Flow Structures Around Proposed Bridge Piers

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume : 11 | Special Issue : 01 | Page : 14-21
By

    Laxmi Narayana Pasupuleti

  1. Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Aditya Engineering College, Andhra Pradesh, India

Abstract

The current study investigated the flow hydrodynamics around proposed bridge pier and made comparison with existing bridge pier. To quantify the flow structures around the piers, the flow and turbulence parameters are analysed to understand the interference of one bridge pier over another. The experiments were performed on recirculating channel of 15 m length, 0.89 m width and 0.65 m height. Instantaneous three-dimensional velocity data was recorded by acoustic Doppler velocimeter at different radial planes α = 0°, 45°, 90°, 135° and 180° around the piers of both the bridges, where the distance (centre to centre) was maintained two times the diameter of pier (d = 8.8 cm). The flow structures, velocity fields, vector patterns, distributions of turbulence fields are analysed around the
piers. The results of planned bridge pier are compared with existing one under identical flow in the clear waters. The results from the current study reveal that the flow velocity was decreased by 30% of the mean flow velocity at α = 180°. Further, the turbulence was significantly reduced around the proposed bridge pier with respect to existing, due to sheltering effect imposed by the front pier. Turbulence intensities, turbulent kinetic energy and Reynolds shear stresses are decreased by 30%, 40% and 30%, respectively. Due to the horseshoe vortex, strength is reduced by 30% around new pier vis-à-vis the old one. The present study recommends that the placement of new bridge pier should be 2 to 3 times the diameter of the pier to avoid more scouring.

Keywords: Proposed bridge, vector fields, turbulence intensity, Reynolds shear stresses, local scour

This article belongs to Special Issue Conference Material Science and Nanotechnology

How to cite this article: Laxmi Narayana Pasupuleti Flow Structures Around Proposed Bridge Piers jopc 2023; 11:14-21
How to cite this URL: Laxmi Narayana Pasupuleti Flow Structures Around Proposed Bridge Piers jopc 2023 {cited 2023 Jun 19};11:14-21. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jopc/article=2023/view=111485

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Conference Open Access Original Research
Volume 11
Special Issue 01
Received December 21, 2022
Accepted March 19, 2023
Published June 19, 2023