Effect of Oil Spills on Marine life

Open Access

Year : 2021 | Volume : | Issue : 3 | Page : 27-36
By

    Jyoti Kapila

  1. Harvinder Kaur Sidhu

  1. Research Scholar, Department of Life Sciences, Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India
  2. Professor, Department of Life Sciences, Desh Bhagat University, Mandi Gobindgarh, Punjab, India

Abstract

Oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the environment, especially marine areas due to human activities and is a form of pollution. Oil spill pollution can have multiple causes both of natural and anthropogenic origin. The major oil spills of the world include Exxon Valdez oil spill, Arabian Gulf spill, Deepwater Horizon spill and Mumbai oil spill. Oil spills have negative impact on marine ecosystem which includes both plant and animal life. Even the salt tolerant species of mangroves are being affected as the roots become clogged which results in oxygen cut off. The animals which are most effected include Pinnipeds, Sirenians, Cetaceans, Marine mammals, Sea birds, Sea turtles etc. Oil spills can be controlled by both natural and synthetic methods. Usually most of the oil spill accidents are caused by human errors. Hence, this can be reduced if one takes required precautions and proper safety assessments.

Keywords: Oil spill, pollution, hydrocarbon, marine ecosystem, anthropogenic, mangroves, clogged

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Ecology(rrjoe)]

How to cite this article: Jyoti Kapila, Harvinder Kaur Sidhu Effect of Oil Spills on Marine life rrjoe 2021; 10:27-36
How to cite this URL: Jyoti Kapila, Harvinder Kaur Sidhu Effect of Oil Spills on Marine life rrjoe 2021 {cited 2021 Nov 29};10:27-36. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/rrjoe/article=2021/view=92148

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Anderson JW, Neff JM, Cox BA, Tatem HE, Hightower GH. Characteristics of dispersions and water soluble extracts of crude and refined oils and their toxicity to estuarine crustaceans and fish. Mar Biol. 1974; 27: 75–88.
2. Thomas SB, Elizabeth AC. Anthropogenic Markers. In: Thomas SB, Elizabeth AC, editors. Chemical Biomarkers in Aquatic Ecosystems. New Jersey: Princeton University Press; 2011; 268–273.
3. Boesch DF, Rabalais NN. Long-term environmental effects of offshore oil and gas development. London: Elsevier Applied Science; 1987; 287–341.
4. Barber WE, McDonald LL, Erickson WP, Vallarino. Effect of the Exxon Valdez oil spill on intertidal fish, a field study. Trans Amer Fish Soc. 1995; 124(4): 461–476.
5. https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/significant-incidents/exxon-valdez-oil-spill
6. https://sites.google.com/site/ubuwoil/historys-10most-famous-oil-spills/arabian-gulf-spills
7. https://www.livescience.com/9885-faq-science.
8. https://phys.org/news/2010-08-oil-slick-history-oil-spills.htmlships-collide-mumbai.html
9. https://mapcruzin.com/gulf-oil-spill-maps/oil-spill-mangroves/30_mangrove_chapter3.pdf
10. Burger AE. Estimating the mortality of sea birds following oil spills; effects of spill volume. Mar Pollut Bull. 1993; 26(3): 140–143.
11. https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/oil-and-chemical-spills/oil-spills/how-oil-spills-affect-fish-and-whales.html.
12. https://www.kidzworld.com/article/24170-oil-spills-sad-but-true/
13. http://dunx1.irt.drexel.edu/~lmh29/oilspill.html/2015/05/27/california-oil-spill-takes-toll-on-marine
14. https://whalesandmarinefauna.wordpress.com/
15. Dunnet GM. Oil Pollution and Seabird Population. Phil Trans R Soc Lond B. 1982; 297(1087): 413–427.
16. Clark RB. Impact of oil pollution on seabirds. Environ Pollut. 1984; 33(1): 1–22.
17. https://sites.google.com/site/savingourseacreatures spills/affects-of-oil-spills
18. https://www.firstpost.com/tech/science/ten-years- oil-spills deepwater-horizon-explosion-oil-spill-marine-wildlife-struggles-recover-8238381
19. https://www.thoughtco.com/facts-about-seals-2292018
20. Ben-David M, Williams TM, Ormseth OA. Effects of oiling on exercise physiology and diving behaviour of river otters: a captive study. Can J Zool. 2000; 78(8): 1380–1390.
21. https://www.onegreenplanet.org/animalsandnature/the-weird-way-cleaning-up-oil-spills-can-actually-harm-animals/
22. https://www.irishtimes.com/opinion/editorial/patrick-smyth-big-oil-a-killer-threat-to-alaska-s-wildlife-1.4335732
23. https://www.ibtimes.com/bp-says-gulf-mexico-recovering-2010-oil-spill-federal-scientists-dispute-companys-1849546.
24. https://response.restoration.noaa.gov/about/media/how-do-oil-spills-affect-sea-turtles.html
25. https://news.mongabay.com/2020/09/mauritians-take-to-the-street-over-oil-spill-and-dolphin-and-whale-deaths.
26. https://www.ecobusiness.com/opinion/exxon-valdez-25th-anniversary-lessons-learned-lessons-lost/
27. https://www.alibaba.com/product-detail/Sea-Oil-Spill-Containment-Inflatable-PVC_60811613460.html
28. https://www.cleanupoil.com/oil-skimmer/
29. http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123203535
30. Atlas RM, Cerniglia CE. Bioremediation of petroleum pollutants. Bioscience. 1995; 45(5): 332–338.
31. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oil_spill#/media/File:Harbour_Buster_high-speed_oil_containment_system.jpg
32. Achman DR, Hornbuckle KC, Eisenreich SJ. Volatilization of polychlorinated biphenyls from Green Bay, Lake Michigan. Environ Sci Technol. 1993; 27(1): 75–87.
33. Prasad G. Water Pollution. In: Restoration and Conservation Ecology. Prasad G, editor. New Delhi: Discovery Publishing House; 2012; 109–110.


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 10
Issue 3
Received July 5, 2021
Accepted October 20, 2021
Published November 29, 2021