Effect of Particle Size of Sand on the Interface Shear Behavior of Sand and Non-woven Geotextile

Open Access

Year : 2021 | Volume : | Issue : 3 | Page : 44-54
By

    Mahmud Sazzad

  1. Rima Parvin

  1. Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, Rajshahi University of Engineering & Technology, , Bangladesh
  2. Lecturer, Department of Civil Engineering, Bangladeshi Army University of Science and Technology, , Bangladesh

Abstract

Soil-geosynthetic interface is the weakest zone for shear failure. It is influenced by size, shape, density and water content of sand. It is also influenced by the properties of geosynthetic such as texture and structure. This paper explores the influence of the size of sand on the behavior of sand-geotextile interface. Three types of sands namely coarse, medium and fine sand and non-woven geotextile were used in this study. Several interface direct shear tests on these materials were performed using a direct shear box modified for interface testing. The test results depict that the peak interfacial friction angles between the sand particles and geosynthetic material (geotextile) depend on the relative size of sand particles. The interfacial friction angle for fine sand is higher than that of the coarse sand with the non-woven geotextile. Interfacial strength efficiency of fine sand is 19.45% greater than that of coarse sand and is 11.38% greater than that of medium sand for the same type of geosynthetic material. Interfacial friction angle between sand and non-woven geotextile is 0.70 to 0.90 times of sand to sand friction angle for dry condition.

Keywords: Size of sand, interfacial friction angle, sand-geotextile interface, direct shear test

[This article belongs to Journal of Geotechnical Engineering(joge)]

How to cite this article: Mahmud Sazzad, Rima Parvin Effect of Particle Size of Sand on the Interface Shear Behavior of Sand and Non-woven Geotextile joge 2021; 8:44-54
How to cite this URL: Mahmud Sazzad, Rima Parvin Effect of Particle Size of Sand on the Interface Shear Behavior of Sand and Non-woven Geotextile joge 2021 {cited 2021 Nov 30};8:44-54. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/joge/article=2021/view=90187

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Yetimoglu T, Salbas O. A study on shear strength of sands reinforced with randomly distributed discrete fibers. Geotextiles and Geomembranes. 2003; 21(2):103–10p.
2. Palmeira EM. Soil-geosynthetic interaction: Modelling and analysis. Geotextiles and Geomembranes. 2009; 27(5):368–90p.
3. Lee KM, Manjunath VR. Soil-geotextile interface friction by direct shear tests. Canadian Geotechnical Journal. 2000; 37(1): 238-52p.
4. Anubhav, Basudhar PK. Interface behavior of woven geotextile with rounded and angular particle sand. Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering. 2013; 25(12):1970–74p.
5. Tuna SC, Altun S. Mechanical behaviour of sand-geotextile interface. Scientia Iranica, 2012; 19(4): 1044–51p.
6. Vangla P, Gali ML. Effect of particle size of sand and surface asperities of reinforcement on their interface shear behaviour. Geotextiles and Geomembranes. 2016; 44(3): 254–68p.
7. Ebadi M, Habibagahi G, Hataf N. Effect of cement treatment on soil non-woven geotextile interface. Scientia Iranica. 2015; 22(1):69–80p.
8. ASTM D5321. Standard Test Method for Determining the Shear Strength of Soil-Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic-Geosynthetic Interfaces by Direct Shear. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2017.
9. Wu W, Wick H, Ferstl F, et al. A tilt table device for testing geosynthetic interfaces in centrifuge. Geotextiles and Geomembranes. 2008; 26(1):31–38p.
10. ASTM D422. Standard Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 1998.
11. ASTM D 5261. Standard Test Method for Measuring Mass per Unit Area of Geotextiles. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 1992.
12. ASTM D 5199. Standard Test Method for Measuring the Nominal Thickness of Geosynthetics. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2001.
13. ASTM D 5035. Standard Breaking Force and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Strip Method). ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2006.
14. ASTM D 4632. Standard Test Method for Grab Breaking Load and Elongation of Geotextile. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2008.
15. ASTM D 6241. Standard Test Method for Static Puncture Strength of Geotextiles and Geotextile- Related Products Using a 50-mm Probe. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2014.
16. ASTM D 4757. Standard Practice for Placarding Solvent Vapor Degreasers. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 1998.
17. ASTM D 4491. Standard Test Methods for Water Permeability of Geotextiles by Permittivity. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 1999.
18. ASTM D 3080. Standard Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soil. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2004.
19. ASTM D 5321. Standard Test Method for Determining the Shear Strength of Soil-Geosynthetic and Geosynthetic-Geosynthetic interfaces by direct Shear. ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA; 2008.
20. Ouria A, Mahmoudi A. Laboratory and numerical modeling of strip footing on geotextile-reinforced sand with cement-treated interface. Geotextiles and Geomembranes. 2018; 46(1): 29– 39p.
21. Palmeira EM. Sixth Géotechnique symposium in print, discussion on ‘direct shear tests and reinforced sand. Géotech. 1988; 38(1):146–48.
22. Takasumi DL, Green KR, Holtz RD. Soil-geosynthetic interface strength characteristics: A review of state-of-the-art testing procedures. Proc. Geosynthetics’91; 1991, Industrial Fabrics Association International, St. Paul, MN, 1991, 87–100p.


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 8
Issue 3
Received September 21, 2021
Accepted October 9, 2021
Published November 30, 2021