Comprehensive Review on Brake Friction Materials

Open Access

Year : 2024 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 08 | Page : 197-214
By

    Devan Naveen Kumar

  1. T. Vijayakumar

  2. G. Murali

  1. PG Student, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Andhra Pradesh, India
  2. Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Andhra Pradesh, India
  3. Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

Automobile manufacturers are currently dedicated to enhancing vehicle speeds for the purpose of saving travel time. However, achieving this objective necessitates the use of friction materials capable of handling high-speed braking. In this article, we will delve into the historical evolution of materials utilized for brake pads and drums. In the past, asbestos stood out as the most widely employed brake lining material due to its effectiveness. Unfortunately, its carcinogenic properties led to its prohibition by health and environmental agencies. Consequently, endeavors were undertaken to create brake friction materials devoid of asbestos. Presently, non-asbestos organic brake pads have become the most prevalent choice, despite the generation of harmful wear debris. To drive progress, scientists are energetically involved in developing environmentally sustainable brake friction materials that can perform effectively in high-speed braking under various weather conditions. They are exploring options like natural fibers or materials derived from agricultural waste as potential alternatives for brake pads. When it comes to brake discs and drums, cast iron has historically been the conventional choice. Nonetheless, more recent materials such as aluminum matrix composites, carbon-carbon composites, and ceramics are gaining popularity. Among these, aluminum matrix composite is particularly promising due to its low density and improved braking stability. Consequently, it is considered a potential future material for brake discs or drums.

Keywords: Brake Pad, Brake Disc, Brake Drum, Metal Matrix Composites, Non-Asbestos Materials.

This article belongs to Special Issue Conference International Conference on Innovative Concepts in Mechanical Engineering (ICICME – 2023)

How to cite this article: Devan Naveen Kumar, T. Vijayakumar, G. Murali Comprehensive Review on Brake Friction Materials jopc 2024; 11:197-214
How to cite this URL: Devan Naveen Kumar, T. Vijayakumar, G. Murali Comprehensive Review on Brake Friction Materials jopc 2024 {cited 2024 Jan 31};11:197-214. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2024/view=131838

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Conference Open Access Review Article
Volume 11
Special Issue 08
Received October 19, 2023
Accepted November 28, 2023
Published January 31, 2024