- Student, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethopia
- Associate Professo, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethopia
Gastrointestinal nematodiasis is a major constraint of livestock production causing huge economic loss to livestock sector of a country. A cross-sectional study aimed to assess prevalence of major gastrointestinal nematodes and associated risk factors was conducted from February 2021 to November 2021 in Hawassa city. In the study, fecal samples were collected from randomly selected 384 cattle and coprological examination was employed by using floatation method. The study result revealed that the overall prevalence of major gastrointestinal nematode in cattle was 20.3%. Haemonchus were found the most prevalent gastrointestinal nematodes, followed by Trichostrongylus, Ostertagia, Nematodirus, Trichuris and Cooperia. A significantly higher prevalence (P<0.05) of infection with gastrointestinal nematodes was recorded in old (40.7%) than in adult (12.2%) and young (8.8%) animals. Sex-wise, higher prevalence was recorded in female (27.9%) than in male (12.3%) animals. Higher prevalence of gastrointestinal nematode infection was recorded in cattle having poor body condition. Haemonchus and Trichostrongylus (5.12%) were higher mixed gastrointestinal nematodes, followed by Trichostrongylus and Nematodirus (3.85%) and Trichuris and Haemonchus (3.85%). The effect of gastrointestinal tract nematodes in the present study cannot be neglected which results in loss of production, decreased growth rate, weight loss and death of animals. Therefore, deworming, and good pasture management should be practiced mitigating the problem in the study area.
Keywords: Cattle, coprology, gastrointestinal nematode, prevalence, risk factors
[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Veterinary Science and Technology(rrjovst)]
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|Received||April 25, 2022|
|Accepted||May 5, 2022|
|Published||May 27, 2022|