Effectiveness of Selected Interventional Package on Bio Physiological Parameters in Reduction of Modifiable Risks of Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults at Selected Urban Communities

Open Access

Year : 2022 | Volume : | Issue : 1 | Page : 1-8
By

    Kalaiselvi Xavier A.

  1. Vijayalakshmi S.

  2. Jayanthi P.

  3. Rosaline Rachel

  1. Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, MMM College of Nursing Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  2. Research Guide / Principal, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, MMM College of Nursing Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  3. Research Co-Guide / Vice Professor, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, MMM College of Nursing Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India
  4. Principal, Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, MMM College of Nursing Affiliated to the Tamil Nadu Dr. MGR Medical University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

Background: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a common condition which affecting the heart or blood vessels. CVD is globally contemplated as the leading cause of death with 80% of CVD related deaths being reported from low- and middle-income countries like India, but it can often largely be prevented with a healthy lifestyle. Objectives: To evaluate the effectiveness of selected interventional package on bio physiological parameters in reduction of modifiable risks of cardiovascular diseases among adults in experimental and control group. Methodology: True experimental – pre and post test only design was adopted and simple random sampling technique for select the sample size. The sample size was selected by structured interview questionnaire method which were 152 in the experimental group and 152 in the control group. After attrition the sample size was 150 in the experimental group and 150 in the control group. Results and Discussion: Study have shown that regarding the comparison in the experimental and control group, the Extended McNemar’s test revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the mean of bio physiological parameters of CVDs risk with in experimental and control group in the pre test and also in post test very high level statistical significance was found p<0.001 at SBP (χ2=29.14), FBS (χ2=14.73), PPBS (χ2=22.12) and LDL (χ2=20.00) level proving the effectiveness of selected intervention package. The Chi square value was SBP (χ2=19.33), DBP (χ2=9.78), FBS (χ2=9.03), PPBS (χ2=7.85) and HDL (χ2=3.99) which showed p<0.01 moderately statistical significance between in the experimental and control group in the post test but there is no significant pre test. This shows that there was a statistical significance in the bio physiological parameters reduction score among adults in the experimental group. Statistically there is a significant difference between experimental and control group. It was calculated using chi-square test. Conclusion: People living in urban community with cardiac risks can be prevented from many diseases and complications because of this selected interventional package.

Keywords: Bio physiological factors, Cardiovascular diseases, Diet, Intervention, Risk factors.

[This article belongs to International Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing(ijcn)]

How to cite this article: Kalaiselvi Xavier A., Vijayalakshmi S., Jayanthi P., Rosaline Rachel Effectiveness of Selected Interventional Package on Bio Physiological Parameters in Reduction of Modifiable Risks of Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults at Selected Urban Communities ijcn 2022; 8:1-8
How to cite this URL: Kalaiselvi Xavier A., Vijayalakshmi S., Jayanthi P., Rosaline Rachel Effectiveness of Selected Interventional Package on Bio Physiological Parameters in Reduction of Modifiable Risks of Cardiovascular Diseases among Adults at Selected Urban Communities ijcn 2022 {cited 2022 Jan 02};8:1-8. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijcn/article=2022/view=92054

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Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 8
Issue 1
Received January 6, 2022
Accepted February 5, 2022
Published January 2, 2022