Efficacy of Self-instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Lifestyle Modification to Maintain Heart Healthy in Cardiac Patients

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume :8 | Issue : 1 | Page : 11-15
By

    Reena N.

  1. Nelson Jewas

  1. PhD Scholar, Department of Nursing, Mansarovar Global University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  2. Faculty, Department of Nursing, Mansarovar Global University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India

Abstract

Everyone should lead a conscious lifestyle that prevents disease as, individual lifestyle is central to the development of chronic diseases. Living healthy lifestyle means taking responsibility for own health and well-being, it is the best step forward in our destiny and the advancement of humankind. Among the diseases CAD has become an epidemic and chronic increasing number of deaths among the younger age group affecting the productivity of economy. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of Self-instructional Module (SIM) on knowledge regarding lifestyle modification to maintain heart healthy in cardiac patients. A quantitative, pre-experimental, one group pretest posttest design was selected for the study. The participants were 60 cardiac patients from selected hospitals in Madurai. A non-probability random sampling technique was used to select the samples for the study. A structured knowledge questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. Data were analyzed using both descriptive and inferential statistics. In the pretest 63.33% of the respondents had inadequate knowledge, 36.67% had moderately adequate knowledge. In the posttest 96.67% respondents had adequate knowledge. The ’t’ test value was 46.38 which was found to be significant (p < 0.01). SIM was found to be effective in imparting knowledge to maintain heart healthy in cardiac patients.

Keywords: Cardiac patients, heart healthy, hospital, knowledge, lifestyle modification, selfinstructional module

[This article belongs to International Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing(ijcn)]

How to cite this article: Reena N., Nelson Jewas , Efficacy of Self-instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Lifestyle Modification to Maintain Heart Healthy in Cardiac Patients ijcn 2023; 8:11-15
How to cite this URL: Reena N., Nelson Jewas , Efficacy of Self-instructional Module on Knowledge Regarding Lifestyle Modification to Maintain Heart Healthy in Cardiac Patients ijcn 2023 {cited 2023 Jan 05};8:11-15. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijcn/article=2023/view=92072

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Aounallah Skhiri H (2005), Secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease: knowledge and practices of patients: 83 Supple 5: 30-5
2. Ahmed, E., Youssif, M and Ayasreh.I. (2013). Assess the risk factors and knowledge on modification of lifestyle among patients who have experienced acute myocardial infarction in Taif. International Journal of Medical Science and Public health, 2,354-359.
3. Combes, A. (2015). Reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Retrieved from https:// blogs.biomedcentral.com/on-medicine/2015/09/29/reducing-risk-cardiovascular-disease/
4. Dhawan J, Bray CL, Asian Indians (1997) coronary artery disease and physical exercises 78(6):550-4.
5. Goyal, A. and Yusuf, S. (2006). The burden of cardiovascular disease in the Indian subcontinent. Indian Journal of Medical research, 124(3), 235.
6. Gupta Rajeev (2005) Burden of coronary heart disease in India, 57:632-638.
7. Kozeir, Erb, Blasis and Wilkinson (1995) studies on knowledge of lifestyle modification
8. Engeibrech et.al (2008) the effect of structured and unstructured cardiac teaching on knowledge of MI patients.
9. Yusuf Salim and Sonia S. Anand et.al (2000). Difference in risk factors atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases.
10. World health organization (2015) cardiovascular disease. Retrieved from http://www.searo.who.int/india/topics/cardiovascular- diseases/ en /


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 8
Issue 1
Received January 6, 2022
Accepted February 5, 2022
Published January 5, 2023