A comprehensive Review on the Impact of Aquatic Pollution on Fish

Year : 2024 | Volume :13 | Issue : 01 | Page : 1-12
By

Shabnam Khan

Ayushi Singh

Garima Yadav

Julee

Rajesh Kumar

  1. Assistant Professor Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb, Bhimrao Ambedkar University ,Lucknow Uttar Pradesh India
  2. Student Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb, Bhimrao Ambedkar University ,Lucknow Uttar Pradesh India
  3. Student Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb, Bhimrao Ambedkar University ,Lucknow Uttar Pradesh
  4. Student Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb, Bhimrao Ambedkar University ,Lucknow Uttar Pradesh India
  5. HOD & Professor Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb, Bhimrao Ambedkar University ,Lucknow Uttar Pradesh India

Abstract

Freshwater is one of the most important natural resources that are used for various activities in our daily lives. Here, 70% of our Nation’s liquid freshwater is unfit for consumption. Effect of heavy metals on hydrophobicity provides general information about the distribution of heavy metals in the atmosphere from different sources around the world, such as atmospheric precipitation, river and lake sediments. Human activities such as chemicals are increasing day by day, resulting in an increase in pollution. This review investigates the present state of scientific advancements in addressing the extensive range of pollutants, highlights the influence of enduring organic pollutants on water bodies global, caused by mining activities and hazardous waste sites. Water pollution has a negative impact on all the living creatures on earth. Water pollution not only hinders fish growth, reduces fish quality, but also affects its edible value and also causes reduction in the proportion of fish due to water pollution. The consequences on the aquatic life due to water pollution in different fish species showed alterations in histopathology, physiological damages, migration, embryonic and developmental modifications. The impact of pollution on fish is a complex and multifaceted issue with far-reaching ecological, economic and social consequences. Effective pollution control measures, sustainable resource management and global cooperation are essential to mitigate these effects and ensure the health and resilience of aquatic ecosystems. To raise public understanding of the significance of clean water and its direct relationship to fish health, it is necessary to educate communities on proper trash disposal, the effects of pollution on local ecosystems and the role that citizens may play in maintaining water quality. Global food security is largely dependent on the rapidly expanding industries of aquaculture and fishing. Furthermore, histopathological investigations also play a great role to confirm the damage in fish gill, liver, intestine, kidney and brain which can also be utilized as histological indicators, thereby damage to the lamellae as a result of fusion or excessive mucus production, which slows down the intake of oxygen has been evident. This is because additional factors, like high ammonia content in the water may also have an impact on the gill’s histopathology and likewise in other organs such as liver and kidney also alterations are seen. Therefore, to conserve and protect aquatic life from the pollution, furthermore some additional effective measures should be implemented.

Keywords: Aquatic Pollution, Heavy Metals, Histopathology, Fish Quality, Edible Value

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology(rrjovst)]

How to cite this article: Shabnam Khan, Ayushi Singh, Garima Yadav, Julee, Rajesh Kumar. A comprehensive Review on the Impact of Aquatic Pollution on Fish. Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2024; 13(01):1-12.
How to cite this URL: Shabnam Khan, Ayushi Singh, Garima Yadav, Julee, Rajesh Kumar. A comprehensive Review on the Impact of Aquatic Pollution on Fish. Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology. 2024; 13(01):1-12. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/rrjovst/article=2024/view=145908


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References

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Regular Issue Subscription Review Article
Volume 13
Issue 01
Received April 20, 2024
Accepted May 1, 2024
Published May 14, 2024