Agro- waste to Bioenergy Production in India

Year : 2024 | Volume : | : | Page : –

Pragya Yadav

A K Sarma

  1. Research Scholar Department of Biotechnology, I. K. Gujral Punjab Technical University, Jalandhar Punjab India
  2. Scientist E Department of Biotechnology, Sardar Swaran Singh National Institute of Bio-Energy Kapurthala, Punjab India


The transition towards sustainable energy sources is imperative for mitigating environmental degradation and addressing energy security concerns. In the context of India, where biomass constitutes a significant portion of renewable energy potential, understanding its availability and utilization is paramount. The Biomass Resource Atlas of India serves as a comprehensive tool for assessing biomass resources, offering insights into regional and seasonal availability. However, despite substantial biomass generation, its utilization for power generation remains limited, primarily due to traditional agricultural practices like the burning of crop residues. Through advanced assessment techniques, including forestry, agriculture, animal husbandry, and municipal waste analysis, the potential for biomass energy production can be accurately estimated. Moreover, biomass characterization techniques, such as proximate and ultimate analysis, provide essential data on combustion properties, aiding in efficient energy utilization. Additionally, thermo-physical properties like calorific value contribute to understanding biomass’s energy potential. By harnessing biomass for bioenergy production, not only can India mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and reduce air pollution caused by agricultural residue burning but also promote sustainable land management practices. Furthermore, integrating biomass energy into the energy mix can enhance rural livelihoods, foster economic development, and contribute to India’s climate change mitigation goals. Embracing biomass energy thus presents a promising pathway towards achieving ecological sustainability and addressing India’s energy needs in an environmentally responsible manner. In conclusion, the utilization of biomass for bioenergy production in India holds immense potential for promoting ecological sustainability and addressing energy demands. By implementing advanced assessment and characterization techniques, coupled with policy support and technological innovations, India can significantly enhance its renewable energy portfolio while fostering environmental stewardship and socioeconomic development.

Keywords: animal husbandry, ecosystem, environmental sustainability, Biomass Assessment Techniques, Calorific Value

How to cite this article: Pragya Yadav, A K Sarma. Agro- waste to Bioenergy Production in India. Research & Reviews : Journal of Ecology. 2024; ():-.
How to cite this URL: Pragya Yadav, A K Sarma. Agro- waste to Bioenergy Production in India. Research & Reviews : Journal of Ecology. 2024; ():-. Available from:


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Ahead of Print Subscription Review Article
Received March 29, 2024
Accepted April 24, 2024
Published May 7, 2024