Thoracolumbar Spine Surgery: Peri-operative Nursing Care Needs and Quality of Life

Year : 2023 | Volume : 01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 13-23
By

    Geeta Thapar

  1. Manju Dhandapani

  2. Sivashanmugam Dhandapani

  3. Navneet Singla

  1. Nursing Tutor, College of Nursing Government Medical College and Hospital, Chandigarh, India
  2. Associate Professor, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
  3. Associate Professor, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India
  4. Additional Professor, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER), Chandigarh, India

Abstract

Aim and Objective: To explore the nursing care needs of the patients after thoracolumbar spine surgery during preoperative, post-operative, home care and to assess the quality of life. Design: An exploratory study. Methods: The study was conducted among 50 patients who had undergone thoracolumbar spine surgery in neurosurgery units of tertiary care hospital from July 2018 to September 2020. The nursing needs were assessed by interviewing participants telephonically using an interview schedule to assess physical, psychological, functional, and other problems and WHOQOL-BREF to assess the quality of life. The data was coded and analyzed using SPSS version 20. Results: The physical problems were pain, numbness, and weakness of limbs. The psychological problems were worry, sleeplessness, dysthymia, and anger. The functional problems were difficulty in toileting and transferring. Patients also reported lack of understanding of the surgical procedure and its outcomes and difficulty in understanding specific instructions. Pain was reduced from 98% to 90% after surgery but was consistently there during the peri-operative period. There was a reduction in numbness after surgery (98% to 68%). The quality of life in psychological and physical domain is more affected as compared to environmental and social domain. More than half of the patients reported quality of life as “neither poor nor good” and 14% reported dissatisfaction with their health. Conclusion: Patients who had undergone thoracolumbar spine surgery experienced various problems during their peri-operative period. Besides physical problems, patients also reported psychological problems and knowledge deficit regarding home care. Physical and psychological domains of quality of life was more affected as compared to environmental and social domains. Impact: There is a need to develop nursing guidelines and nurse-led counselling is necessary to address the many physical and psychological concerns that patients confront throughout their peri-operative time.

Keywords: Thoracolumbar spine surgery, WHOQOL-BREF, peri-operative period, nursing care needs, nurse-led counselling

[This article belongs to International Journal of Orthopedic Nursing and Practices(ijornp)]

How to cite this article: Geeta Thapar, Manju Dhandapani, Sivashanmugam Dhandapani, Navneet Singla Thoracolumbar Spine Surgery: Peri-operative Nursing Care Needs and Quality of Life ijornp 2023; 01:13-23
How to cite this URL: Geeta Thapar, Manju Dhandapani, Sivashanmugam Dhandapani, Navneet Singla Thoracolumbar Spine Surgery: Peri-operative Nursing Care Needs and Quality of Life ijornp 2023 {cited 2023 Jul 05};01:13-23. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijornp/article=2023/view=115062

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Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received May 23, 2023
Accepted July 1, 2023
Published July 5, 2023