Liminality and Urban Acceptance: A Case of Majnu ka Tilla, Delhi

Year : 2024 | Volume :02 | Issue : 01 | Page : 36-46
By

Arpita Dayal

Leon A. Morenas

  1. Assistant Professor Department of Architecture, School of Planning and Architecture New Delhi India
  2. Principal Department of Architecture, Goa College of Architecture Goa India

Abstract

This paper recognizes liminality as an important urban phenomenon that has an impact on lived experiences in the city. Looking through the lens of liminality allows an incorporation of a multilayered and processual approach that recognizes the in betweenness and ambiguities in the urban. To do so, the Tibetans exile community settlement of Majnu ka Tilla in Delhi, identified to be in a state of permanent liminality that is embedded in their practices of protractedness, is studied. Through an ethnographic research of the settlement, aspects of their lived experiences are examined to look into the political and cultural constructions of spatiality. Findings from the case study suggest that the indeterminate factors of their existence after forced exile have effectuated into a strong cultural resilience led gentrification despite the constant urge for urban acceptance and diffusion, both on paper and in society. This liminality has created a unique paradoxical coexistence of standing out yet urging to blend in, that has significant impact on its growth and identity patterns with respect to the rest of the city. In conclusion, the paper argues that a liminal perspective on complex urban situations provides a more holistic insight into the ambivalence between social, cultural and political relationships, at the threshold of the dualities that usually govern normative urban design praxis and theory.

Keywords: Liminality, Urban spaces, Tibetan exile community, Urban design theory

[This article belongs to International Journal of Urban Design and Development(ijudd)]

How to cite this article: Arpita Dayal, Leon A. Morenas. Liminality and Urban Acceptance: A Case of Majnu ka Tilla, Delhi. International Journal of Urban Design and Development. 2024; 02(01):36-46.
How to cite this URL: Arpita Dayal, Leon A. Morenas. Liminality and Urban Acceptance: A Case of Majnu ka Tilla, Delhi. International Journal of Urban Design and Development. 2024; 02(01):36-46. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijudd/article=2024/view=143332





Browse Figures

References

  1. Festival of Places. [Online]. https://twitter.com/festivalplaces/status/
  2. Gennep, Arnold van. The Rites of Passage. Second edition. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press; 1960.
  3. GuptaEnduring liminality: voting rights and Tibetan exiles in India. Asian Ethn. 2019; 20(3): 330–347.
  4. Turner The Forest of Symbols. New York: Cornell University Press; 1967.
  5. Stevens The Ludic City Exploring the Potential of Public Spaces. London: Taylor & Francis; 2007.
  6. Turner From Ritual to Theatre: The Human Seriousness of Play. New York: Performing Arts Journal Publications; 1982.
  7. Thomassen Bjørn. Liminality and the Modern, Living through the in-Between. England: Ashgate Publishing Limited;
  8. Certeau Michel de. The Practice of Everyday Life. Berkeley, Los Angeles: University of California Press;
  9. Brighenti Andrea Mubi. Urban Interstices: The Aesthetics and the Politics o f the In-between. England: Ashgate Publishing Limited;
  10. Oldenburg Ra The Great Good Place,Cafes, Coffee Shops, Bookstores, Bars, Hair Salons and other Hangouts at the Heart of a Community. Cambridge, MA: Da Capo Press; 1997.
  11. Bhabha Homi K. The Location of Culture. London and New York: Routledge;
  12. SzakolzaiLiminality and experience: Structuring transitory situations and transformative events. Int Polit Anthropol. 2009; 2(1): 141–172.
  13. Lefebvre Writings on Cities/Henry Lefebvre. Selected, translated and introduced by Eleonore Kofman and Elizabeth Lebas. Oxford, UK and Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers; 1996.
  14. Niyanta Muku, Debayan Chatterjee, Suzanne Frasier. Right to the city-case of Tibetan Refugees.Delft: The 17th international planning history Society conference.
  15. (2015 May). Categorisation of Settlement in Delhi. [Online]. https://cprindia.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/Categorisation-of-Settlement-in-Delhi.pdf.
  16. Madhura Balasubramania, Sonika Gupta.From Refuge to Rights: Majnu Ka Tilla Tibetan Colony in New Delhi. (kritisk etnografi) Swedish Journal of Anthropology. 2020; 2(1–2): 95–109.
  17. Gogoi (2023 Apr15). Delhi’s Majnu Ka Tila now a crowded mall. Tibetan colony’s old world intimacy gone. [Online]. The Print. https://theprint.in/ground-reports/delhis-majnu-ka-tila-now-a-crowded-mall-tibetan-colonys-old-world-intimacy-gone/1518669/.
  18. Aureen (2023). Majnu Ka Tilla-A Little Tibet in Delhi. [Online]. Tripoto. https://www.tripoto.com/new-delhi/trips/majnu-ka-tilla-a-little-tibet-in-delhi-5f1861f12866d.
  19. David Shantanu. (2020). Tastes from little Tibet in Delhi’s ‘Majnu ka Tila’. [Online]. The New Indian express. https://www.newindianexpress.com/thesundaystandard/2020/Jan/12/tastes-from-little-tibet-in-delhis-majnu-ka-tila 2088344.html#:~:text=Majnu%20ka%20Tila%20is%20a,menu%20of%20most%20traditional%20eateries.
  20. (2023 May). Uncovering Delhi’s Majnu ka Tilla. [Online]. YouTube. https://www. youtube.com/watch?v=vQRzTSKWE-o.
  21. Awal (2022 Jun). The vibe that is ‘Majnu Ka Tilla’ in Delhi’s mini-Tibet. [Online]. The New Indian Express. https://www.newindianexpress.com/cities/delhi/2022/Jun/30/the-vibe-that-is-majnu-ka-tilla-in-delhis-mini-tibet-2471335.html.
  22. Panwar (2023 Jul). Majnu-ka-Tilla: Shop And Savour At Delhi’s ‘Mini Tibet’. [Online]. Outlook Traveller. https://www.outlooktraveller.com/experiences/shopping/majnu-ka-tilla-heres-how-to-spend-a-day-at-delhis-mini-tibet.
  23. Kushwahatech. (2023 Jul). Discover the flavours of santorini : Find serenity in Majnu ka Tilla, Delhi. [Online]. https://www.youtube.com/watch app=desktop&v=GtNNbrdHhCo.
  24. Robinson (2011 Sep 9). In Theory Bakhtin: Carnival Against Capital, Carnival Against Power. [Online]. Ceasefire. https://ceasefiremagazine.co.uk/in-theory-bakhtin-2.
  25. DolmaLiminality of Refugeehood in Exile: Going Local in Tibetan Refugee Colony in Majnu ka Tilla, Delhi1. Tibet Policy Journal. 2018; 109–120.

Regular Issue Subscription Original Research
Volume 02
Issue 01
Received March 14, 2024
Accepted April 1, 2024
Published April 9, 2024