Optimizing Concrete Strength and Sustainability: Quarry Dust and Copper Slag Powder Additives

Year : 2024 | Volume :14 | Issue : 01 | Page : 1-6
By

Naveen Sharma

Harsh Rathore

  1. Student Sanjeev Agarwal Global Educational University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh India
  2. Assistant Professor Sanjeev Agarwal Global Educational University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh India

Abstract

This research investigates the potential of quarry dust and copper slag powder additives to enhance the
strength and performance of concrete. Compressive strength tests were conducted on mortar cubes at 7
and 28 days to evaluate the effects of these additives. The results indicate significant improvements in
compressive strength over time, with Mix A4 achieving a remarkable 43.42% increase in strength at 28
days. Other mixes also demonstrated substantial strength gains, highlighting the effectiveness of quarry
dust and copper slag powder additives in promoting both early and long-term strength development.
These findings contribute to the advancement of sustainable and high-performance concrete materials,
offering insights into their practical application in construction projects.

Keywords: Quarry dust, copper slag powder, concrete additives, compressive strength, sustainable concrete, high-performance concrete

[This article belongs to Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management(jocetm)]

How to cite this article: Naveen Sharma, Harsh Rathore. Optimizing Concrete Strength and Sustainability: Quarry Dust and Copper Slag Powder Additives. Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management. 2024; 14(01):1-6.
How to cite this URL: Naveen Sharma, Harsh Rathore. Optimizing Concrete Strength and Sustainability: Quarry Dust and Copper Slag Powder Additives. Journal of Construction Engineering, Technology & Management. 2024; 14(01):1-6. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jocetm/article=2024/view=135144





References

1. Douglas, E, Bilodeau, A & Malhotra, VM 1992, ‘Properties and durability of alkali-activated slag
concrete’, American Concrete Institute Materials Journal, vol. 89, no. 5, pp. 509–516.
2. El-Mahllawy, MS 2008, ‘Characteristics of acid resisting bricks made from quarry residues and
waste steel slag’, Construction and Building Materials, vol. 22, no. 8, pp. 1887–1896.
3. Felix, F, Udoeyo, Philibus, U &Dahibil 2002, ‘Sawdust ash as concrete material’, Journal of
Materials in Civil Engineering, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 173– 176.
4. Frank, P & Nichols 1982, ‘Manufactured sand and crushed stone in portland cement concrete’,
International journal of Concrete, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 56–63.
5. Galetakis, M, Alevizos, G &leventakis, K 2012, ‘Evaluation of fine limestone quarry by-products,
for the production of building elements-an experimental approach’, Construction and Building
Materials, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 122–130.
6. Gemma Rodriguez de Sensale, 2006, ‘Strength development of concrete with Rice-Husk Ash’,
Cement and Concrete composites, vol. 28, pp. 158– 160.
7. Gengying Li & Xiaohua Zhao 2003, ‘Properties of concrete granulated blast furnace slag’, Cement
and Concrete Composites, vol. 25, pp. 293–299.
8. Goni, S, Lorenzo, P & Sagrera, JL, 1994, ‘Durability of hydrated portland cement with copper slag
addition in Nacl+Na2SO4 medium’, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 24, no. 8, pp. 1403–1412.
9. Goni, S, Lorenzo, MP & Guerrero, A 2002, ‘Activation of pozzolanic reaction of hydrated portland
cement fly ash pastes in sulphate solution’, Journal of American Ceramic Society, vol. 85, no. 12,
pp. 3071–3075.
10. Gorai, P, Jana, RK &Premchand 2003, ‘Characteristics and utilization of copper slag a review’,
Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 39, pp. 299–313.
11. Harvey Alter 2004, ‘The composition and environmental hazard of copper slags in the context of
the basel convention’, Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 43, pp. 353–360.
12. Hossain, KMA &Lachemi, M, 2007, ‘Strength, durability and microstructure aspects of high
performance volcanic ash concrete’, Cement and Concrete Research, vol. 37, pp. 759–766.
13. Huang, K 2001, ‘Use of copper slag in cement production’, Sichuan Cement, no. 4, pp. 25–27.
14. Hwang, CL &Laiw, JC 1989, ‘Properties of concrete using copper slag as substitute for fine
Aggregate’, In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Fly Ash, Silica Fume, Slag, and
Natural Pozzolans in Concrete, no. 114–82, pp. 1677–1695.
15. Hwee, YS & Rangan, BV 1990, ‘Studies on commercial high strength concrete’, American Concrete
Institute Material Journal, vol. 87, pp. 440– 445.
16. Ilangovan, R & Nagamani, K 2006, ‘Studies on strength and behavior of concrete by using quarry
dust as fine aggregate’. Civil Engineering and Construction Review Journal, New Delhi, pp. 40–42.
17. Ilangovan, R, Mahendran, N & Nagamani, K 2008, ‘Strength and durability properties of concrete
containing quarry dust as fine aggregate’, ARPN Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol.
3, no. 5, pp. 1819–6608.

18. IS :4031 (Part 4)- 1988, Indian Standard “Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement,
Determination of Consistency of Standard Cement Paste, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi,
India.
19. IS: 10080–1982, Specification for Vibration Machine for Standard Cement Mortar Cubes, Bureau
of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
20. IS: 10262:2009, Guidelines for Concrete Mix Proportioning, Bureau of Indian Standards, New
Delhi, India.
21. IS: 10262–1982 and SP 23:1982, Recommended Guidelines for Concrete Mix‘,Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi, India.
22. IS: 13311(Part 1)-1992, Methods of Non-Destructive Testing of Concrete Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
23. IS: 1727 – 1967, Indian Standard. Methods of Test for Pozzolanic Materials, Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi.
24. IS: 2386–1997, (Part 1 to 8), Indian Standard Methods of Test for Aggregate for Concrete, Bureau
of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
25. IS: 3085–1965, Method of Test foe Permeability of Cement Mortar and Concrete, Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi.
26. IS: 383–1970, Specifications for Coarse and Fine Aggregates from Natural Sources for Concrete,
Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
27. IS: 4031 (Part 10)–1988, Indian Standard Method of Physical Test for Hydraulic Cement
Determination of Drying and Shrinkage ‘, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, 2000.
28. IS: 4031 (Part 6)–1988, Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement, Part 6: Determination of
Compressive Strength of Hydraulic Cement (Other than Masonry Cement), Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi.
29. IS: 4031(Part 5)–1988, Indian Standard “Methods of Physical Tests for Hydraulic Cement,
Determination of Initial and Final Setting Time, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
30. IS: 4032–1985, Indian Standard Method of Chemical Analysis of Hydraulic Cement, Bureau of
Indian Standards, New Delhi.
31. IS: 456–2000, Plain and Reinforced Concrete – Code of Practice is an Indian Standard Code of
Practice. Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi.
32. IS: 456–2009, Indian Standard Code Practice for Plain and Reinforcement Concrete, Bureau of
Indian Standards, New Delhi
33. IS: 8112 – 2013, Indian Standard Code Practice for Ordinary Portland Cement, 43 grade
Specification, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi
34. IS: 516–1959, Indian Standard Methods of Test for Strength of Concrete, Bureau of Indian
Standards, New Delhi, 1999.
35. IS: 5816 –1999 Method of Test Splitting Tensile Strength of Concrete, Bureau of Indian Standards,
New Delhi.
36. Isa Yuksel & Turhan Bilir 2007, ‘Use of industrial by–product to produce plain concrete elements’,
vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 686–694.
37. Isa Yuksel, Turhan Bilir & Omer Ozkan 2006, ‘Use of granulated blast– furnace slag in concrete as
fine aggregate’, Materials Journal, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 203–208.
38. Ishimaru, K, Mizuguchi, H, Hashimoto, C, Ueda, T, Fujita, K & Ohmi, M 2005, ‘Properties of
concrete using copper slag and second class fly ash as a part of fine aggregate’, Journal of Society
Material Science, vol. 54, no. 8, pp. 828–833.
39. Jack, M, Chi, Ran Huang & Yang, CC 2002, ‘Effects of carbonation on mechanical properties and
durability of concrete using accelerated testing method’, Journal of Marine Science and Technology,
vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 14– 20.
40. Jones, MR & Magee, BJ 2002, ‘A mix constituent proportioning method for concrete containing
ternary combinations of cements’, Magazine of Concrete Research, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 125–139


Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 14
Issue 01
Received February 7, 2024
Accepted February 26, 2024
Published March 18, 2024