DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF A METAL LINED COMPOSITE OVERWRAPPED PRESSURE VESSEL

Open Access

Year : 2024 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 08 | Page : 215-232
By

    Kammili Harsha Naga Sai

  1. Boggarapu Nageswara Rao

  2. T. Parameshwaran Pillai

  3. K. S. Sajikumar

  4. K. Prasanth Kumar Reddy

  1. M.Tech Student, 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (KLEF), Deemed to be University, Andhra Pradesh, India
  2. Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (KLEF), Deemed to be University, Andhra Pradesh, India
  3. Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University College of Engineering, BIT Campus, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu, India
  4. Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, College of Engineering Trivandrum, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India
  5. Research Scholar, 1Department of Mechanical Engineering, Koneru Lakshmaiah Education Foundation (KLEF), Deemed to be University, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

This study presents a comprehensive investigation into the mechanical behavior of a metal lined composite overwrapped pressure vessel, designed for high-pressure storage applications. The design approach is dependent upon fiber material constants and dome shape factor. The study begins with obtaining dome coordinates and maintaining winding angles according to a geodesic path equation. Thickness estimation for the portion of cylindrical shell and domes are determined through netting analysis and cubic spline function respectively. The initial part of the study assesses hoop, axial, and effective stresses.Finite element modeling and analysis performed on several case studies to confirm the existing test data using ANSYS.The critically stressed cylindrical portion of the vessel governs the design. The netting analysis suggests a thickness of 4.59 mm for this section but considering 5mm thickness (4 helical layers and 6 hoop layers). However, CLT analysis reveals that plies 1 to 4, with a 13.38° helical winding angle, fail due to exceeding the transverse filament strength,prompting the addition of supplementary plies to balance axial and hoop stresses. The resulting laminate design successfully meets all failure criteria, enhancing burst pressure and ensuring vessel reliability under a working pressure of 35MPa with 1.5 safety factor.

Keywords: Cylindrical shell; Domes; Factor of Safety; Failure criterion; Fiber strength; Netting theory; Winding angle.

This article belongs to Special Issue Conference International Conference on Innovative Concepts in Mechanical Engineering (ICICME – 2023)

How to cite this article: Kammili Harsha Naga Sai, Boggarapu Nageswara Rao, T. Parameshwaran Pillai, K. S. Sajikumar, K. Prasanth Kumar Reddy DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF A METAL LINED COMPOSITE OVERWRAPPED PRESSURE VESSEL jopc 2024; 11:215-232
How to cite this URL: Kammili Harsha Naga Sai, Boggarapu Nageswara Rao, T. Parameshwaran Pillai, K. S. Sajikumar, K. Prasanth Kumar Reddy DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF A METAL LINED COMPOSITE OVERWRAPPED PRESSURE VESSEL jopc 2024 {cited 2024 Feb 01};11:215-232. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2024/view=131068

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

Th.de Jong, “A theory of filament wound pressure vessels”,Delft University of Technology, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Report LR-379 (1983).http://resolver.tudelft.nl/uuid:cb23830f-81c4-49d9-b6ee-cee2a429e6cb
M. Madhavi and K.V.J. Rao, “Computer aided analysis of filament wound composite pressure vessel with integrated end domes considering the change of winding angles through the thickness direction”, Journal of the Institution of Engineers (India): Mechanical Engineering Division, Vol.91, pp.10-16 (2010).
S. Alam, G. R. Yandek, R. C. Lee, and J. M. Mabry, “Design and development of a filament wound composite overwrapped pressure vessel”, Composites Part C: Open Access, 2 (2020) 100045 14 pages. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcomc.2020.100045
H. Kang, P. He, C. Zhang, Y. Dai, Lv. Hong, M. Zhang, D. Yang, “Stress–strain and burst failure analysis of fiber wound composite material high-pressure vessel”, Polymers and Polymer Composites, Vol. 29, No. 8, pp.1291–1303 (2021).doi:10.1177/0967391120965387
J. Hu, J. Chen, S. Sundararaman, K. Chandrasekhara, and W. Chernicoff, “Analysis of composite hydrogen storage cylinders subjected to localized flame impingements”, Int J Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 33, No. 11, pp. 2738–2746 (2008). doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2008.03.012
M.A.M. Iqbal, Md.H. Ali, and Md. Fareed, “Design and stress analysis of FRP composite pressure vessel”, International Journal for Modern Trends in Science and Technology (IJMTST), Vol.2, Issue 2,pp.152-159 (2016).
H. Yousaf, M. Hamza, M. Sattar (2023). Design and analysis of acomposite pressurevessel.https://doi.org/10.36227/techrxiv.22979420.v1
A.C.Knoell, “Structural design and stress analysis program for advanced composite filament-wound axisymmetric pressure vessels /COMTANK/”, https://ntrs.nasa.gov/citations/19710016892
R. Wang, W. Jiao, W. Liu, and F. Yang, “A new method for predicting dome thickness of composite pressure vessels”, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 29, No. 22, pp. 3345–3352 (2010). doi: 10.1177/0731684410376330.
V.V. Vasiliev, A.A. Krikanov, and A.F. Razin, “New generation of filament-wound composite pressure vessels for commercial applications”, Compos Struct, Vol. 62, No. 3–4, pp.449–459 (2003).doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2003.09.019.
A.E. Pavan and K.S. Ahmed, “Effect of constituent shell thickness on burst pressure of composite overwrapped pressure vessel”, International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research (IJSER), Vol.9, Issue 5, pp.112-118 (2018).
Q. Zhang, H. Xu, X. Jia, L. Zu, S. Cheng, and H. Wang, “Design of a 70 MPa type IV hydrogen storage vessel using accurate modeling techniques for dome thickness prediction”, Compos Struct, vol. 236 (2020) 111915, doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2020.111915.
M. Radhika, K. Chandra Shekar, and G. V Rao, “Design, Fabrication and Testing of Composite Overwrapped Pressure Vessel for CNG Storage”,International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT), Vol. 3, Issue 12, pp. 136-138 (2014).
B. Shivamurthy, Siddaramaiah, and M. S. Prabhu swamy, “Design, fabrication, and testing of epoxy/ glass-reinforced pressure vessel for high-pressure gas storage”, Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites, Vol. 29, No. 15, pp. 2379–2386 (2010).doi: 10.1177/0731684409351169.
R. Ashok, R. Ranjith Kumar, and T. Rao, “Design and Analysis of CFRPcomposite multilayer high-pressurevessels andburst pressure analysis forvarious fiber orientation angles”, International Journal of Advanced Trends in Computer Science and Engineering, Vol. 2, No.1, pp. 602–607 (2013).
S. Kangal, O. Kartav, M. Tanoğlu, E. Aktaş, and H.S. Artem, “Investigation of interlayer hybridization effect on burst pressure performance of composite overwrapped pressure vessels with load-sharing metallic liner”, J Compos Mater, Vol. 54, No. 7, pp. 961–980 (2020).doi: 10.1177/0021998319870588.
M.K. Yeh and T.H. Liu, “Finite element analysis of graphite/epoxy composite pressure vessel”, Journal of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 7, pp.19–28 (2017).doi: 10.4236/msce.2017.57003.
R. Pramod, C. K. Krishnadasan, and N. Siva Shanmugam, “Design and finite element analysis of metal-elastomer lined composite over wrapped spherical pressure vessel”, Compos Struct, vol. 224 (2019)111028. doi: 10.1016/j.compstruct.2019.111028.
M. Nirbhay, S. Juneja, A. Dixit, R.K. Misra, S. Sharma,“Finite element analysis of all composite CNG cylinders”, Procedia Materials Science, Vol.10, pp.507-512 (2015).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mspro.2015.06.093
G. Park and C. Kim, “Composite layer design using classical laminate theory for high pressure hydrogen vessel (Type 4)”, International Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 571–583 (2023).doi: 10.1007/s12541-022-00752-w.
G.C. Kumar, M. Sagar, A.C.Baligidad, A.C. Maharudresh, N. Dayanand, “Analysis of composite pressure vessel and composite overwrapped pressure vessel by analytical and finite elemental approach”, materialstoday: Proceedings, Vol.50, Part 5, pp.1726-1731 (2022).https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matpr.2021.09.174
Z. Hu, M. Chen, and B. Pan, “Simulation and burst validation of 70 MPa type IV hydrogen storage vessel with dome reinforcement”, Int J Hydrogen Energy, Vol. 46, No. 46, pp. 23779–23794 (2021) doi: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2021.04.186.
E. Moskvichev, “Numerical modeling of stress-strain behavior of composite overwrapped pressure vessel”, Procedia Structural Integrity, Vol.2, pp. 2512–2518 (216). doi: 10.1016/j.prostr.2016.06.314.
H. Wang, S. Fu, Y. Chen, and L. Hua, “Thickness-prediction method involving tow redistribution for the dome of composite hydrogen storage vessels”, Polymers (Basel), Vol. 14, No. 5:905 (2022).doi: 10.3390/polym14050902.
A.P. Beena, M.K. Sundaresan and B. Nageswara Rao, “Destructive tests of 15CDV6 steel rocket motor cases and their application to lightweight design”, International Journal of Pressure Vessels & Piping, Vol.62, pp.313-320 (1995).
K. Jayakumar, D. Yadav and B. Nageswara Rao, “A multi-layer cylindrical shell under electro-thermo-mechanical loads”, Trends in Applied Sciences Research, Vol.1, No.4, pp.386-404 (2006).
Jayakumar Krishnankutty, “Piezo-laminated beams, plates and shell with random actuation electric potential difference and material properties”, Ph. D thesis, Department of Aerospace Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, India (December 2007)
P. Xu, J. Y. Zheng, and P. F. Liu, “Finite element analysis of burst pressure of composite hydrogen storage vessels”, Mater Des, Vol. 30, No. 7, pp. 2295–2301 (2009).doi: 10.1016/j.matdes.2009.03.006.
P.F. Liu and J.Y. Zheng, “Progressive failure analysis of carbon fiber/epoxy composite laminates using continuum damage mechanics”, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 485, No. 1–2, pp. 711–717 (2008). doi: 10.1016/j.msea.2008.02.023.
Madhujit Mukhopadhyay, “Mechanics of Composite Materials and Structures”, Universities Press (India) Private Limited, Hyderabad, India (2022).


Conference Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 08
Received November 28, 2023
Accepted December 30, 2023
Published February 1, 2024