Strengthening of Hydraulic Lime with Synthetic, Organic, and Bio-Additives: State-of-the-Art Review on Eco-Friendly Construction

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 01 | Page : 87-96

    Chippymol James

  1. Greeshma Sivasankarapillai

  1. Research Scholar, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Tamil Nadu, India
  2. Associate Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, College of Engineering Guindy, Anna University, Tamil Nadu, India


Cement is acknowledged to be one of the significant modern construction materials used all over the
world because of its excellent properties. Though cement dominates the construction industry, the
usage of lime binder is still replaceable because of the need for restoration and repair of existing
heritage structures. Though lime offers several advantages such as “breathing”, higher durability
and deformability, the performance of the lime mortar is still mistrusted because of its poor
compressive strength, long setting time, etc. Several researchers from the past have identified various
techniques to improve the mechanical strength and fresh properties of lime mortars. This paper
attempts to review those significant literatures that were based on performance improvement of lime
mortars in the aforesaid parameters. The notable research works include the additions of different
herbs in the lime mortar, effects of different plants and animal extracts as additives in lime mortar,
and effects of different fibers, including natural and synthetic fibers, in the lime mortar, that are
reviewed from various scrupulous literatures and the significant results and outcomes are identified
and summarized in this review article. This research review article helps the researchers and
practicing engineers to adopt the strengthening method of lime mortar that would be best suited for
their restoration applications.

Keywords: Ancient structures, bio-additives, cement-lime mortars, eco-friendly additives, lime mortar, organic additives, synthetic fibers

This article belongs to Special Issue Conference International Conference on Innovative, Sustainable Materials and Technologies (ICISMT-2022)

How to cite this article: Chippymol James, Greeshma Sivasankarapillai Strengthening of Hydraulic Lime with Synthetic, Organic, and Bio-Additives: State-of-the-Art Review on Eco-Friendly Construction jopc 2023; 11:87-96
How to cite this URL: Chippymol James, Greeshma Sivasankarapillai Strengthening of Hydraulic Lime with Synthetic, Organic, and Bio-Additives: State-of-the-Art Review on Eco-Friendly Construction jopc 2023 {cited 2023 Jun 19};11:87-96. Available from:

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Conference Open Access Review Article
Volume 11
Special Issue 01
Received December 21, 2022
Accepted May 10, 2022
Published June 19, 2023