Concern for Public Health: Periodontitis

Open Access

Year : 2024 | Volume :15 | Issue : 01 | Page : 22-26

S. Priyadharshini

Jayaprakash S


Periodontitis, a severe form of gum disease, erodes the bone that supports teeth and results in tooth
loss. It is caused by bacterial infection and inflammation of the soft tissues around the teeth. About 70%
of people 65 years of age and older are affected, on average. Red, bleeding, sensitive gums, foul breath,
and receding gums are hallmark indications. Depending on the severity, a full dental examination, the
insertion of a periodontal probe, and an X-ray can confirm the diagnosis. Medical and surgical
management are crucial to the management of periodontitis. The composition of biofilms is a major
factor in periodontitis, an inflammatory disease caused by infection. When dental plaque builds up near
the gingival margin, it triggers an inflammatory reaction that changes microbiology and can have
severe effects on the periodontium of those who are vulnerable. Prolonged inflammation damages the
gingiva and can lead to periodontitis, which is characterized by irreversible loss of alveolar bone and
attachment. Although it usually affects adults, young people can also develop periodontitis and its
negative effects. Adult tooth loss is primarily caused by advanced illness. Periodontitis is also linked to
several long-term illnesses and disorders that impact overall health. The primary hallmark of
periodontitis is the permanent breakdown of alveolar bone resulting from the stimulation of osteoclast
generation, which ultimately leads to the loss of tooth support. In otherwise healthy individuals, the
approximate fatality rate for surgically treatable instances of peritonitis (e.g., diverticulitis,
appendicitis, and perforated peptic ulcer) is less than 10% when appropriately managed. Those with
peritonitis who develop sepsis have a mortality rate of 35%, and those with underlying renal
insufficiency and comorbidities also have a greater death rate. Early detection and treatment of
periodontitis may be facilitated by routine examinations and proper dental hygiene.

Keywords: Periodontitis, public health, bleeding gums, tooth loss, oral hygiene

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews: A Journal of Dentistry(rrjod)]

How to cite this article: S. Priyadharshini, Jayaprakash S. Concern for Public Health: Periodontitis. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Dentistry. 2024; 15(01):22-26.
How to cite this URL: S. Priyadharshini, Jayaprakash S. Concern for Public Health: Periodontitis. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Dentistry. 2024; 15(01):22-26. Available from:

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Regular Issue Open Access Review Article
Volume 15
Issue 01
Received April 6, 2024
Accepted April 26, 2024
Published May 15, 2024