Literature of Green Architecture

Year : 2024 | Volume :02 | Issue : 01 | Page : 47-53

Vikas Bhola

  1. Principle Architect Dhaneshwar Dimensions (Architectural Consultancy Firm, Proprietorship) Sr. Architect Consultant to LEA-Associate South Asia Pvt. Ltd Jammu and Kashmir India


The term green architecture implies the use of environmental principles as the basis when designing buildings. In this perspective, the architecture of the future aims at synthesizing nature, technology, science, and even the imagination in the construction industry. The following paper explores green architecture on a generalized basis, which discusses its basic features, practices and the repercussions of green design on environmental sustainability.
A key component of eco-architecture is to make sure that the use of resources are reduced, the environmental impact is curtailed while trying to eliminate waste generation from the material lifetime of the building. While most conventional construction methods are guided mostly by short-term economic benefits of the moment, green design seeks to strengthen environmental champions over time by concentrating their efforts on the long-term environmental stewardship. As a result, optimized energy consumption and sustainability is achieved only if green building systems with environment-friendly building materials and technologies are designed.
The report puts a special focus on the green architecture complexity, pointing out its interdisciplinary character in the process. It analyses many different methods to achieve environmental sustainability, for example, it uses energy efficiency solutions and sustainable building methods. In addition to that, it deals with the way we can conserve natural resources. Furthermore, the article takes into account green architecture’s participation in the resolution of the contemporary environmental problems that pose us serious threats like climate change and exhaustion of resources.
With the help of green building systems, architects and designers can manufacture such places ready to resist the changing ecological environment and contribute to the betterment of ecological situation. Additionally the introduction of sustainable construction methods includes the variety of great humanization aspects such as improved indoor air quality, enhanced occupant comfort, and lowered operational costs.
To summarize, this review suggests how we can adopt green architecture principles into the financial plan of the more popular and traditional builders. Through the emphasis of environmental coverage and adoption of environmentally friendlier modern techniques we can send a signal towards the direction of sustainable future for our societies.

Keywords: Green architecture, Building, Environment, Materials

[This article belongs to International Journal of Urban Design and Development(ijudd)]

How to cite this article: Vikas Bhola. Literature of Green Architecture. International Journal of Urban Design and Development. 2024; 02(01):47-53.
How to cite this URL: Vikas Bhola. Literature of Green Architecture. International Journal of Urban Design and Development. 2024; 02(01):47-53. Available from:


  1. “Burcu, G., 2015, “Sustainability Education by Sustainable School Design” Dokuz Eylul University, Department of Architecture, Turkey Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 186 ( 2015 ) 868–873.
  2. Qiao, R.; Liu, T. Impact of building greening on building energy consumption: A quantitative computational approach. J. Clean. Prod. 2020, 246, 119020.
  3. Dwaikat, L.N.; Ali, K.N. Green buildings life cycle cost analysis and life cycle budget development: Practical applications. J. Build. Eng. 2018, 18, 303–311.
  4. Goh, B.H.; Sun, Y. The development of life-cycle costing for buildings. Build Res. Inf. 2016, 44, 319–333.
  5. Addy, M.; Adinyira, E.; Danku, J.C.; Dadzoe, F. Impediments to the development of the green building market in sub-Saharan Africa: The case of Ghana. Smart Sustain. Built Environ. 2020, 10, 193–207.
  6. Asman, G.E.; Kissi, E.; Agyekum, K.; Baiden, B.K.; Badu, E. Critical components of environmentally sustainable buildings design practices of office buildings in Ghana. J. Build. Eng. 2019, 26, 100925.
  7. Balaban, O.; Puppim de Oliveira, J.A. Sustainable buildings for healthier cities: Assessing the co-benefits of green buildings in Japan. J. Clean. Prod. 2017, 163, S68–S78.
  8. Chen, Y.; Thomas Ng, S. Factoring in embodied GHG emissions when assessing the environmental performance of building. Sustain. Cities Soc. 2016, 27, 244–252.
  9. Chi, B.; Lu, W.; Ye, M.; Bao, Z.; Zhang, X. Construction waste minimization in green building: A comparative analysis of LEED-NC 2009 certified projects in the US and China. J. Clean. Prod. 2020, 256, 120749.
  10. Cullen, Howe, 2010, “Overview of Green Buildings”,
  11. Darko, A.; Chan, A.P.C. Critical analysis of green building research trend in construction journals. Habitat Int. 2016, 57, 53–63.
  12. Du Plessis, C. Sustainable development demands dialogue between developed and developing worlds. Build. Res. Inf. 2010, 27, 378–389.
  13. Dwaikat, L.N.; Ali, K.N. The economic benefits of a green building—Evidence from Malaysia. J. Build. Eng. 2018, 18, 448–453.
  14. Ghaffarianhoseini, A.; Dahlan, N.D.; Berardi, U., Sustainable energy performances of green buildings: A review of current theories, implementations and challenges. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 2013, 25, 1–17.
  15. Kats, Gregory H.2006, “Greening America’s Schools Costs and Benefits,” Capital E.
  16. Li, Y.; Song, H.; Sang, P.; Chen, P.H.; Liu, X. Review of Critical Success Factors (CSFs) for green building projects. Build. Environ. 2019, 158, 182–191.
  17. Li, Y.; Yang, L.; He, B.; Zhao, D. Green building in China: Needs great promotion. Sustain. Cities Soc. 2014, 11, 1–6.
  18. NAOHB, 1998, National Association of Home Builders, “Deconstruction: Building Disassembly and Material Salvage”.
  19. Nguyen, H.-T.; Gray, M. A Review on Green Building in Vietnam. Procedia Eng. 2016, 142, 314–321.
  20. Roy Madhumita, 2008, Dept. Of architecture, Jadavpur university, Kolkata, India, “Importance of green architecture today”
  21. Sandanayake, M.; Zhang, G.; Setunge, S. Impediments affecting a comprehensive emission assessment at the construction stage of a building. Int. J. Constr. Manag. 2022, 22, 453–463.
  22. Sun, C.; Li, Z.; Li, X. Research on Green Building Incremental Cost Optimization. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 2019, 267, 052040.
  23. Thomas Rettenwender, 2009, M.A., Mag. Arch., LEED AP, Architect and Niklas Spitz Monterey Peninsula College INTD62 Spring 2009” The Principles of Green Building Design” Spring 2009.
  24. USGBC, 2002, U.S. Green Building Council, Building Momentum: “National Trends and Prospects for High-Performance Green Buildings,” Prepared for the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Environmental and Public Works by the U.S. Green Building Council, November 2002.
  25. Wuni, I.Y.; Shen, G.Q.P.; Osei-Kyei, R. Scientometric review of global research trends on green buildings in construction journals from 1992 to 2018. Energy Build. 2019, 190, 69–85.
  26. Xie, B.C.; Zhai, J.X.; Sun, P.C.; Ma, J.J. Assessment of energy and emission performance of a green scientific research building in Beijing, China. Energy Build. 2020, 224, 110248.
  27. Yadegaridehkordi, E.; Hourmand, M.; Nilashi, M.; Alsolami, E.; Samad, S.; Mahmoud, M.; Alarood, A.A.; Zainol, A.; Majeed, H.D.; Shuib, L. Assessment of sustainability indicators for green building manufacturing using fuzzy multi-criteria decision making approach. J. Clean. Prod. 2020, 277, 122905.
  28. Yas, Z.; Jaafer, K. Factors influencing the spread of green building projects in the UAE. J. Build. Eng. 2020, 27, 100894.
  29. Zuo, J.; Zhao, Z.Y. Green building research-current status and future agenda: A review. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 2014, 30, 271–281.

Regular Issue Subscription Review Article
Volume 02
Issue 01
Received February 20, 2024
Accepted April 1, 2024
Published April 19, 2024