Study of Electrochemical and Mechanical Properties of Graphene/HAp Composite Coating on Ti-13Nb-13Zr Alloy via Electrophoretic Deposition for Biomedical Application

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 02 | Page : 91-106
By

    Nabeel Mohammed Abd Alkadim

  1. Professor, University of Babylon, College of Materials Engineering, Hilla, Iraq

Abstract

Titanium-13niobium-13zirconium alloy has widespread potential in biomedical applications due to its high degree of biocompatibility, favourable mechanical properties, high corrosion resistance, and high possibility of osseointegration. The surface was improved by electrophoretic deposition method using hydroxyapatite and graphene (5 g nanoHAp) (5 g nanoHAp+0.06 nanoGr) and suspended in ethanol solution at different conditions of time (1, 3, and 7 minutes) and voltage (50, 70, and 100 V). The effect of the two suspended materials on the surface of the Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy was studied by using the tests of visual observation, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and the weight and thickness of the coating layer to know the homogeneity of the coating layer, and adhesion testing, contact angle, wear test and electrochemical tests in addition to X-ray diffraction. The results showed that the addition of graphene led to the stability of the coating layer thickness with deposition time in contrast to the voltage and an improvement in the adhesion, which increased from 0.91 to 3.03 compared to adding hydroxyapatite only. The corrosion strength was improved from 76% for hydroxyapatite coating at 1 minute and 70 V to 95% for graphene-hydroxyapatite coating under the same conditions. When tested for wear, lower volume loss is evident for the graphene-hydroxyapatite coating compared to the hydroxyapatite coating under the same condition.

Keywords: Corrosion behaviour, electrophoretic deposition, Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy, hydroxyapatite, graphene

This article belongs to Special Issue Conference Material Science and Nanotechnology

How to cite this article: Nabeel Mohammed Abd Alkadim Study of Electrochemical and Mechanical Properties of Graphene/HAp Composite Coating on Ti-13Nb-13Zr Alloy via Electrophoretic Deposition for Biomedical Application jopc 2023; 11:91-106
How to cite this URL: Nabeel Mohammed Abd Alkadim Study of Electrochemical and Mechanical Properties of Graphene/HAp Composite Coating on Ti-13Nb-13Zr Alloy via Electrophoretic Deposition for Biomedical Application jopc 2023 {cited 2023 Apr 18};11:91-106. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2023/view=111783

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Fitriyana DF, Nugraha FW, Laroybafih MB, Ismail R, Bayuseno AP, Muhamadin RC, Siregar JP. The effect of hydroxyapatite concentration on the mechanical properties and degradation rate of biocomposite for biomedical applications. IOP Conf Ser Earth Environ Sci. 2022; 969 (1): 012045. 2. Nicholson JW. Titanium alloys for dental implants: a review. Prosthesis. 2020; 2 (2): 100–116. 3. Kumar P, Mahobia GS, Singh V, Chattopadhyay K. Lowering of elastic modulus in the near-beta Ti–13Nb–13Zr alloy through heat treatment. Mater Sci Technol. 2020; 36 (6): 717–725. 4. Ossowska A, Zieliński A, Olive JM, Wojtowicz A, Szweda P. Influence of two-stage anodization on properties of the oxide coatings on the Ti–13Nb–13Zr alloy. Coatings. 2020; 10 (8): 707. 5. Amani H, Arzaghi H, Bayandori M, Dezfuli AS, Pazoki‐Toroudi H, Shafiee A, Moradi L. Controlling cell behavior through the design of biomaterial surfaces: a focus on surface modification techniques. Adv Mater Interfaces. 2019; 6 (13): 1900572. 6. Hu S, Li W, Finklea H, Liu X. A review of electrophoretic deposition of metal oxides and its application in solid oxide fuel cells. Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 2020; 276: 102102. 7. Akhtar MA, Mariotti CE, Conti B, Boccaccini AR. Electrophoretic deposition of ferulic acid loaded bioactive glass/chitosan as antibacterial and bioactive composite coatings. Surf Coatings Technol. 2021; 405: 126657;. 8. Sikkema R, Baker K, Zhitomirsky I. Electrophoretic deposition of polymers and proteins for biomedical applications. Adv Colloid Interface Sci. 2020; 284: 102272. 9. Venkatesan J, Anil S. Hydroxyapatite derived from marine resources and their potential biomedical applications. Biotechnol Bioprocess Eng. 2021; 26 (3): 312–324. 10. Sivasankari S, Kalaivizhi R, Gowriboy N, Ganesh MR, Shazia Anjum M. Hydroxyapatite integrated with cellulose acetate/polyetherimide composite membrane for biomedical applications. Polym Composites. 2021; 42 (10): 5512–5526. 11. Rashad M, Pan F, Tang A, Lu Y, Asif M, Hussain S, Mao J. Effect of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs) addition on strength and ductility of magnesium-titanium alloys. J Magnesium Alloys. 2013; 1 (3): 242–248. 12. Huang SM, Liu SM, Ko CL, Chen WC. Advances of hydroxyapatite hybrid organic composite used as drug or protein carriers for biomedical applications: a review. Polymers. 2022; 14 (5): 976. 13. Nesovic K, Abudabbus MM, Rhee KY, Miskovic-Stankovic V. Graphene based composite hydrogel for biomedical applications. Croat Chem Acta. 2017; 90 (2): D1. 14. Bartmanski M, Cieslik B, Glodowska J, Kalka P, Pawlowski L, Pieper M, Zielinski A. Electrophoretic deposition (EPD) of nanohydroxyapatite-nanosilver coatings on Ti13Zr13Nb alloy. Ceram Int. 2017; 43 (15): 11820–11829. 15. Moskalewicz T, Zimowski S, Zych A, Łukaszczyk A, Reczyńska K, Pamuła E. Electrophoretic deposition, microstructure and selected properties of composite alumina/polyetheretherketone coatings on the Ti-13Nb-13Zr alloy. J Electrochem Soc. 2018; 165 (3): D116. 16. Singh S, Singh G, Bala N. Electrophoretic deposition of hydroxyapatite-iron oxide-chitosan composite coatings on Ti–13Nb–13Zr alloy for biomedical applications. Thin Solid Films. 2020; 697: 137801. 17. Abd Alkadim NM, Salman JM. Study the corrosion behavior and microstructure of Ti-5Al-2.5 Fe-xMo alloys for biomedical applications. ARPN J Eng Appl Sci. 2019; 14 (1): 227–239. 18. Haruna K, Saleh TA. N,N′-bis-(2-aminoethyl) piperazine functionalized graphene oxide (NAEP-GO) as an effective green corrosion inhibitor for a simulated acidizing environment. J Environ Chem Eng. 2021; 9 (1): 104967. 19. Singh A, Dayu X, Ituen E, Ansari K, Quraishi MA, Kaya S, Lin Y. Tobacco extracted from the discarded cigarettes as an inhibitor of copper and zinc corrosion in an ASTM standard D1141-98 artificial seawater solution. J Mater Res Technol. 2020; 9 (3): 5161–5173. 20. ASTM. Standard Test Method for Wear Testing with a Pin-on-Disk Apparatus. Wear. 2010; 5: 1–5. 21. Kumari S, Tiyyagura HR, Pottathara YB, Sadasivuni KK, Ponnamma D, Douglas TEL, Skirtach AG, Mohan MK. Surface functionalization of chitosan as a coating material for orthopaedic applications: a comprehensive review. Carbohydr Polym. 2021; 255: 117487. 22. Cvijović-Alagić I, Cvijović Z, Mitrović S, Panić V, Rakin M. Wear and corrosion behaviour of Ti–13Nb–13Zr and Ti–6Al–4V alloys in simulated physiological solution. Corros Sci. 2011; 53 (2): 796–808. 23. Kumbhalkar MA, Rangari DT, Pawar RD, Phadtare RA, Raut KR, Nagre AN. Finite element analysis of knee joint with special emphasis on patellar implant. In: Akinlabi E, Ramkumar P, Selvaraj M, editors. Trends in Mechanical and Biomedical Design. Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering. Singapore: Springer; 2021. pp. 319–333. doi: 10.1007/978-981-15-4488-0_29 24. Kumbhalkar MA, Rambhad KS, Nand Jee K. An insight into biomechanical study for replacement of knee joint. Mater Today Proc. 2021; 47 (Part 11): 2957–2965. doi: 10.1016/j.matpr.2021.05.202.


Conference Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 02
Received December 8, 2022
Accepted January 31, 2023
Published April 18, 2023