Optimization of Liquid Metal Nanocomposites and Biogas Addition Rate Using ANN-GA

Open Access

Year : 2024 | Volume :11 | Special Issue : 11 | Page : 12-27

    S. Lalhriatpuia

  1. Neeraj Budhraja

  2. Kiran Pal

  1. Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India
  2. Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India
  3. Assistant Professor, Department of Mathematics, DITE DSEU Okhla Campus II, Delhi Skill & Entrepreneurship, Delhi, India


In this study, the liquid metal nanocomposites were investigated using artificial neural network (ANN)
prediction capabilities for Compression Ignition (CI) engine performance. The independent input
variables selected were load (20-100%), Liquid-metal nanocomposites Doped Rate (NDR, 0-50 ppm),
and Biogas Flow Rate (BFR, 0.5-1.0 kg/h). The Central Composite Face-Centered Design (CCFCD)
was used in conjunction with the selected input variables and output parameters to assist in the
preparation of the Design of Experiment (DOE). The proportion of error for the ANN projected
output responses is determined for each run in the DOE. ANN model’s predictions exhibited a good
coefficient of determination (R2), minimal Root Mean Square error (RMSE), and low Mean Absolute
deviation (MAD), indicating accurate and reliable prediction capability. A response that was
optimum according to the ANN model’s optimization occurred at 74.5% load, 10.55 ppm NDR, and
0.656 kg/h BFR. The optimization response concludes that combining Liquid-metal nanocomposites
and biogas contributes positively to diesel engine performances.

Keywords: ANN, Nanocomposites, Biogas, Performance, Emission

[This article belongs to Special Issue under section in Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)]

How to cite this article: S. Lalhriatpuia, Neeraj Budhraja, Kiran Pal , Optimization of Liquid Metal Nanocomposites and Biogas Addition Rate Using ANN-GA jopc 2024; 11:12-27
How to cite this URL: S. Lalhriatpuia, Neeraj Budhraja, Kiran Pal , Optimization of Liquid Metal Nanocomposites and Biogas Addition Rate Using ANN-GA jopc 2024 {cited 2024 Feb 23};11:12-27. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2024/view=133536

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Special Issue Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 11
Received December 1, 2023
Accepted January 4, 2024
Published February 23, 2024