Evaluation of the Resistance of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Steel Slag and Cement with Bentonite Powder

Open Access

Year : 2022 | Volume : 08 | Issue : 01 | Page : 21-29
By

    Uday N. Gawai

  1. S.P. Nirkhe

  1. Student, Department of Civil Engineering, Deogiri Institute of Engineering and Management Studies, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India
  2. Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Deogiri Institute of Engineering and Management Studies, Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India

Abstract

According to the World Health Organization, concrete is the third most consumed material by humans after food and water. Concrete consists of cement, coarse aggregate, fine aggregate, and water. In the production of cement, carbon dioxide is released into the environment, which becomes a big problem for environmental protection. Therefore, there is a need to modify the cement with some natural materials with pozzolanic properties. The aggregates, which are extracted from natural rocks and riverbeds, are used mined, it is important to look at alternatives to aggregates in the future. Compressive strength tests, split tensile strength tests after 3, 7 and 28 days were carried out and the flexural strength of the prism was determined, as well as the optimum content of bentonite, with different proportions of bentonite and 60% iron and steel slag replacing the weight of cement and coarse aggregate for a mix of M30 class concrete. It has the problem of disposal as waste and is of ecological interest. Steel slag is an industrial by-product of the steel industry. It is a non-metallic ceramic material formed by the reaction of fluxes such as calcium oxide with the non-metallic inorganic components present in steel scrap. The use of steel slag reduces the need for natural rock as a building material and thus protects our natural rock resources as much as possible. The recovery and recycling of recovered by-products and waste materials have economic and environmental reasons led to a rapid development of slag recycling. This way of using a waste material can solve problems of aggregate shortage at various construction sites and reduce environmental problems associated with aggregate mining. and steel slag, and it was found that there is more room for future research on bentonite dust and steel slag in the future. For our experiment, we need to study the strength of concrete by partially replacing cement with bentonite powder and C. with steel slag. We will try to substitute 0%, 10%, 20% and 30% bentonite powder and 60% steel slag. Tests such as compressive strength, splitting tensile strength and flexural strength are examined, although these are higher values compared to conventional concrete.

Keywords: Induction furnace slag, super plasticizer, compressive strength, cleavage strength, flexible power, billing test

[This article belongs to International Journal of Concrete Technology(ijct)]

How to cite this article: Uday N. Gawai, S.P. Nirkhe Evaluation of the Resistance of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Steel Slag and Cement with Bentonite Powder ijct 2022; 08:21-29
How to cite this URL: Uday N. Gawai, S.P. Nirkhe Evaluation of the Resistance of Concrete by Partial Replacement of Coarse Aggregate with Steel Slag and Cement with Bentonite Powder ijct 2022 {cited 2022 May 31};08:21-29. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijct/article=2022/view=90402

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Karthikeyan M, Ramachandran PR, Nandhini A, Vinodha R. Study on the partial replacement of fine aggregate using induction furnace slag. Am J Eng Res. 2008;4:1–5.
2. Santoshkumar P. Effect of bentonite on the Rheological of superplasticizer behavior of cement grout in presence. Int J Civ Environ Eng. 2014.
3. Surya MC, Krishna A, Paul B. Study on concrete using steel slag as coarse structural, construction and architectural engineering. 2019;8(11).
4. Aggregate replacement and Eco sand as Fine Aggregate replacement. IJREAT Int J Res Eng Adv Technol. June-July 2013;1(3).
5. Akbar J, Alam B, Ashraf M, Afzal S, Ahmad A, Shahzada K. Usability of sand-bentonite-cement mixture in the construction of impermeable layer. Sci Res Essays. 2017;6(21):4492–503, 30.
6. Lam C, Jefferis SA, Martin CM. Effects of polymer and bentonite support fluids on concrete–sand interface shear strength. Géotechnique. 2014;64(1):28–39. doi: 10.1680/geot.13.P.012.
7. Nadeem M, Pofale A. Experimental investigation of using slag as an alternative to normal aggregates (coarse and fine) in concrete. Int J Civ Struct Eng. 2012;3(1):117–27.
8. Devi SV, Gnanavel BK, Murthi P. Utilization of industrial waste slag as aggregate in concrete applications by adopting Taguchi’s, approach for optimization. India Open Journal of Civil Engineering. 2012;2:96–105.
9. Alexander MG, Beushausen H-D, Dehn F, Moyo P. (editors). Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting III: 3rd International Conference on Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting, ICCRRR-3, 3–5 September 2012, Cape Town, South Africa. CRC Press.2012. pp.504–505. doi:10.1201/b12750225.
10. Ravikumar H, Dattatreya JK, Shivananda KP. Study on strength properties of concrete by partially replacement of sand by steel slag. Int J Eng Technol Sci. October 2014;1(6).
11. Bezuijen A, Di Emidio G, Verastegui-Flores RD. Hydraulic Conductivity and Small-Strain stiffness of a Cement-bentonite sample exposed to sulphates. Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Paris 2013. pp. 977–980.
12. IS10262:2009. Ordinary concrete mix design guidelines. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 2009.
13. IS456:2000. Plain and reinforced concrete. New Delhi: Bureau of Indian Standards; 2000.


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 08
Issue 01
Received May 16, 2022
Accepted May 24, 2022
Published May 31, 2022