Utilization Waste Products as Reinforcement in Development of Composite Material: A Review

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By [foreach 286]u00a0

u00a0Prashant Sharma,

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nAbstract

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In the modern world, businesses are responsible for producing a diverse range of waste products. Rice husks and eggshells are two examples of wastes that fall into this category. Both of these types of garbage are responsible for contributing to pollution in a variety of distinct ways. Eggshell, which is a common consequence of industrial operations, is one of the most significant contributors to the contamination of soil. This is due to the fact that eggshell is a normal byproduct. Rice husk ash (RHA) is made up of waste products and byproducts that are generated by the agriculture industry. In this research, eggshell and RHA are used in concrete to enhance mechanical properties. Composites can have their reinforcing by weight percentage changed to boost their tensile and shear strengths. It has been asserted that RHA and eggshell can both be used with aluminium alloy in a variety of ways.

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Volume :u00a0u00a010 | Issue :u00a0u00a03 | Received :u00a0u00a0October 3, 2022 | Accepted :u00a0u00a0October 28, 2022 | Published :u00a0u00a0November 20, 2023n[if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”][This article belongs to Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)] [/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”][This article belongs to Special Issue Utilization Waste Products as Reinforcement in Development of Composite Material: A Review under section in Journal of Polymer and Composites(jopc)] [/if 424]
Keywords Waste products eggshell, rice husk ash, stir-casting process, mechanical properties, composite materials

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References

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  1. Hassan SB, Aigbodion VS. Effects of eggshell on the microstructures and properties of Al–Cu–Mg/eggshell particulate composites. J King Saud Univ. 2015;27:49-56.
  2. Toro P, Quijada R, Yazdani-Pedram M, Arias JL. Eggshell, a new bio-filler for polypropylene composites, MALLET 61 (2007). p. 4347-50.
  3. Chen X, Li C, Wang J, Li J, Luan X, Li Y et al. Investigation on solar photocatalytic activity of TiO2 loaded composite: TiO2/Eggshell, TiO2/Clamshell and TiO2/CaCO3. Materials Letters. 2010;64(13):1437-40. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2010.03.048.
  4. Ramli Sulong NH, Yew MK, Amalina MA, Johan MR, Eggshell: a novel bio-filler intumescent flame retardant coating, Organ. Coat. M.C. yew. 2015;81:116-24.
  5. Bootklad M, Kaewtatip K. Biodegradation of thermoplastic starch/eggshell powder composites. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;97(2):315-20. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.05.030.
  6. Hassan TA, Rangari VK, Rana RK, Jeelani S. Sonochemical effect on size reduction of CaCO3 nanoparticles derived from waste eggshells. Ultrason Sonochem. 2013;20(5):1308-15. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.01.016.
  7. Zhang J, Tan J, Tang W, Zhao Xilu, Zhu Y. Experimental and numerical collapse properties of externally pressurized egg-shaped shells under local geometrical imperfections, IJPVP 2019. doi: 10.1016/j. ijpvp.2019.04.006.
  8. Blachut J, Jaiswal OR. On buckling of toroidal shells under external pressure, Pergoman. 1999;77:233-51.
  9. Amu OO, Fajobi AB, Oke BO. Effect of eggshell powder on the stabilizing potential of lime on the expensive clay soil. J Appl Sci. 2005;5(8):1474-8. doi: 10.3923/jas.2005.1474.1478.
  10. Ayawanna J, Kingnoi N, Laorodphan N. A feasibility study of eggshell-derived porous glass–ceramic orbital implants. Mater Lett. 2019;241:39-42. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2019.01.040.
  11. Chaithanyasaia A, Vakchorea PR, Umasankara V. The micro structural and mechanical property study of effects of eggshell particles on the aluminum 6061. Procedia Eng. 2014;57:961-7.
  12. Khai ETS. Engineering properties of light weight foamed concrete with 7.5% eggshell as partial cement replacement, MATLETS. 2015;16:898-908.
  13. Hincke MT, Nys Y, Gautron J, Mann K, Rodriguez-Navarro AB, McKee MD. The eggshell: structure, composition and mineralization. Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2012;17(4):1266-80. doi: 10.2741/3985.
  14. Hunt JR, Voisey PW. Physical properties of eggshells, Animal Inst. Res. 1966 1398-404.
  15. Anumol S, Moideen F, Jose JK, Abraham A, Studies on improvement of clayey soil using egg shell powder and quarry dust. IJERA 4. Anu Paul. 2014;V:55-63.
  16. Yu-Xing L, Gui-Qin J, Xi-Wen H, Lang-Xing C, Yu-Kui Z. Preparation and application of core-shell structural carbon nanotubes-molecularly imprinted composite material for determination of nafcillin in egg samples LIU. Chin J Anal Chem. 2013;241:161-6.
  17. Lunge S, Thakre D, Kamble S, Labhsetwar N, Rayalu S. Alumina supported carbon composite material with exceptionally high defluoridation property from eggshell waste. J Hazard Mater. 2012;237-238:161-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.08.023.
  18. Mittal A, Teotia M, Soni RK, Mittal J. Applications of egg shell and egg shell membrane as adsorbents: a review. J Mol Liq. 2016;223:376-87. doi: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.08.065.
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By  

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      Prashant Sharma

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    1. Assistant Professor,Department of Civil Engineering, GLA University Mathura,Uttar Pradesh,India

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Abstract

nIn the modern world, businesses are responsible for producing a diverse range of waste products. Rice husks and eggshells are two examples of wastes that fall into this category. Both of these types of garbage are responsible for contributing to pollution in a variety of distinct ways. Eggshell, which is a common consequence of industrial operations, is one of the most significant contributors to the contamination of soil. This is due to the fact that eggshell is a normal byproduct. Rice husk ash (RHA) is made up of waste products and byproducts that are generated by the agriculture industry. In this research, eggshell and RHA are used in concrete to enhance mechanical properties. Composites can have their reinforcing by weight percentage changed to boost their tensile and shear strengths. It has been asserted that RHA and eggshell can both be used with aluminium alloy in a variety of ways.n

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Keywords: Waste products eggshell, rice husk ash, stir-casting process, mechanical properties, composite materials

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https://storage.googleapis.com/journals-stmjournals-com-wp-media-to-gcp-offload/2023/04/cdbb8ba1-s46-s56-utilization-waste-products-as-reinforcement-in-development-of-composite-materia.pdf

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References

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  1. Hassan SB, Aigbodion VS. Effects of eggshell on the microstructures and properties of Al–Cu–Mg/eggshell particulate composites. J King Saud Univ. 2015;27:49-56.
  2. Toro P, Quijada R, Yazdani-Pedram M, Arias JL. Eggshell, a new bio-filler for polypropylene composites, MALLET 61 (2007). p. 4347-50.
  3. Chen X, Li C, Wang J, Li J, Luan X, Li Y et al. Investigation on solar photocatalytic activity of TiO2 loaded composite: TiO2/Eggshell, TiO2/Clamshell and TiO2/CaCO3. Materials Letters. 2010;64(13):1437-40. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2010.03.048.
  4. Ramli Sulong NH, Yew MK, Amalina MA, Johan MR, Eggshell: a novel bio-filler intumescent flame retardant coating, Organ. Coat. M.C. yew. 2015;81:116-24.
  5. Bootklad M, Kaewtatip K. Biodegradation of thermoplastic starch/eggshell powder composites. Carbohydr Polym. 2013;97(2):315-20. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2013.05.030.
  6. Hassan TA, Rangari VK, Rana RK, Jeelani S. Sonochemical effect on size reduction of CaCO3 nanoparticles derived from waste eggshells. Ultrason Sonochem. 2013;20(5):1308-15. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2013.01.016.
  7. Zhang J, Tan J, Tang W, Zhao Xilu, Zhu Y. Experimental and numerical collapse properties of externally pressurized egg-shaped shells under local geometrical imperfections, IJPVP 2019. doi: 10.1016/j. ijpvp.2019.04.006.
  8. Blachut J, Jaiswal OR. On buckling of toroidal shells under external pressure, Pergoman. 1999;77:233-51.
  9. Amu OO, Fajobi AB, Oke BO. Effect of eggshell powder on the stabilizing potential of lime on the expensive clay soil. J Appl Sci. 2005;5(8):1474-8. doi: 10.3923/jas.2005.1474.1478.
  10. Ayawanna J, Kingnoi N, Laorodphan N. A feasibility study of eggshell-derived porous glass–ceramic orbital implants. Mater Lett. 2019;241:39-42. doi: 10.1016/j.matlet.2019.01.040.
  11. Chaithanyasaia A, Vakchorea PR, Umasankara V. The micro structural and mechanical property study of effects of eggshell particles on the aluminum 6061. Procedia Eng. 2014;57:961-7.
  12. Khai ETS. Engineering properties of light weight foamed concrete with 7.5% eggshell as partial cement replacement, MATLETS. 2015;16:898-908.
  13. Hincke MT, Nys Y, Gautron J, Mann K, Rodriguez-Navarro AB, McKee MD. The eggshell: structure, composition and mineralization. Front Biosci (Landmark Ed). 2012;17(4):1266-80. doi: 10.2741/3985.
  14. Hunt JR, Voisey PW. Physical properties of eggshells, Animal Inst. Res. 1966 1398-404.
  15. Anumol S, Moideen F, Jose JK, Abraham A, Studies on improvement of clayey soil using egg shell powder and quarry dust. IJERA 4. Anu Paul. 2014;V:55-63.
  16. Yu-Xing L, Gui-Qin J, Xi-Wen H, Lang-Xing C, Yu-Kui Z. Preparation and application of core-shell structural carbon nanotubes-molecularly imprinted composite material for determination of nafcillin in egg samples LIU. Chin J Anal Chem. 2013;241:161-6.
  17. Lunge S, Thakre D, Kamble S, Labhsetwar N, Rayalu S. Alumina supported carbon composite material with exceptionally high defluoridation property from eggshell waste. J Hazard Mater. 2012;237-238:161-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.08.023.
  18. Mittal A, Teotia M, Soni RK, Mittal J. Applications of egg shell and egg shell membrane as adsorbents: a review. J Mol Liq. 2016;223:376-87. doi: 10.1016/j.molliq.2016.08.065.
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  20. Sonker N, Bajpai AKJ, Bajpai AM. Facile synthesis and characterization of iron oxide–egg albumin (IOEA) as core-shell nanoparticles and study of water intake potential, NANO-Struct. Nano-Obj. 2017;14:1-10.
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Volume 10
Issue 3
Received October 3, 2022
Accepted October 28, 2022
Published November 20, 2023

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