Incidence of Salmonella spp., Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp. and Two Micronutrients (Zinc and Iron) Present in Poultry Feeds Collected from Sokoto, Nigeria

Year : 2023 | Volume : 01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 31-38
By

    Nura Maiakwai Salah

  1. Asiya Gidado Yabo

  2. AI Umar

  3. Yusuf Sarkingobir

  4. Atiku Yari Dogon Daji

  5. Rilwanu Umar

  1. Lecturer, College of Agriculture and Animal Science Wurno, Sokoto state, Nigeria
  2. Lecturer, Umaru Ali Shinkafi Polytechnic Sokoto, Sokoto state, Nigeria
  3. Lecturer, Sokoto State University, Sokoto State, Nigeria
  4. Lecturer, Shehu Shagari University of Education Sokoto, Sokoto, Nigeria
  5. Lecturer, College of Agriculture and Animal science Wurno, Sokoto State, Nigeria
  6. Lecturer, College of Agriculture and Animal science Wurno, Sokoto State, Nigeria

Abstract

Mostly, poultry quality is determined by its feed. Thus, in this time of ravaging pollution and infectious diseases monitoring of quality of products related to poultry is eminent. This study aimed at determining the incidence of some microbes and micronutrients (zinc and Fe) in poultry feed in Sokoto, Nigeria. Standard methods and materials of analytical grade were used. Zinc and iron micronutrients were determined in feed and egg using the method of atomic absorption spectroscopy. Likewise, standard methods were used to determine Salmonella spp., Klebsiella spp. and Proteus spp. in feed. The most frequent bacteria were Salmonella spp., then Klebsiella, and lastly the Proeus spp. The concentrations of zinc, and iron micronutrients present in different poultry feeds and whole egg are as follows: the zinc values in different feeds ranges from 10.12 ± 3.5 to 20.60 ± 6.6 ppm; and likewise, the iron ranges from 14.6 ± 0.12 to 40.10 ± 2.5 ppm (P<0.05). The CDI for zinc and iron are lower than 1, the HQ for zinc is very elevated, and that of Fe is lower than 1. However, the HI for the micronutrients is of concern, because it is above 1. The found organisms may contaminate poultry products and adversely affect the public health. However, the micronutrients determined in different feeds were lower than standard, but the presence of these metals in the examined poultry egg could pose hazard to the public like the microbes.

Keywords: Poultry, gg, micronutrient, zinc, iron, hazard, microbes

[This article belongs to International Journal of Pollution: Prevention & Control(ijppc)]

How to cite this article: Nura Maiakwai Salah, Asiya Gidado Yabo, AI Umar, Yusuf Sarkingobir, Atiku Yari Dogon Daji, Rilwanu Umar Incidence of Salmonella spp., Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp. and Two Micronutrients (Zinc and Iron) Present in Poultry Feeds Collected from Sokoto, Nigeria ijppc 2023; 01:31-38
How to cite this URL: Nura Maiakwai Salah, Asiya Gidado Yabo, AI Umar, Yusuf Sarkingobir, Atiku Yari Dogon Daji, Rilwanu Umar Incidence of Salmonella spp., Klebsiella spp., Proteus spp. and Two Micronutrients (Zinc and Iron) Present in Poultry Feeds Collected from Sokoto, Nigeria ijppc 2023 {cited 2023 Jul 04};01:31-38. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijppc/article=2023/view=112131

References


Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received June 24, 2023
Accepted June 30, 2023
Published July 4, 2023