Techniques for Disposing of Household Waste: Centralized and Decentralized Sites in Salem (Household Waste Disposal Strategy: Centralized vs. Decentralized Areas of Salem)

[{“box”:0,”content”:”[if 992 equals=”Open Access”]n

n

n

n

Open Access

nn

n

n[/if 992]n

n

Year : May 24, 2024 at 10:56 am | [if 1553 equals=””] Volume : [else] Volume :[/if 1553] | [if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”]Issue[/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”]Special Issue[/if 424] [if 424 equals=”Conference”][/if 424] : | Page : –

n

n

n

n

n

n

By

n

[foreach 286]n

n

n

R.Santhosh kumar, Dr. P.S. Aravind Raj, R.Santhosh Kumar

n

    n t

  • n

n

n[/foreach]

n

n[if 2099 not_equal=”Yes”]n

    [foreach 286] [if 1175 not_equal=””]n t

  1. Research Scholar, Associate Professor, Head of the Department Department of Civil Engineering, Aarupadai Veedu Institute of Technology Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation, Department of Civil Engineering, Aarupadai Veedu Institute of Technology Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation, Department of Civil Engineering, Vinayaka Mission’s Kirupananda Variyar Engineering College, Vinayaka Mission’s Research Foundation Delhi, Delhi, Delhi India, India, India
  2. n[/if 1175][/foreach]

n[/if 2099][if 2099 equals=”Yes”][/if 2099]n

n

Abstract

nThe impact of biomacromolecule-based household waste and its disposal strategies in the central and decentralized areas of Salem is complicated by environmental, economic and community factors. The main objective of the study was to evaluate the existing municipal solid waste disposal strategy in the study area. A comprehensive analysis was carried out in each selected city to determine the amount of municipal waste disposed of, its physical composition and its MSW. The data collection was carried out using a structured questionnaire. A sample survey of 300 houses and businesses, of which 298 are sample homes, was used to conduct the survey. The survey covers all the types of waste generated, the amount of waste generated by households each day, the disposal options, and the existence of compost pits. Information on population characteristics, area and area, population growth, density, literacy, number of households and household size, and other related topics is collected from the survey, Salem Municipality, village, school, city directory and city directory. To obtain more information about waste production and disposal processes, a questionnaire survey was conducted in 15 different areas of Salem, each representing a different area. Through a field survey, the objective views of the various sections and stakeholders were taken into account. The composting method (ECO-CENTRIC & ECONO-CENTRIC) has had a strong positive impact and is considered to be an environmentally friendly technology.

n

n

n

Keywords: Manual survey, Structured Questionnaire, Waste Disposal Strategy, Comparison of centralized vs. decentralized areas, Impact of Biomacromolecules based household waste

n[if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”][This article belongs to Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)]

n

[/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”][This article belongs to Special Issue under section in Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)][/if 424][if 424 equals=”Conference”]This article belongs to Conference [/if 424]

n

n

n

How to cite this article: R.Santhosh kumar, Dr. P.S. Aravind Raj, R.Santhosh Kumar. Techniques for Disposing of Household Waste: Centralized and Decentralized Sites in Salem (Household Waste Disposal Strategy: Centralized vs. Decentralized Areas of Salem). Journal of Polymer and Composites. May 24, 2024; ():-.

n

How to cite this URL: R.Santhosh kumar, Dr. P.S. Aravind Raj, R.Santhosh Kumar. Techniques for Disposing of Household Waste: Centralized and Decentralized Sites in Salem (Household Waste Disposal Strategy: Centralized vs. Decentralized Areas of Salem). Journal of Polymer and Composites. May 24, 2024; ():-. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=May 24, 2024/view=0

nn


nn[if 992 equals=”Open Access”] Full Text PDF Download[/if 992] n[if 992 not_equal=”Open Access”]

[/if 992]n[if 992 not_equal=”Open Access”]


[/if 992]nn[if 379 not_equal=””]n

Browse Figures

n

n

[foreach 379]n

n[/foreach]n

nn

n

n[/if 379]n

n

References

n[if 1104 equals=””]n

  1. Bhide, A. D. and Sundaresan, B. B., 1983. Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries. New Delhi, India: Indian National Scientific Documentation Center.
  2. Bhoyar RV, Titus SK, Bhide AD, Khanna P., 1996. Municipal and industrial Solid Waste Management in India, J Indian Assoc Environ Management 23, 53–64.
  3. Boyle C.A (2000) Solid Waste Management in New Zealand. WasteManagement 20, Issue 7, 517526.
  4. Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB), 1998. Collection, Transportation and Disposal of Municipal Solid Waste in Delhi (India)acase study, Central Pollution Control Board, Delhi.
  5. Wei Zhaoa,b,⁎, Ester van der Voetb, Yufeng Zhanga, Gjalt Huppesb, “Life cycle assessment of municipal solid waste management with regard to greenhouse gas emissions: Case study of Tianjin, China”.
  6. 21st edition 2005 American public health association Washington D.C., (2005) APHA, “Standard methods for examination of water and waste water”
  7. Baccini, P. (Ed) springer verlag berlin pp.399 (1989) Arneth, J.D., Midle, G., Kerndoff, H. and schleger, R., “Waste in deposits influence on ground water quality as a tool for waste type and site selection for fnal storage quality”
  8. 5(2), 299-304, (2010) Murugavelh .S and Vinoth kumar “Removal of heavy metal from waste water using different biosorbents. Current world environment”.
  9. 12: 270-282, (2003) Nolan, K., “Copper toxicity syndrome. Journal of orthomolecular psychiatry”
  10. uttar Pradesh, india, current science, 96(7), 979-985 Raju .N Janardana , Dey Sangita and Das Kasushik, “Fluoride contamination in ground water of sonbhadra district”
  11. (2009) Sahni Anirudh. and Gautam Abhishek satus of pre-monsoon “Ground water quality near municipal solid waste dumping site of jaipure with respect to chlorides, nitrates”
  12. WHO, GENEVA, (1996). WHO. “Guidelines for drinking warer quality second edition. Vol 2 health criteria and other supporting information”
  13. earthquake publishing, (1992) Zenglu xia, “Soil environmental capacity of china”
  14. 45, 198-207 (2000)Bruins M R, Kapil s and O EHME FW ,”ecotox environ safe”
  15. Journal of environmental psychology March 2011 “Personality, individual differences, and demographic antecedents of self-reported household waste management behaviors”
  16. Amit Bijon Dutta Senior Manager, Mecgale Pneumatics Private Limited, N65, Hingna MIDC, Nagpur 440 016“Review of solid waste management in india”
  17. Waste Management 23 (2003) 425–432 “Solid waste management practices and review of recovery and recycling operations in Turkey”
  18. Waste Management 28 (2008) 459–467, “Municipal solid waste management in Indian cities – A review”
  19. Environmental and resource economics · February 1999, “Household Waste Management in a Swedish Municipality: Determinants of Waste Disposal, Recycling and Composting”
  20. Seo, M. Asce, T. Aramaki, Y. Hwang, K. Hanaki, Environmental Impact of Solid Waste Treatment Methods in Korea, Journal Engineering of 130(2004) Environmental 1, 81-89.
  21. Kaza, L. Yao, P. Bhada-Tata, F. Van Woerden, What a Waste 2.0: A Global Snapshot of Solid Waste Management to 2050, 1st Edition, The World Bank, USA, 2018.
  22. M. Damghani, G. Savarypour, E. Zand, R. Deihimfard, Municipal solid waste management in Tehran: Current practices, opportunities and challenges, Waste Management 28(2008) 5, 929 934.
  23. Idris, B. Inane, M.N. Hassan, Overview of waste disposal and landfills/dumps in Asian countries, Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management 6(2004), 104-110.
  24. Mor, R. Khaiwal, A. De Visscher, P. Dahiya, A. Chandra, Municipal solid waste characterization and its assessment for potential methane generation: A case study, The Science of the Total Environment 371(2006) 1-3, 1-10.
  25. R. McDougall, P.R. White, M. Franke, P. Hindle, Integrated Solid Waste Management: A Life Cycle Inventory, 2nd Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, UK, 2001.
  26. Sasikumar, S.G. Krishna, Solid Waste Management, 1st Edition, PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., India, 2009.
  27. Furedy, Garbage: Exploring non-conventional options in Asian cities, Environment and Urbanization 4(1992) 2, 42-61.
  28. Righi, L. Oliviero, M. Pedrini, A. Buscaroli, C.D. Casa, Life Cycle Assessment of management systems for sewage sludge and food waste: Centralized and Decentralized approaches, Journal of Cleaner Production 44(2013), 8-17.
  29. Subair, Citizen participation in risk governance public deliberations on municipal solid waste management in Kerala, Central University of Gujarat, School of Social Sciences, Gandhinagar, 2018.
  30. Joly, Solid waste management, gender and class – The case of Decentralized composting waste governance in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, University of Lausanne, Faculty of Geosciences and Environment, Chavannes-près-Renens, 2018.

nn[/if 1104][if 1104 not_equal=””]n

    [foreach 1102]n t

  1. [if 1106 equals=””], [/if 1106][if 1106 not_equal=””],[/if 1106]
  2. n[/foreach]

n[/if 1104]

nn


nn[if 1114 equals=”Yes”]n

n[/if 1114]

n

n

[if 424 not_equal=””][else]Ahead of Print[/if 424] Open Access Original Research

n

n

n

n

n

Journal of Polymer and Composites

n

[if 344 not_equal=””]ISSN: 2321–2810[/if 344]

n

n

n

n

n

[if 2146 equals=”Yes”][/if 2146][if 2146 not_equal=”Yes”][/if 2146]n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n[if 1748 not_equal=””]

[else]

[/if 1748]n

n

n

Volume
[if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”]Issue[/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”]Special Issue[/if 424] [if 424 equals=”Conference”][/if 424]
Received February 1, 2024
Accepted March 28, 2024
Published May 24, 2024

n

n

n

n

n

n function myFunction2() {n var x = document.getElementById(“browsefigure”);n if (x.style.display === “block”) {n x.style.display = “none”;n }n else { x.style.display = “Block”; }n }n document.querySelector(“.prevBtn”).addEventListener(“click”, () => {n changeSlides(-1);n });n document.querySelector(“.nextBtn”).addEventListener(“click”, () => {n changeSlides(1);n });n var slideIndex = 1;n showSlides(slideIndex);n function changeSlides(n) {n showSlides((slideIndex += n));n }n function currentSlide(n) {n showSlides((slideIndex = n));n }n function showSlides(n) {n var i;n var slides = document.getElementsByClassName(“Slide”);n var dots = document.getElementsByClassName(“Navdot”);n if (n > slides.length) { slideIndex = 1; }n if (n (item.style.display = “none”));n Array.from(dots).forEach(n item => (item.className = item.className.replace(” selected”, “”))n );n slides[slideIndex – 1].style.display = “block”;n dots[slideIndex – 1].className += ” selected”;n }n”}]