An Immunohistochemical Study to assess the Role of Myofibroblasts in Diagnosing and Predicting the Outcome of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Year : 2024 | Volume :02 | Issue : 01 | Page : 13-17
By

Dr. Priyanka Raghav

Dr. Abhiraj Raghav

  1. Associate Professor Department of oral Pathology, Subharti Dental College, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University Uttar Pradesh India
  2. Tutor Subharti Medical College, Swami Vivekanand Subharti University, Meerut Uttar Pradesh India

Abstract

Background: Squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) accounts for approximately 94% of all oral malignancies, hence establishing oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) as one of the top 10 most prevalent malignant tumors. Cells with several functions, such as macrophages and myofibroblasts, play a vital role in the biological behaviour of tumors. The aim of this study was to assess and evaluate the prevalence of myofibroblasts (MF) and macrophages in squamous cell carcinomas occurring in oral region. Methodology: Samples comprising 15 experimental subjects diagnosed with well-differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (WDOSCC), moderately differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (MDOSCC), and poorly differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (PDOSCC) was included in the study. While 15 healthy subjects were taken as control group. The tissue samples were divided into sections that were 4 micrometers thick. These sections were subsequently subjected to both conventional staining using hematoxylin and eosin, as well as immunohistochemistry (IHC) staining using α-SMA. The comparative analysis of the expression levels of microRNAs was conducted across different stages of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Statistical analysis was conducted on all of the outcomes. Results: The findings revealed that the average final staining index score for patients with well-differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (WDOSCC) was 9.23, while it was 8.98 for those with moderately differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (MDOSCC), and 6.54 for individuals with poorly differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (PDOSCC). In contrast, the control group displayed nil MF cellular expressions with statistically significant difference from different grades of OSCC. Conclusion: The present investigation’s results indicate that MFs play a significant role in the pathogenesis of OSCCs, and their evaluation may serve as a valuable tool for predicting the invasive characteristics of these malignancies. Therefore, our study suggests the utilization of Myofibroblasts (MF) as a stromal marker to aid in identifying invasion and progression in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC).
Keywords: Alpha-smooth muscle actin, myofibroblast, squamous cell, carcinoma, Oral Cancer.

Keywords: Alpha-smooth muscle actin, myofibroblast, squamous cell, carcinoma, Oral Cancer.

[This article belongs to International Journal of Cell Biology and Cellular Functions(ijcbcf)]

How to cite this article: Dr. Priyanka Raghav, Dr. Abhiraj Raghav. An Immunohistochemical Study to assess the Role of Myofibroblasts in Diagnosing and Predicting the Outcome of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. International Journal of Cell Biology and Cellular Functions. 2024; 02(01):13-17.
How to cite this URL: Dr. Priyanka Raghav, Dr. Abhiraj Raghav. An Immunohistochemical Study to assess the Role of Myofibroblasts in Diagnosing and Predicting the Outcome of Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma. International Journal of Cell Biology and Cellular Functions. 2024; 02(01):13-17. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijcbcf/article=2024/view=145695





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Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 02
Issue 01
Received February 15, 2024
Accepted February 20, 2024
Published March 11, 2024