Effects of Nano Additives on Performance and Emission Characteristics of CI Engine with Mahua Biodiesel and Diesel Blends as Fuel

Open Access

Year : 2024 | Volume :11 | Special Issue : 13 | Page : 41-49
By

    Sharanappa Godiganur

  1. Srikanth H.V.

  2. Veerbhadrappa T.

  1. , Department of Automobile Engineering, Dhole Patil College of Engineering, Maharashtra, India
  2. , Department of Aeronautical Engineering, Nitte Meenakshi Institute of Technology, Karnataka, India
  3. , School of Mechanical Engineering, REVA University, Karnataka, India

Abstract

Due to growing environmental concerns and the imminent depletion of fossil fuels, the development of
eco-friendly alternative fuels, such as biodiesel, is imperative. To improve the performance and
emission properties of diesel engines utilizing biodiesel blends, the effective introduction of metallic
and non-metallic nano-additives has been established. This research aimed to investigate the blending
ratios of biodiesel (B0, B10, B20, and B40) in a compression ignition engine. Furthermore, the
impact of graphene nanoparticles on the engine’s performance and emissions was evaluated and
compared to pure diesel fuel. The addition of graphene as a nano-additive to B20, with a
concentration of 150 ppm, demonstrated a significant enhancement in both performance and emission
characteristics. B20G150 exhibited a notable 6% decrease in brake-specific fuel consumption
(BSFC), a 25% reduction in carbon monoxide (CO) emissions, and a 6.5% increase in brake thermal
efficiency (BTE). This study revealed that the addition of graphene nanoparticles improves the
performance characteristics of the compression ignition engine

Keywords: Biodiesel, Nano additive, Graphene, CI engine, Performance, Emission

[This article belongs to Special Issue under section in Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)]

How to cite this article: Sharanappa Godiganur, Srikanth H.V., Veerbhadrappa T. , Effects of Nano Additives on Performance and Emission Characteristics of CI Engine with Mahua Biodiesel and Diesel Blends as Fuel jopc 2024; 11:41-49
How to cite this URL: Sharanappa Godiganur, Srikanth H.V., Veerbhadrappa T. , Effects of Nano Additives on Performance and Emission Characteristics of CI Engine with Mahua Biodiesel and Diesel Blends as Fuel jopc 2024 {cited 2024 Mar 05};11:41-49. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2024/view=133577

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

  1. Vivek W. Khond, V. M. Kriplani, “Effect of nanofluid additives on performances and emissions of emulsified diesel and biodiesel fueled stationary CI engine: A comprehensive review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 59 (2016) 1338–1348
  2. Murugesan A, Umarani C, Subramanian R, Nedunchezhian N. Bio-diesel as an alternative fuel for diesel engines—A review. Renew Sustain Energy Rev 2009;13:653–62.
  3. Shaafi, K. Sairam, A. Gopinath, G. Kumaresan, R. Velraj, “Effect of dispersion of various nanoadditives on the performance and emission characteristics of a CIengine fuelled with diesel, biodiesel and blends—A review,” Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 49 (2015) 563–573.
  4. Murat K, Gokhan E, Murat H. Effects of the blends containing low ratios of alternative fuels on the performance and emission characteristics of a diesel engine. Fuel 2013;112:537–41.
  5. Dhar A, Kevin R, Agarwal A K. Production of biodiesel from high-FFA neem oil and its performance, emission and combustion characterization in a single cylinder DI CI engine. Fuel Proces Technol 2012;97:118–29.
  6. Sharma Y C, Singh B. Development of biodiesel from karanja, a tree found in rural India. Fuel 2008; 87:1740–2.
  7. Sharanappa Godiganur, Ch. Suryanarayana Murthy, Rana Prathap Reddy, “Performance and emission characteristics of a Kirloskar HA394 diesel engine operated on fish oil methyl esters,” Renewable Energy 35 (2010) 355–359.
  8. Ambrozik A. ChdOpek Z. “The Catalitic limitation of PM formation in engines. The sixth International Congress of the Engines Construction. (InRussian). Rybacie, Ukrania;2001.
  9. Jones, M.; Li, C.H.; Afjeh, A.; Peterson, G.P.: Experimental study of combustion characteristics of nanoscale metal and metal oxide additives in biofuel (ethanol). Nanoscale Res. Lett. 6, 246 (2011).
  10. Kao, M.-J.; Ting, C.-C.; Lin, B.-F.; Tsung, T.-T.: Aqueous aluminum nanofluid combustion in diesel fuel. J. Test. Eval. 36(2), 186–190 (2008).
  11. Sajith, V.; Sobhan, C.B.; Peterson, G.P.: Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle fuel additives on biodiesel. Adv. Mech. Eng. 581407, 6 (2010).
  12. Selvan, A.M.; Anand, R.B.; Udayakumar, M.: Effects of cerium oxide nanoparticle addition in diesel and diesel–biodiesel–ethanol blends on the performance and emission characteristics of a C.I engine, ARPN. J. Eng. Appl. Sci. 4(7), 1819–6608 (2009).
  13. M. Paramashivaiah, N. R. Banapurmath, C. R. Rajashekhar, S. V. Khandal, “Studies on Effect of Graphene Nanoparticles Addition in Different Levels with Simarouba Biodiesel and Diesel Blends on Performance, Combustion and Emission Characteristics of CI Engine,” Arabian Journal for Science and Engineering 13369-018-3121-6.
  14. Sharanappa Godiganur, Ch. Suryanarayana Murthy, Rana Prathap Reddy, “6BTA 5.9 G2-1 Cummins engine performance and emission tests using methyl ester mahua (Madhuca indica) oil/diesel blends,” Renewable Energy 34 (2009) 2172–2177.
  15. Basha J S, Anand R B. Role of nano additives blended biodiesel emulsion fuel on the working characteristics of a diesel engine. J Renew Sustain Energy 2011;3 (023106):1–17.
  16. Keskin A, Guru M, Altiparmak D. Influence of metallic based fuel additives on performance and exhaust emissions of diesel engine. Energy Convers Manag 2011;52:60–5.
  17. Zhu M, Ma Y, Zhang D. Effect of a homogeneous combustion catalyst on the combustion characteristics and fuel efficiency in a diesel engine. Appl Energy 2012; 91:166–72.
  18. Mehta R N, Chakraborty M, Parikh P A. Nanofuels: combustion, engine performance and emissions. Fuel 2014; 120:91–7.
  19. Mehta R N, ChakrabortyM, Parikh P A. Impact of hydrogen generated by splitting water with nano-silicon and nano-aluminum on diesel engine performance. Int J Hydrogen Energy 2014; 39:8098–105.
  20. Sajith V, Sobhan C B, Peterson G P. Experimental investigations on the effects of cerium oxide nanoparticles fuel additives on biodiesel. Adv Mech Eng 2010:1–6.
  21. Basha J S, Anand R B. Performance, emission and combustion characteristics of a diesel engine using carbon nanotubes blended jatropha methyl ester emulsions. Alex Eng J 2014; 53:259–73.
  22. Karthikeyan S, Elango A, Prathima A. Performance and emission study on zinc oxide nanoparticles addition with promotion stearin wax biodiesel of CI engine. J. Sci.Ind.Res2014;73:187–90.
  23. Ganesh D, Gowrishankar G. Effect of nano-fuel additive one mission reduction in biodiesel fuelled CI engine 978-1-4244-8165-1/11;2011.p.3453–59.

Special Issue Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 13
Received December 11, 2023
Accepted December 20, 2023
Published March 5, 2024