Increasing Total Solar Irradiance on Far Future Climate: General Atmospheric Circulation

Open Access

Year : 2022 | Volume : | Issue : 2 | Page : 29-47

    R.H.O. Rangel

  1. M. Catald

  2. L. Sancho

  3. A. Belém

  4. L. Landau

  1. Laboratory of Computational Methods in Engineering, Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  2. Laboratory for Monitoring and Modeling the Climate System, Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, Brazil
  3. Laboratory of Computational Methods in Engineering, Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  4. Laboratory of Computational Methods in Engineering, Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  5. Laboratory of Computational Methods in Engineering, Alberto Luiz Coimbra Institute of Graduate Studies and Research in Engineering, Federal University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


The total solar irradiation at the top of the atmosphere is the primary forcing mechanism for the Earth’s Climate System. In this work, we used the addition of 10% in the radiation value (from 1360 Wm−2 to 1496 Wm−2) to simulate the Earth’s climate system in the habitable zone inner orbit. Two tenyear- long fully coupled simulations using the Community Earth System Model were performed; the CONTROL experiment was configured with the standard total solar irradiation value and the TSI10p experiment with a 10% increase. TSI10p experiment revealed latitudinal shifts in atmospheric pressure belts, and the energy input increased the mean surface air temperature by 7°C. This temperature increase led to an increase in the surface heat flux. Additional changes in the atmosphere were identified, such as moister summers and drier winters in mid-latitudes and changes in planetary runoff and ocean salinity.

Keywords: Total Solar Irradiance, Habitable zone, CESM, Climate change, Future climate.

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Space Science & Technology(rrjosst)]

How to cite this article: R.H.O. Rangel, M. Catald, L. Sancho, A. Belém, L. Landau Increasing Total Solar Irradiance on Far Future Climate: General Atmospheric Circulation rrjosst 2022; 11:29-47
How to cite this URL: R.H.O. Rangel, M. Catald, L. Sancho, A. Belém, L. Landau Increasing Total Solar Irradiance on Far Future Climate: General Atmospheric Circulation rrjosst 2022 {cited 2022 Oct 10};11:29-47. Available from:

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Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 11
Issue 2
Received September 26, 2022
Accepted October 4, 2022
Published October 10, 2022