Empowerment of Women through the Participation in MGNREGA during post COVID-19 Period

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume :4 | Issue : 2 | Page : 10-19

Pratim Sarkar

  1. Associate Professor Haldia Law College Haldia, West Bengal India


Rural women play key role in sustainable development and their empowerment is imperative for achieving the successful and effective implementation of developmental schemes in rural areas. The principles of gender equality are enshrined in the Indian Constitution. A significant purpose of development planning in India has been to provide for increasing employment opportunities not only to meet the backlog of the unemployed but also to accommodate additional labour force. MGNREGA is an anti-poverty welfare initiative. It protects the rural poor from vulnerabilities by providing them demand employment. Participation of women in MGNREGA Scheme is significantly high. The Indian economy, which was already experiencing a slowdown, was hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic.Increasing women’s participation in MGNREGA during post Covid period can be useful for effective delivery of its core objective. If implemented properly, this law can have ever lasting implications for the beneficiaries to improve their status economically and socially.

Keywords: Empowerment, MGNREGA, Indian Constitution, COVID-19, Rural Development

[This article belongs to Journal of Human Rights Law and Practice(jhrlp)]

How to cite this article: Pratim Sarkar. Empowerment of Women through the Participation in MGNREGA during post COVID-19 Period. Journal of Human Rights Law and Practice. 2023; 4(2):10-19.
How to cite this URL: Pratim Sarkar. Empowerment of Women through the Participation in MGNREGA during post COVID-19 Period. Journal of Human Rights Law and Practice. 2023; 4(2):10-19. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/jhrlp/article=2023/view=91348

Full Text PDF Download


1. John Joseph Puthenkalam & M.K. George, Human Development Starategy of MGNREGA,Indian Social Institute, Bangalore, Rawat Publications, 2012, p.63
2. “Gender equality in the labour market in Asia and the Pacific and the Arab States”, International Labour Organization, [online] Available at, https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/– asia/— ro-bangkok/documents/publication/wcms_534371.pdf (last accessed on 05/-7/2021)
3. “National Policy for the Empowerment of Women(2001), Ministry of Women & Child Development/Government of India, [Online] Available at, https://wcd.nic.in (last accessed on 10/12/2019)
4. “Women’s work”, “Women in Agriculture: Closing the gender gap for development”, [Online] available at, https:// http://www.fao.org/3/i2050e/i2050e02.pdf (Last accessed on 05/07/2021)
5. “Women’s labour force participation in India among the world’s lowest:Oxfam” Shagun Kapil, [Online] available at, https://www-downtoearth-org-in.cdn.ampproject.org (last accessed on
6. Bigi Thomas, “NREGA and Quality of Life of Beneficiaries” Allied Publishers Pvt. Ltd., 2014 ,p.87
7. “Women Participation in MGNREGS” Press Information Bureau, Government of India, Ministry of Rural Development, [Online] Available at, https://pib.gov.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx? relid=186368 (last accessed on 12/12/2019 )
8. “Opinion: Impact of covid-19 on the Indian Economy”, ET Government, April 7, 2020, [Online] Available at, https://government.economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/economy/opinion impact- of-covid-19-on-the-indian-economy/75021731 (last accessed on 20/10/2020)
9. “12.2 crore people lost jobs in India during coronavirus lockdown: CMIE Report”, Bloomberg News, May 5, 2020, [Online] Available at, https://www.deccanherald.com/business/122-crore- people-lost-jobs-in-india-during-coronavirus-lockdown-cmie-833783.html (last accessed on 20/10/ 2020)
10. “Covid-19 may double poverty in India”, [Online] Available at, https://www. financialexpress.com/opinion/covid-19-may-double-poverty-in-india/1943736/ (last accessed on 20/10/2020)
11. “Rethinking MGNREGA in the post COVID-19 era” Renita D’Souza & Aditi Ratho, [Online] Available at, https://www.orfonline.org/expert-speak/rethinking-mgnrega-in-the-post-covid19- era/ (last accessed on 10/05/ 2021)
12. “Women’s participation in NREGS dips in eight years”, DH Web Desk, August 25 2020 [Online] Available at, https://www.deccanherald.com/ (last accessed on 10/05/2021)
13. S.B. Civil Writ Petition No. 6339/2012 [Online] Available at, https://indiankanoon.org/ docfragment/98651722/?formInput=nrega%20%20doctypes%3A%20judgments(last accessed on 16/05/2017)
14. Writ–A No.-61799 of 2008 (Online) Available at, https://indiankanoon.org/docfragment/
154204865/?formInput=nrega%20%20doctypes%3A%20judgments (last accessed on 17/05/2017)
15. 2016 SCC Online SC 485

Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 4
Issue 2
Received October 5, 2021
Accepted October 7, 2021
Published January 7, 2023