Hybrid Supercapacitor Application for Future E-mobility

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume :10 | : 1 | Page : 50-64
By

    Amit Pal

  1. Manish Mishra

  2. Amrish K. Panwar

  1. Research Scholar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India
  2. Professor, Mechanical Engineering, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India
  3. Assistant Professor, Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India

Abstract

With the rise in demand for automobiles, there is an increase in pollution levels and global warming since the past decade, there is a strong need for an alternative mode of commuting like Electric vehicles against conventional gasoline/diesel-powered vehicles to safeguard the planet and its flora and fauna. Battery technology like lithium-ion and others has already revolutionized the automotive world, but there is a limitation of fast charging, operating temperature range, and low cycle life due
to degradation in the battery because of chemical reactions associated with each charge and discharge cycle. This aging or degradation minimizes operating life, slow charge/discharge process due to electrochemical reactions involved, low safety rating, usage of rare earth elements like cobalt,
nickel, and lithium, etc. contributed to the extraordinary cost of LIBs system. These factors are major challenges that are hindering electric vehicle acceptance widely. Against other energy storage devices, supercapacitors and BSHs can be the potential alternatives in the domain of energy storage systems for future mobility which can address all the battery concerns. However, low specific energy is the prime concern that is required to optimize to maximize the higher range of EVs. This paper deals with types of supercapacitors and battery-type super hybrid capacitors (BSHs), it’s working, along with factors influencing specific energy of supercapacitor/BSHs by improving specific capacitance and their operating voltage, also the adoption of alternate biodegradable, abundant materials for bringing down the cost of BSHs. The main goal of the study is to present BSHs as the
best alternative for future mobility, having the best of LIBs and supercapacitor benefits, also brief information about the scope for the usage of alternate materials for electrodes and electrolytes for offsetting the higher cost of raw materials like lithium, graphene, etc.

Keywords: Specific energy, specific capacitance, operating voltage, BSHs, LIBs

This article belongs to Conference RAMMTE-2022: Recent Advances in Materials, Manufacturing and Thermal Engineering

How to cite this article: Amit Pal, Manish Mishra, Amrish K. Panwar , Hybrid Supercapacitor Application for Future E-mobility jopc 2023; 10:50-64
How to cite this URL: Amit Pal, Manish Mishra, Amrish K. Panwar , Hybrid Supercapacitor Application for Future E-mobility jopc 2023 {cited 2023 Jan 23};10:50-64. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2023/view=96789

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Conference Open Access Original Research
Volume 10
1
Received August 27, 2022
Accepted November 25, 2022
Published January 23, 2023