Detection of Stator and Rotor Winding Faults in Induction Motor using Park’s Vector Approach

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume :12 | Issue : 1 | Page : 6-15

    Kuldeep Kumar Swarnkar

  1. J.N. Rai

  2. Sulochana Wadhwani

  1. Ph.D. Scholar, Delhi Technological University Delhi, , India
  2. Professor, Delhi Technological University Delhi, DelhiProfessor, India
  3. Professor, Madhav Institute of Technology & Science Gwalior, , India


The Induction Motors in every rotating machine’s heart and it’s a very important component in a much. Almost 90 percent of the Induction Motor use in industry as a prime mover. So Induction Motor is necessary to Condition Monitoring for Economic Running Cost. Condition Based Monitoring of Induction Motor has become an important and difficult task for Engineers and Researchers mainly in Industrial applications. Several Condition Monitoring Methods (Technique) including Motor Current Signature Analysis Monitoring, Vibration Monitoring, Acoustic Emission Monitoring, Stray Flux Analysis, Shock Pulse Monitoring, Instantaneous Output Power Variation Analysis, Thermograph but all of these techniques required expensive specialized tools and sensors where Motor Current Signature Analysis method does not necessary any expensive sensors. The Motor Current Signature Analysis technique helps to effectively diagnose faults such as Rotor and Stator winding, Unbalanced Voltage and Load Fault are all examples of faults. The Stator Current Park’s vector analysis is an easy and popular methodology for online discerns between healthy condition and faulty condition Induction Motors and it also tells about different faults. In this paper, Park’s vector Patterns of 3- phase stator current is analyzed for Stator and Rotor winging Fault of Induction Motor. In the presence of multiple faults, the current in the supply stator contains sideband components, causing the circular pattern to be distorted. A three-phase induction motor with 7.5 HP was used to test this technique. The simulation result validated the experimental analysis.

Keywords: Stator Current Park’s vector Approach, Analysis of Motor Current Signature, Stator and Rotor winging Fault.

[This article belongs to Journal of Control & Instrumentation(joci)]

How to cite this article: Kuldeep Kumar Swarnkar, J.N. Rai, Sulochana Wadhwani , Detection of Stator and Rotor Winding Faults in Induction Motor using Park’s Vector Approach joci 2023; 12:6-15
How to cite this URL: Kuldeep Kumar Swarnkar, J.N. Rai, Sulochana Wadhwani , Detection of Stator and Rotor Winding Faults in Induction Motor using Park’s Vector Approach joci 2023 {cited 2023 May 20};12:6-15. Available from:

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Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 12
Issue 1
Received May 13, 2021
Accepted May 20, 2021
Published May 20, 2023