A Comparative Study on Associated Factors of Hypertension Among Working Women and Non-working Women

Year : 2023 | Volume : 01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 09-14

    Pravati Tripathy

  1. B. Gomathi

  2. Aliva Giri

  3. Puspanjali Behera

  4. Sagarika

  1. Professor Cum Dean, SUM Nursing College, Odisha, India
  2. Associate Professor and Head, SUM Nursing College, Odisha, India
  3. Student, SUM Nursing College, Odisha, India
  4. Student, SUM Nursing College, Odisha, India
  5. Student, SUM Nursing College, Odisha, India


Background: One in four people worldwide is affected by high blood pressure, which is also the third leading cause of illness and a significant risk factor for death. Compared to non-working women, employed women had a higher prevalence of hypertension. This might be attributed to various factors such as job-related stress, lack of relaxation, and lack of physical activity. Method: Quantitative approach was adopted. To investigate the related determinants of hypertension in working women and non-working women, a non-experimental comparative approach was used. In the antenatal OPD of the Institute of Medical Sciences and SUM Hospital in Bhubaneswar, Odisha, the study was carried out the tools used for the study were (1) demographic questionnaire, (2) checklist to assess the associated factors, (3) to measure blood pressure levels using a questionnaire. The data collection approach employed was the interview method. Informed written consent was taken from each participant before the data collection. SPSS 20 was used to enter and evaluate the data. Results: Compared to working women, non-working women have more severe levels of hypertension. In non-working, sleep disturbances (72%), drinking coffee/tea more than 2 times in a day (70%), family-related stress (62%), family history of hypertension (54%), and associated diseases (48%) were the leading factors. The factors were almost similar in both groups except for the factor “Job Stress”. Conclusion: Present study shows that the magnitude of hypertension among non-working women is more as compared to the counterpart. Healthcare providers should reinforce the women the importance of regular drug intake, balanced nutrition, physical activity, and lifestyle modification.

Keywords: Comparative study, associated factors, hypertension, working women, non-working women

[This article belongs to International Journal of Women’s Health Nursing And Practices(ijwhnp)]

How to cite this article: Pravati Tripathy, B. Gomathi, Aliva Giri, Puspanjali Behera, Sagarika A Comparative Study on Associated Factors of Hypertension Among Working Women and Non-working Women ijwhnp 2023; 01:09-14
How to cite this URL: Pravati Tripathy, B. Gomathi, Aliva Giri, Puspanjali Behera, Sagarika A Comparative Study on Associated Factors of Hypertension Among Working Women and Non-working Women ijwhnp 2023 {cited 2023 Jul 18};01:09-14. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijwhnp/article=2023/view=112736


  1. Singh S, Shankar R, Singh GP. Prevalence and associated risk factors of hypertension: A cross-sectional study in Urban Varanasi. Int J Hypertens. 2017;2017:5491838.
    DOI: 10.1155/2017/5491838.
  2. World Health Organization. Global Health Risks: Mortality and Burden of Disease Attributable to Selected Major Risks. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009.
  3. Zinat Motlagh SF, Chaman R, Ghafari SR, Parisay Z, Golabi MR, Eslami AA et al. Knowledge, treatment, control, and risk factors for hypertension among adults in Southern Iran. Int J Hypertens. 2015;2015:897070. DOI: 10.1155/2015/897070.
  4. Acheampong K, Nyamari JM, Ganu D, Appiah S, Pan X, Kaminga A et al. Predictors of hypertension among adult female population in Kpone-Katamanso District, Ghana. Int J Hypertens. 2019;2019:1876060. DOI: 10.1155/2019/1876060.
  5. Ghosh S, Mukhopadhyay S, Barik A. Sex differences in the risk profile of hypertension: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2016;6(7):e010085. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015–010085.
  6. World Health Organization. Causes of Death 2008: Data Sources and Methods. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2008.
  7. Abramson BL, Srivaratharajah K, Davis LL, Parapid B. (July 2018). Women and hypertension: beyond the 2017 guideline for prevention, detection, evaluation, and management of high blood pressure in adults. [online] American College of Cardiology. Available from: https://www.acc.org/latest-in-cardiology/articles/2018/07/27/09/02/women-and-hypertension.
  8. Shaft S, Rao MH, Ur-Rehman A. Hypertension in working and nonworking women attending OPD of a tertiary care private sector hospital in Karachi. Med Forum Mon. 2013;24:51–4.
  9. Gudmundsdottir H, Høieggen A, Stenehjem A, Waldum B, Os I. Hypertension in women: latest findings and clinical implications. Ther Adv Chronic Dis. 2012 May;3(3):137–46.
    DOI: 10.1177/2040622312438935.
  10. World Health Organization. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2010.
  11. Amirkhizi F, Siassi F, Minaie S, Jalali M, Dorosty MA, Chamari M. Assessment of blood pressure status and its relationship with anthropometric indices among women in rural areas of Kerman Province, Iran. Yafteh. 2009;10(2):31–8.

Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received January 31, 2023
Accepted June 30, 2023
Published July 18, 2023