Challenges faced by upper indus basin (UIB) communities due to climate change

Open Access

Year : | Volume : 2 | : | Page : –
By

    Rudraakshi Tiwari

  1. Prof. (Dr.) Indrani Chakravorty

  2. Prof. (Dr.) Subhrajit Banerjee

  1. Student, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India
  2. Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India
  3. Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Planning, Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Technical University, Lucknow, India

Abstract

The Upper Indus Basin (UIB) communities are heavily dependent on water resources for their sustenance. The region relies on glacial and snowmelts for irrigation water, energy, domestic and
irrigation uses. Climate change poses threat to vulnerable region all around the world, and Upper Indus Basin (UIB) is no different. The variability in climatic conditions such change in precipitation pattern and
temperature fluctuations have disrupted the agriculture practices of the region and threatened food security and livelihoods of the people living in the basin. The transboundary region of Upper Indus Basin
is constantly under tension due to geopolitics of the countries involved and the consequence of climate change tend to add to the challenges faced by people living in this region. The research aims to understand effect of climate change on the complex hydrological regime of the basin and its consequence on the communities living there. Furthermore, it intends to explore nexus of climate change with broader socio-economic trends such as demographics, land use patterns and economic activities. The study delves into the implications of changed hydrology and glacial system on agriculture and pastureland productivity. The research also helps in understanding the heightened vulnerability of UIB communities due to increased susceptibility of natural calamities like glacial lake outburst floods (GLOFs) and flash floods. The study seeks to contribute valuable insights to the global discussion on climate change impacts, drawing attention to the need for targeted intervention to protect the wellbeing of Upper Indus Basin (UIB) communities and guarantee the sustainability of this critical watershed region.

Keywords: food insecurity, pastureland depletion, hydrological regime, climate change, Upper Indus Basin.

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Open Access Original Research
Volume
Received January 22, 2024
Accepted January 24, 2024
Published