential Review. Research & Reviews : A Journal of Biotechnology. 2024; 14(01):54-68.
How to cite this URL: Yashfeen Ansari. Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles from Murayya koenigii: Antibacterial Potential Review. Research & Reviews : A Journal of Biotechnology. 2024; 14(01):54-68. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/rrjobt/article=2024/view=143865





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Regular Issue Subscription Review Article
Volume 14
Issue 01
Received March 14, 2024
Accepted April 19, 2024
Published April 22, 2024