Nanocrystalline Silver: Synthesis by High-Energy Ball Milling, X-ray Debye Temperature Analysis, and Diverse Applications

Open Access

Year : 2024 | Volume :11 | Special Issue : 12 | Page : 140-148
By

    Dr. Purushotham Endla

  1. Endla Akhil Balaji

  1. Associate Professor, Department of Physics, School of Sciences, SR University, Telangana, India
  2. B.Tech Student, Computer Science and Engineering, Kakatiya Institute of Technology and Science, Telangana, India

Abstract

This research paper presents a comprehensive investigation into transforming micro-sized silver (Ag) powder into nanostructured Ag powder by applying high-energy ball milling. The ball milling process was executed over a total duration of 20 hours, with periodic sampling every 4 hours to monitor the evolving characteristics of the material. The particle size, lattice strain, Debye-Waller factor, and root mean square amplitudes of vibration were calculated by using X-ray powder diffraction techniques. Notably, a noteworthy observation emerged in this study: a discernible increase in the Debye-Waller factor was observed about lattice strain, indicating a previously unidentified correlation. The correlation between lattice strain and the influential Debye-Waller factor, this paper successfully estimated Debye-Waller. From the correlation between the strain and effective Debye- Waller factors have been estimated for Ag. The results of this research contribute to the fundamental understanding of the mechanical transformation of micro-sized Ag powder into nanostructured Ag powder and the implications for its physical properties.

Keywords: XRD, lattice strain, particle size, Debye-Waller factor, Debye temperature, applications.

[This article belongs to Special Issue under section in Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)]

How to cite this article: Dr. Purushotham Endla, Endla Akhil Balaji , Nanocrystalline Silver: Synthesis by High-Energy Ball Milling, X-ray Debye Temperature Analysis, and Diverse Applications jopc 2024; 11:140-148
How to cite this URL: Dr. Purushotham Endla, Endla Akhil Balaji , Nanocrystalline Silver: Synthesis by High-Energy Ball Milling, X-ray Debye Temperature Analysis, and Diverse Applications jopc 2024 {cited 2024 Feb 17};11:140-148. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2024/view=133122

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Special Issue Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 12
Received October 30, 2023
Accepted December 12, 2023
Published February 17, 2024