- Student, Department of Botany, Mata Gujri College, Fatehgarh Sahib, Punjab, India
Cicer arietinum is the most well-known vegetable and seen everywhere in the world, particularly in Afro-Asian nations. It has a place with family Fabaceae and appropriated in tropical, sub-tropical and calm districts. It is an annual crop with 20–100 cm tallness and the stems are spread, erect while root framework is vigorous and leaves are made of 11–15 individual handouts which are oval fit as a fiddle. The blossoms are delivered independently or two by two and can be white, pink, purple or blue in shading. Its normal names incorporate hummus, Bengal gram, chickpea, garbanzo and some more. The parts utilized are seed, leaves and seed case. It is essentially found in two principal assortments: Microsperma called Desi type and Macrosperma called Kabuli type. It is a decent wellspring of sugars, proteins, nutrients, alkaloids, phytosterols, tannins, phenolic mixes, glycosides, sapiens, flavonoids and minerals and so forth consequently, it has an extraordinary significance in clinical field alongside its culinary employments. The conventional use incorporates therapy of skin issues, (like skin inflammation, bubbles, dandruff, earthy coloured spots etc.) kidney issues, urinary issues and gastric issues, and so on while drug utilizations incorporate different properties like it goes about as Spanish fly, estrogenic, cell reinforcement, antidiabetic, mitigating, against malignant growth, hostile to diarrheal specialist and furthermore help in weight reduction, keeping up bone wellbeing, boosting memory, mental health alongside antifungal, against microbial, astringent, hostile to nephrolithiasis properties and have many other pharmacological impacts. This survey was intended to feature all the ethnobotanical and drug employments of chickpea.
Keywords: Chickpea plant profile, ethnobotanical utilizes drug employments
[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Crop science and Technology(rrjocst)]
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|Received||January 9, 2021|
|Accepted||February 5, 2021|
|Published||April 29, 2021|