A Review on Manihot Esculenta Species

Year : 2021 | Volume : | Issue : 2 | Page : 6-10
By

    Lavi Jain

  1. Kaustubh Tripathi

  2. Surya Prakash DV

  1. B.Tech Student, Department of Biotechnology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology (MIET), Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
  2. B.Tech Student, Department of Biotechnology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology (MIET), Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India
  3. Assistant Professor, Department of Biotechnology, Meerut Institute of Engineering and Technology (MIET), Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India

Abstract

Manihot esculenta, which is commonly known as Cassava, is a woody shrub that provides a high source of carbohydrate. It is an annual crop native to tropical and subtropical regions of the world. Nigeria is the largest producer of the cassava plant. The parts of the plant like leaves, roots, stems, etc are consumed in a variety of ways as they have been shown to possess activities like analgesic, anti-inflammatory anti-helmentic, anti-diabetic, antipyretic, hepatoprotective, relaxing, antimutagenic, and anti-cancer. Calories, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, phosphorus, iron, vitamin B, vitamin C, and starch are among the nutrients found in the plant. The leaves contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, calcium, iron, phosphorus, fat, starch, calories, and proteins. The stem also consists ofenzymes,calcium oxalate, tannins and peroxidase. The cassava plant is also rich in saponin, flavonoid, alkaloids, and other phytochemicals. In many regions of the world, it is widely considered a medicinal plant. The extracts of leaves show a promising antidiarrheal activity. It is also used for the treatment of many infectious diseases. The roots of cassava are eaten raw, boiled, and even used as an alternative to wheat flour in the processes of baking. The pesticidal activity of Manihot esculenta has also been determined and the results suggested that the plant also has pesticidal activity. The leaves act as a natural remedy and the extract helps in skincare and healing. It is also an excellent wound healing remedy as it contributes to wound repair, cell replacement, bone health, memory enhancement, and the body’s metabolic function.

Keywords: Manihot esculenta, saponin, flavonoid, antioxidant, anticancer

[This article belongs to Research & Reviews : Journal of Botany(rrjob)]

How to cite this article: Lavi Jain, Kaustubh Tripathi, Surya Prakash DV A Review on Manihot Esculenta Species rrjob 2021; 10:6-10
How to cite this URL: Lavi Jain, Kaustubh Tripathi, Surya Prakash DV A Review on Manihot Esculenta Species rrjob 2021 {cited 2021 Aug 20};10:6-10. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/rrjob/article=2021/view=92124/

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Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 10
Issue 2
Received June 8, 2021
Accepted July 29, 2021
Published August 20, 2021

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