Stress Level and Coping Strategies Among the Students Preparing for Common Entrance Test in Coaching Classes of a Selected City

Year : 2023 | Volume :01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 13-21

Bhambal Stephen Sunil

Kadu Amit Vasant

  1. Student Dr. Vitthalrao Vikhe Patil Foundation’s College of Nursing Maharashtra India
  2. Associate Professor Dr. Vitthalrao Vikhe Patil Foundation’s College of Nursing Maharashtra India


Stress is a natural response of your body to any type of demand, whether it is a positive or negative experience. When individuals experience stress due to external factors, their bodies release chemicals into the bloodstream, which can be beneficial if the stress is caused by physical danger. However, if the stress is a result of an emotional situation and there is no way to channel this additional energy and strength, it can become detrimental. Therefore, the researcher conducted a study to evaluate the degree of stress and the coping mechanisms employed by students preparing for a common entrance test. The study aimed to evaluate the stress level and coping mechanisms among students getting ready for a common entrance test and, therefore, utilized a survey method. The sample size was determined with the help of an open epi software system (sample size for frequency in a population). The determined sample size was 80 at 95% confidence interval. Further 5% attrition rate was considered hence the final sample size was 85. The sample size for t study was 85.

Keywords: Stress, level of stress, coping strategies, emotional situation, bloodstream

[This article belongs to International Journal of Emergency and Trauma Nursing and Practices(ijetnp)]

How to cite this article: Bhambal Stephen Sunil, Kadu Amit Vasant. Stress Level and Coping Strategies Among the Students Preparing for Common Entrance Test in Coaching Classes of a Selected City. International Journal of Emergency and Trauma Nursing and Practices. 2023; 01(01):13-21.
How to cite this URL: Bhambal Stephen Sunil, Kadu Amit Vasant. Stress Level and Coping Strategies Among the Students Preparing for Common Entrance Test in Coaching Classes of a Selected City. International Journal of Emergency and Trauma Nursing and Practices. 2023; 01(01):13-21. Available from:


  1. British Red Cross. Understanding and dealing with stress. Available online at:
  2. Sahoo S, Khess CR. Prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress among young male adults in India: a dimensional and categorical diagnosis-based study. J Nerv Ment Dis. 2010; 198 (12): 901–90 doi: 10.1097/NMD.0b013e3181fe75dc.
  3. Clarke School. (n.d.). Mental health and well- Available at
  4. Patel V, Ramasundarahettige C, Vijayakumar L, Thakur JS, Gajalakshmi V, Gururaj G et al. Suicide mortality in India: a nationally representative survey. Lancet. 2012; 379 (9834): 2343–2351. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60606-0, PMID 22726517.
  5. National Prevention Council. (2012). National Prevention Council Action Plan. [Online] Available at [Accessed on June 2023]
  6. Skalski A, Smith M. (2006). Responding to the mental health needs of students. [Online] Available at
    Mental%20Health%20Services%20NASSP%20Sept%202006.pdf[Accessed on June 2023]
  7. Rao AS. Academic stress and adolescent distress: the experiences of 12th standard students in Chennai India. [Online] University of Arizona. Available at
    bitstream/handle/10150/194424/azu_etd_2943_sip1_m.pdf?sequence=1 [Accessed on June 2023]
  8. Stengard E, Schmidlechner K. (2010). Mental health promotion in young people: an investment for the future. [Online]World Health Organization. Available at https://www.consaludmental.
    org/publicaciones/Mentalhealthpromotionyoungpeople.pdf [Accessed on June 2023]
  9. Eells G, Marchhell T, Rikert J, Dittman S. A public health approach to campus mental health promotion and suicide prevention. Harv Health Policy Rev. 2012: Spring (13): 3–
  10. Aasra Suicide Prevention. (2013). Student suicide statistics (India).[Online] Available at [Accessed on June 2023]
  11. Sharma J, Sidhu R. Sources of Stress among students preparing in coaching institutes for admission to professional courses. J Psychol. 2011; 2 (1): 21– doi: 10.1080/09764224.2011.11885458.
  12. Pardeshi N. Emotional disturbances among adolescent students preparing for common entrance test in selected coaching classes of Mumbai city. Indian J Appl Res. 2014; 6: 444–447.
  13. Matthew CP, Stress and coping strategies among college, students. IOSR J Humanit Soc Sci. 2017; 22 (8): 40–44.
  14. Bataineh MZ. Academic stress among undergraduate students: the case of education faculty at King Saud University. Int Interdiscip J Educ. 2013; 2 (1): 82–88. doi: 10.12816/0002919.
  15. Ray A, Halder S, Goswami N. Academic career development stress and mental health of higher secondary students of an Indian perspective. Int J Educ Psychol. 2012; 1 (3): 257–277.
  16. Hsieh HF, Zimmerman MA, Xue Y, Bauermeister JA, Caldwell CH, Wang Z et al. Stress, active coping, and problem behaviors among Chinese adolescents. Am J Orthopsychiatry. 2014; 84 (4): 364–376. doi: 10.1037/h0099845, PMID 24999522.
  17. Tran A, Nehl EJ, Sales J, Berg CJ. Problem drinking behaviors: differential effects of stress and school type on college students. Open J Prev Med. 2014; 4 (4): 216–221. doi: 10.4236/ojpm.
    44027, PMID 24999445.
  18. Lee Y. The relationship of spiritual well-being and involvement with depression and perceived stress in Korean nursing students. Glob J Health Sci. 2014; 6 (4): 169–176. doi: 10.5539/gjhs.v6n4p169, PMID 24999141.
  19. Labrague LJ. Stress and coping strategies among nursing students. J Ment Health. 2016.
  20. Pierceall EA, Keim MC. Stress and coping strategies among community college students. Community Coll J Res Pract. 2007; 31 (9): 703–7 doi: 10.1080/10668920600866579.
  21. Bhullar N, Hine DW, Phillips WJ. Profiles of psychological well-being in a sample of Australian University students. Int J Psychol. 2014;49(4):288–2 doi: 10.1002/ijop.12022. PMID 24990640.
  22. Gerber M, Brand S, Herrmann C, Colledge F, Holsboer-Trachsler E, Pühse U. Increased objectively assessed vigorous-intensity exercise is associated with reduced stress, increased mental health and good objective and subjective sleep in young adults. Physiol Behav. 2014; 135 (August): 17–24. doi: 10.1016/j.physbeh.2014.05.047, PMID 24905432.
  23. Goodwin RD, Grinberg A, Shapiro J, Keith D, McNeil MP, Taha F et al. Hookah use among college students: prevalence, drug use, and mental health. Drug Alcohol Depend. 2014; 141: 16–20. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2014.04.024, PMID 24882367.
  24. Baeza-Velasco C. Increased tobacco and alcohol use among women with joint hypermobility: a way to cope with anxiety. Rheumatol Int. 2015; 35 (1): 171–181.
  25. Clark CM, Nguyen DT, Barbosa-Leiker C. Student perceptions of stress coping, relationships, and academic civility: a longitudinal study. Nurse Educ. 2014; 39 (4): 170–174. doi: 10.1097/NNE.0000000000000049, PMID 24813939.
  26. Abdel Rahman AG, Al Hashim BN, Al Hiji NK, Al-Abbad Z. Stress among medical Saudi Students at college of medicine, King Faisal University. J Prev Med Hyg. 2013;54(4):195–19 PMID 24779279.
  27. Lester D. College student Stressors, depression, and suicidal ideation. Psychol Rep. 2014; 114 (1): 293–296. doi: 10.2466/12.02.PR0.114k10w7, PMID 24765726.
  28. Al-Daghri NM, Al-Othmsn A, Al-AttasOs AKM, AlokailMs AA, Sabico S, Chrousos GP et al. Stress and cardiometabolic manifestations among Saudi students entering universities: a cross-sectional observational study. BMC Public Health. 2014; 14: 391. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-391. Pub<. PMID 24755010, PMCID PMC3998220.
  29. Zhao FF, Lei XL, He W, GU YH, Li DW. The study of perceived stress, coping strategy and self-efficacy of Chinese undergraduate nursing students in clinical practice. Int J Nurs Pract. 2015; 21 (4): 401–40 doi: 10.1111/ijn.12273.
  30. Muge CO. The effects of stress management training program on perceived stress, self-efficacy and coping styles of university students. [Online] Middle East Technical University. Available at [Accessed on June 2023]
  31. Paul G, Elam B, Verhulst SJ. A longitudinal study of students perception of using deep breathing meditiation to reduce testing stresses. Teach Learn Med. 2007; 19 (3): 287–292. doi: 10.1080/10401330701366754, PMID 17594225.
  32. Tice SR. The effects of deep breathing and positive imagery on stress and coherence levels among college-age women. [Online] Available at [Accessed on June 2023]
  33. Nangia A, Sarren S. Effectiveness of training program in relaxation techniques in reducing academic and social stress among adolescents. Int Referred Res J. 2011;III(25):3–
  34. Varvogli L, Darviri C. Stress management techniques evidenced-based procedures that reduce stress and promote health. Health Sci J. 2011; 5 (2): 74–89.
  35. Bennett MP, Lengacher C. Humour and laughter may influence may influence health: III. laughter and health outcomes. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2008;5(1):37– doi: 10.1093/ecam/nem041PMCID, PMCID 2249748.
  36. Brown RP, Gerbarg PL. Yoga breathing, meditations, and longevity. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2009; 1172: 54–62. doi: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04394.x, PMID 19735239.
  37. Khanna A, Manam M, Sandhu JS. Efficacy of two relaxation techniques in reducing pulse rate among highly stressed females. Calicut Med J. 2007; 5 (5): 43.
  38. Kim SH, Schneider SM, Kravitz L, Mermier C, Burge MR. Mind-body practices for post-traumatic stress disorder. J Investig Med. 2013; 61 (5): 827–834. doi: 10.2310/JIM.0b013e3182906862/
    ObO13e3182906862. PMID 23609463.
  39. Iglesias SL, Azzara S, Argibay JC, Arnaiz ML, De Valle Carpineta M, Granchetti H et al. Psychological and physiological response of students to different types of stress management programs. Am J Health Promot. 2012;26(6):e149–e1 doi: 10.4278/ajhp.110516-QUAL-199, PMID 22747323.
  40. Ali U, Hasan S. The effectiveness of relaxation therapy in the reduction of anxiety related symptoms (A case study). Int J Psychol Stud. 2010; 2 (2): 202–208. doi: 10.5539/ijps.v2n2p202.
  41. Ghoncheh S, Smith JC. Progressive muscle relaxation, yoga stretching, and ABC relaxation theory. J Clin Psychol. 2004; 60 (1): 131–136. doi: 10.1002/jclp.10194, PMID 14692015
  42. MacDonald CM. A chuckle a day keeps the doctor away: therapeutic humor and laughter. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. 2004;42(3):18– doi: 10.3928/02793695-20040315-05, PMID 15068163.
  43. Leung SS, Chiang VC, Chui YY, Mak YW, Wong DF. A brief cognitive behavioural stress management program for secondary school teachers. J Occup Health. 2011; 53 (1): 23–35. doi: 10.1539/joh.l10037, PMID 21079374
  44. Ahuja R. Research m New Delhi, India; Rawat Publication; 2009.
  45. Burns N, Grove SL. Understanding nursing research. New Delhi, India: Harcourt Publisher; 2007.

Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received March 12, 2023
Accepted June 15, 2023
Published August 7, 2023