A Study to Assess the Awareness of the Breast Cancer Screening Among Teacher Training Students in Selected Teacher Training Institutions at Mysuru with the View to Conduct Educational Program

Year : 2023 | Volume : 01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 17-31
By

    Sunitha P.S.

  1. Rashmi P.

  1. Assistant Professor, JSS College of Nursing, Karnataka, India
  2. Assistant Professor, JSS College of Nursing, Karnataka, India

Abstract

Background: Cancer is one of the major causes of death both in developed and developing countries. Breast cancer is defined by the uncontrollable proliferation of cells within the breast, encompassing different forms of cancer that impact the breast tissue. The majority of breast cancer cases manifest as painless lumps, while a smaller percentage may exhibit additional symptoms. Breast cancer is amenable to almost complete care if detected in its early stages. Breast self-examination, clinical breast exam and mammography are the preventive techniques to reduce Breast Cancer mortality and morbidity. Breast Self-Examination is a useful and non-expensive self-care activity which can be crowed out monthly by women; this will help to detect malignancy in its early stage which can save lives. Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge regarding breast cancer screening among teacher training students in selected teacher training institutions of Mysuru. Methods: This study employed a descriptive survey design to investigate the research questions. The study took place in teachers training colleges situated in Mysuru. The content validity of the questionnaire was evaluated by five experts, and the reliability of the structured knowledge questionnaire was established through the split-half method. The study sample of 60 participants was selected using a non-random convenience sampling technique. The data was gathered through the administration of a structured knowledge questionnaire specifically designed to assess participants’ understanding of breast cancer screening. The data was analysed with help descriptive and inferential statistics. Result: The result of study reveals that 44 (73.44%) Teacher training students are in the age group of 15–20 years, 16 (26.66%) are in the age group 20–25 years, 07 (11.66%) teacher training students are from Muslim religion, majority (53 (88.44%)) teacher training students are from Hindu religion, 14 (23.44%) teacher training students did not know about breast cancer screening, majority (46 (76.66%)) knew about the breast cancer screening, 05 (8.44%) had family history of breast cancer, majority (55 (91.66%)) did not have family history of breast cancer, 20 (33.44%) did not have previous exposure to any educational programme regarding breast cancer, majority (40 (66.76%)) had previous exposure to educational programme regarding breast cancer screening; 5% of them had poor knowledge, 46.66% had average knowledge and 48.33% of them had good knowledge. A noteworthy correlation was observed between the knowledge scores of teacher training students in relation to breast cancer screening and their demographic characteristics. Conclusion: The present study concluded that majority teacher training students are having average knowledge regarding breast cancer screening and suggesting to conduct the educational programme to enhance the knowledge of teacher training students who are playing an important role in the field of education.

Keywords: Breast cancer screening, teacher training students, education, proliferation of cells

[This article belongs to International Journal of Oncological Nursing and Practices(ijonnp)]

How to cite this article: Sunitha P.S., Rashmi P. A Study to Assess the Awareness of the Breast Cancer Screening Among Teacher Training Students in Selected Teacher Training Institutions at Mysuru with the View to Conduct Educational Program ijonnp 2023; 01:17-31
How to cite this URL: Sunitha P.S., Rashmi P. A Study to Assess the Awareness of the Breast Cancer Screening Among Teacher Training Students in Selected Teacher Training Institutions at Mysuru with the View to Conduct Educational Program ijonnp 2023 {cited 2023 Jul 14};01:17-31. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijonnp/article=2023/view=115025

References

  1. National Cancer Institute. Cancer. [Online]. Available online at: https://www.cancer.gov/about-cancer/understanding/what-is-cancer
  2. Breast cancer in Young Women. [Online]. Available online at: https://www.cdc.gov/cancer/breast/young_women/
  3. BM, ShankarAwareness and screening behaviors of breast cancer among urban women in Mysuru, India- need for breast health education program. Int J Community Med Public Health. 2017; 4(8): 2967–2972.
  4. AlhasShaista, Mankar Madhavi, et al. A Study to Assess Knowledge, Attitude of Breast Cancer & Practice of Breast Self Examination in Females of Self Help Groups (SHGs) in Tribal Area of Raigad District. IntJ Curr Med Appl Sci. 2016; 11(2): 86–
  5. Parambil NA, Philip S, Tripathy JP, Philip PM, Duraisamy K, Balasubramanian S. Community engaged breast cancer screening program in Kannur District, Kerala, India: A ray of hope for early diagnosis and treatment. Indian J Cancer. 2019 Jul–Sep;56(3):222– doi: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_397_18. PMID: 31389385.
  6. Madhukumar S, Thambiran UR, Basavaraju B, Bedadala MR. A study on awareness about breast carcinoma and practice of breast self-examination among basic sciences’ college students, Bengaluru. J Family Med Prim Care. 2017 Jul–Sep;6(3):487– doi: 10.4103/2249-4863.222026. PMID: 29416994; PMCID: PMC5787941.
  7. Mubeen Hussain, Gulrukh Hashmi, RajashekharKnowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Breast Cancer among Rural Women aged Between 20-40 years in Hebbal. Journal of Evolution of Medical and Dental Sciences(JEMDS). 2014 Feb 24; 3(08): 1949–1957. DOI: 10.14260/jemds/2014/2086.
  8. Heena H, Durrani S, Riaz M,et al. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to breast cancer screening among female health care professionals: a cross sectional study. BMC Women’s Health. 2019; 19(1): 122. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-019-0819-x
  9. Dahiya N, Basu S, Singh MC, Garg S, Kumar R, Kohli C. Knowledge and Practices Related to Screening for Breast Cancer among Women in Delhi, India. Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2018 Jan 27;19(1):155– doi: 10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.1.155. PMID: 29373907; PMCID: PMC5844610.
  10. National Breast Cancer Foundation. Breast Cancer Facts & Stats. [Online]. https://www.nationalbreastorg/breast-cancer-facts
  11. Mehrotra R, Yadav K. Breast cancer in India: Present scenario and the challenges ahead. World J Clin Oncol. 2022 Mar 24;13(3):209– doi: 10.5306/wjco.v13.i3.209. PMID: 35433294; PMCID: PMC8966510.
  12. Heena H, Durrani S, Riaz M, AlFayyad I, Tabasim R, Parvez G, Abu-Shaheen A. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to breast cancer screening among female health care professionals: a cross sectional study. BMC Womens Health. 2019 Oct 22;19(1): doi: 10.1186/s12905-019-0819-x. PMID: 31640681; PMCID: PMC6806575.
  13. Sarker R, Islam MS, Moonajilin MS, et al. Effectiveness of educational intervention on breast cancer knowledge and breast self-examination among female university students in Bangladesh: a pre-post quasi-experimental study. BMC Cancer. 2022; 22(1): 199. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12885-022-09311-y
  14. Kamath R, Mahajan KS, Ashok L, Sanal TS. A study on risk factors of breast cancer among patients attending the tertiary care hospital, in udupi district. Indian J Community Med. 2013 Apr;38(2):95– doi: 10.4103/0970-0218.112440. PMID: 23878422; PMCID: PMC3714949.
  15. Prusty RK, Begum S, Patil A,et al. Knowledge of symptoms and risk factors of breast cancer among women: a community based study in a low socio-economic area of Mumbai, India. BMC Women’s Health. 2020; 20(1): 106. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12905-020-00967-x
  16. Gupta A, Shridhar K, Dhillon PK. A review of breast cancer awareness among women in India: Cancer literate or awareness deficit? Eur J Cancer. 2015 Sep;51(14):2058– doi: 10.1016/j.ejca.2015.07.008. Epub 2015 Jul 29. PMID: 26232859; PMCID: PMC4571924.
  17. Jeremiah Jacob Tom, Clint Vaz, SesilMariya, Catherin Nisha. Breast Cancer Screening among Women in Central Kerala, India: A Multicentric Study. Journal of Cancer & Metastasis Research. 2020 Jul 01–02;3(1).
  18. AR, Singstock M, Baburajan C, Bajaj S, Thimmaiah S. Awareness of Breast Cancer and Practice of Breast Self-Examination among Urban Underprivileged Women in Bangalore city, India. Women Health 2020;7(4):37–43.

 


Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received April 28, 2023
Accepted July 9, 2023
Published July 14, 2023