Investigations on Anthocyanin and Its Regulatory Role

Year : | Volume : 14 | : | Page : –
By

    Sachin Kumar

  1. Student, Pandit Sant Ram Gov. College Baijnath, Himachal Pradesh, India

Abstract

Anthocyanin is the most widely studied and abundant group of natural pigments. It has been gaining increased attention for its potential health benefits. This vibrant, water- soluble pigment is found in fruits, vegetables and flowers, and is responsible for the colors of many of the foods we eat. Anthocyanins are not only responsible for the aesthetic appeal of these foods, but they are also believed to have powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-carcinogenic properties. Harvesting anthocyanin from plants constitutes a pivotal phase in the industrial manufacturing of food and beverage items. The extraction process can be a challenging task, as the stability and solubility of anthocyanins vary according to the pH and temperature of the environment. Thus, it is important to optimize the extraction process to maximize the yield of anthocyanins. In this report, we will explore the various extraction methods and how they can be optimized to maximize the yield of anthocyanins.
Besides their potential health advantages, anthocyanins serve as crucial components in plant defense mechanisms, providing protection against environmental stressors like UV radiation and pathogens. The diverse range of hues exhibited by anthocyanins, including red, purple, and blue, contributes not only to the visual appeal of plant tissues but also serves as a means of attracting pollinators and dispersers. Furthermore, anthocyanins are not limited to the food and beverage sector; their intrinsic colorant characteristics have sparked rising enthusiasm for incorporating them into the textile, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries as an eco-friendly substitute for synthetic dyes. The imperative to explore effective extraction methods for anthocyanins becomes evident as demand grows across these varied sectors.

Keywords: Anthocyanins, extraction, Antioxidant properties, Solubility and stability, Commercial production.

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Received January 15, 2024
Accepted January 26, 2024
Published