Acoustic or Sonic Log Analysis Identifying the Subsurface Geophysical Changes in Hydrocarbon Bearing Zones in Oil and Gas Potential Sedimentary Basins

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 01 | Page : 22-35
By

    R. Giri Prasad

  1. Associate Professor, Aditya Engineering College, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

The introduction of acoustic/sonic logs to oil and gas industry is barely decades old. But, even within such a short span of time it has become an integral part of most of the modern logging programmes. With the recent introduction of acoustic scope pictures, this may even hold a promise of making the old dream of seeing the hydrocarbon in situ come true. In this paper, an attempt has been made to bring out the principles of instrumentation and interpretation and the applications of velocity logs. We have also been attempted to include the most recent developments in this sector. However, because of space limitations they could not be discussed in detail in all aspects. The terms sonic log and acoustic log should be read as synonyms for the velocity logs.

Keywords: Sonic log, hydrocarbons, cycle skipping, resistivity and wave frequency

[This article belongs to Special Issue under section in Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)]

How to cite this article: R. Giri Prasad Acoustic or Sonic Log Analysis Identifying the Subsurface Geophysical Changes in Hydrocarbon Bearing Zones in Oil and Gas Potential Sedimentary Basins jopc 2023; 11:22-35
How to cite this URL: R. Giri Prasad Acoustic or Sonic Log Analysis Identifying the Subsurface Geophysical Changes in Hydrocarbon Bearing Zones in Oil and Gas Potential Sedimentary Basins jopc 2023 {cited 2023 Jun 23};11:22-35. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2023/view=112654

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Raju K, Piplapure A. Petroleum technology and oils, Bull Oil Natural Gas Commission. 1964; 1: 44.
2. Summers GC, Broding RA. Continuous velocity logging. Geophysics. 1952; 17 (3): 598–614.
3. Alger RP. Modern Logging Programs and Interpretation Methods. Information Evaluation Symposium. 1960, November 21. OnePetro.
4. Stripling AA. Velocity log characteristics. Trans AIME. 1958; 213 (01): 207–212.
5. Wyllie MR, Gregory AR, Gardner LW. Elastic wave velocities in heterogeneous and porous media. Geophysics. 1956; 21 (1): 41–70.
6. Archer JS, Wall CG. Petroleum Engineering: Principles and Practice. New York: Springer Science & Business Media; 2012.
7. Johnson HM. A history of well logging. Geophysics. 1962; 27 (4): 507–527.
8. Kokesh FP, Blizard RB. Geometrical factors in sonic logging. Geophysics. 1959; 24 (1): 64–76.
9. Prensky S. A review of gas hydrates and formation evaluation of hydrate-bearing reservoirs. In: SPWLA 36th Annual Logging Symposium, 1995 June 26. OnePetro.
10. Tixier MP, Alger RP, Doh CA. Sonic logging. Trans AIME. 1959;216 (01): 106–114.
11. Vogel CB. A seismic velocity logging method. Geophysics. 1952; 17 (3): 586–597.
12. Mencher E. Book review of Petroleum Engineering: The Fundamentals of Well Log Interpretation. MRJ Wyllie. Academic Press, New York, ed. 3, 1963. xvi+ 238 pp. Illus. $7. Science. 1964; 143 (3606): 560.
13. Bigelow EL. A practical approach to the interpretation of cement bond logs. J Petrol Technol. 1985; 37 (07): 1285–1294.
14. Fons L. The geoacoustic spectrum. Oil Gas J. 1959; 57 (42): 228–236.
15. Watts H, Booth AD, Clark RA, Reinardy BT. The sensitivity of seismic refraction velocity models to survey geometry errors, assessed using Monte Carlo analysis. J Appl Geophys. 2023; 208: 104888.
16. Fons L. Acoustic scope pictures. In: Fall Meeting of the Society of Petroleum Engineers of AIME, 1963, October 6. OnePetro.

17. Thurber CH, Latson BE. Acoustic log checks casting cement jobs. The Petrol Eng. Reprint distributed by PGAC. December 1960.
18. Serra O, Serra L. Well Logging. Data Acquisitions and Applications. Paris, France: Editions Technip; 2004.
19. Wyllie MR, Gregory AR, Gardner LW. Elastic wave velocities in heterogeneous and porous media. Geophysics. 1956; 21 (1): 41–70.


Special Issue Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 01
Received December 21, 2022
Accepted March 19, 2023
Published June 23, 2023