Application of some Essential bacterial Probiotics in Aquaculture: A Review

Year : 2024 | Volume :14 | Issue : 01 | Page : 22-30
By

Shabnam Khan

Garima Yadav

Ayushi Singh

Rajesh Kumar

  1. Assistant Professor Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Lucknow Uttar Pradesh India
  2. Student Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Uttar Pradesh India
  3. Student Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Uttar Pradesh India
  4. HOD & Professor Department of Basic Sciences, Babasaheb Bhimrao Ambedkar University, Uttar Pradesh India

Abstract

Aquaculture plays an essential role in maintaining food security and sustainable lives for the world’s ever-growing population. Due to the expansion, intensification and variety of aquaculture methods, aquatic animals confront significant challenges, including as disease outbreaks, decreasing output, and risks to the sustainability of the sector. Poor soil conditions in aquaculture cause higher mortality, a higher prevalence of diseases and lower yields of aquatic organisms. Overfeeding, dead animals and feces from cultured organisms like fish and shrimp are the main causes of soil deterioration in aquaculture ponds. The two main compounds that cause issues are hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and ammonia (NH3). In order to prevent diseases and promote growth, antimicrobial medications, insecticides and disinfectants have been used in aquaculture. This has resulted in the evolution of bacterial strains that are resistant to these chemicals. Probiotic usage has been suggested as a potential remedy for various problems. Probiotics are a live beneficial bacterium that are ingested through food or water which helps to maintain a healthy balance of microorganisms inside the body. The growth of dangerous pathogens is inhibited by the bacteriocins, siderophores, lysozymes, proteases, and hydrogen peroxides produced by probiotic bacteria. This review contains various ways in which probiotics can be used in aquaculture systems. Thereby, probiotics assist the host animals by improving development and nutritional digestibility, boosting disease resistance, and improving the quality of the culture water.

Keywords: Probiotics, Aquaculture, Application, growth promoter, Improved water quality

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : A Journal of Life Sciences(rrjols)]

How to cite this article: Shabnam Khan, Garima Yadav, Ayushi Singh, Rajesh Kumar. Application of some Essential bacterial Probiotics in Aquaculture: A Review. Research & Reviews : A Journal of Life Sciences. 2024; 14(01):22-30.
How to cite this URL: Shabnam Khan, Garima Yadav, Ayushi Singh, Rajesh Kumar. Application of some Essential bacterial Probiotics in Aquaculture: A Review. Research & Reviews : A Journal of Life Sciences. 2024; 14(01):22-30. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/rrjols/article=2024/view=143472





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Regular Issue Subscription Review Article
Volume 14
Issue 01
Received March 23, 2024
Accepted April 6, 2024
Published April 15, 2024