Water Quality Index Assessment of the Groundwater of Industrial Area and Absorption by Polymer Composites

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 01 | Page : 36-45
By

    Dasari Sravani

  1. Associate Professor, Aditya College of Engineering and Technology, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

Introduction: Water plays a pivotal role in the existence of human life. Water quality index is an important parameter that helps in improving the quality of drinking and groundwater. Due to anthropogenic activities, the quality of ground and drinking water is decreased. Objective: The main objective of research is to find the water quality index of the groundwater and bore water in selected industrial area of Kakinada and analyse the use of polymer composites for desalination and water treatment. Results: The research results revealed that at sampling sites S-1, S-2 and S-3, water quality index is less than 100, which is considered as poor quality of drinking water. At sites S-4 to S- 12, the water quality index is greater than 100, which is not suitable for drinking. Conclusion: The water quality index observed at various stations shows that water at some places is not fit for drinking. Index at sites S-1, S-2 and S-3 is below 100 (very poor quality) and sites S4 to S12 water is more polluted and unfit for drinking. The groundwater needs to be protected from pollution and government need to take necessary measures to improve the quality of groundwater. Cyclodextrin polymer composites are effective for removal of hardness and desalination.

Keywords: Water, water quality index, groundwater, drinking water, polymer composites

This article belongs to Special Issue Conference International Conference on Innovative, Sustainable Materials and Technologies (ICISMT-2022)

How to cite this article: Dasari Sravani Water Quality Index Assessment of the Groundwater of Industrial Area and Absorption by Polymer Composites jopc 2023; 11:36-45
How to cite this URL: Dasari Sravani Water Quality Index Assessment of the Groundwater of Industrial Area and Absorption by Polymer Composites jopc 2023 {cited 2023 May 18};11:36-45. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2023/view=111515

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Négrel P, Petelet-Giraud E, Barbier J, Gautier E. Surface water–groundwater interactions in an alluvial plain: chemical and isotopic systematics. J Hydrol. 2003; 277 (3–4): 248–267.

2. Mostaza-Colado D, Carreño-Conde F, Rasines-Ladero R, Iepure S. Hydrogeochemical characterization of a shallow alluvial aquifer: 1 baseline for groundwater quality assessment and resource management. Sci Total Environ. 2018; 639: 1110–1125.

3. Yue X, Jiang F, Zhang D, Lin H, Chen Y. Preparation of adsorbent based on cotton fiber for removal of dyes. Fibers Polym. 2017; 18 (11): 2102–2110.

4. Dutta N, Thakur BK, Nurujjaman M, Debnath K, Bal DP. An assessment of the water quality index (WQI) of drinking water in the Eastern Himalayas of South Sikkim, India. Groundwater Sustain Dev. 2022; 17: 100735.

5. Sravani D, Mrudula Devi K, Ramya Harika Ch. Assessment of ground water quality from industrial area of East Godavari region. Int J Sci Technol Eng. 2018; 5 (6): 35–39.

6. Akkaraboyina MK, Raju B. A comparative study of water quality indices of river Godavari. Int J Eng Res Dev. 2012; 2 (3): 29–34.

7. Caldera F, Nisticò R, Magnacca G, Matencio A, Khazaei Monfared Y, Trotta F. Magnetic composites of dextrin-based carbonate nanosponges and iron oxide nanoparticles with potential application in targeted drug delivery. Nanomaterials. 2022; 12 (5): 754.

8. Chatterjee C, Raziuddin M. Determination of water quality index (WQI) of a degraded river in Asansol industrial area (West Bengal). Nat Environ Pollut Technol. 2002;1 (2): 181–189.

9. Akakuru OC, Eze CU, Okeke OC, Opara AI, Usman AO, Iheme O, Ibeneme SI, Iwuoha PO. Hydrogeochemical evolution, water quality indices, irrigation suitability and pollution index of groundwater (PIG) around eastern Niger Delta, Nigeria. Int J Energy Water Resour. 2022; 6: 389–411.

10. Elbeltagi A, Pande CB, Kouadri S, Islam AR. Applications of various data-driven models for the prediction of groundwater quality index in the Akot basin, Maharashtra, India. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2022; 29 (12): 17591–17605.

11. Sunitha V, Reddy BM. Geochemical characterization, deciphering groundwater quality using pollution index of groundwater (PIG), water quality index (WQI) and geographical information system (GIS) in hard rock aquifer, South India. Appl Water Sci. 2022; 12 (3): Article 41.

12. Zhou Y, Hu Y, Huang W, Cheng G, Cui C, Lu J. A novel amphoteric β-cyclodextrin-based adsorbent for simultaneous removal of cationic/anionic dyes and bisphenol A. Chem Eng J. 2018; 341: 47–57.

13. Huang W, Hu Y, Li Y, Zhou Y, Niu D, Lei Z, Zhang Z. Citric acid-crosslinked β-cyclodextrin for simultaneous removal of bisphenol A, methylene blue and copper: the roles of cavity and surface functional groups. J Taiwan Inst Chem Eng. 2018; 82: 189–197.
14. Li Y, Zhou Y, Zhou Y, Lei J, Pu S. Cyclodextrin modified filter paper for removal of cationic dyes/Cu ions from aqueous solutions. Water Sci Technol. 2018; 78 (12): 2553–2563.


Conference Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 01
Received December 21, 2022
Accepted March 19, 2023
Published May 18, 2023