Evidence for Forward Spin and Reverse Spin Radio Photons

Year : 2023 | Volume : 01 | Issue : 01 | Page : 1-12

    Marvin Motsenbocker

  1. Senior Faculty, Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering, Renaissance 148-1 Yugekamada, Kamijima-cho, Ehime, Japan


We generated alternate spin radio frequency photons by accelerating metallic valence electrons in a wire with half portions of a sine wave. To avoid standing waves from sinusoidal movement, a non-resonating transmitter was built with a non-resonating antenna. An oscilloscope at a second non-resonant receiving antenna 3 wavelengths away from the transmitter detected positive going 180-degree voltage pulses. Reversing the direction of electron excitation in the transmitter antenna caused negative going 180-degree electric pulses in the receiver. The results confirm that photons produced by radio transmissions are of two types, forward +1 spin and reverse -1 spin. In the radio wave context, we may consider a zero spin 2-photon pair as a naturally occurring unit that forms waves. This research points the way to a much higher speed communication format based on photon pulses and not wave trains.

Keywords: Oscilloscope, Photons, Reverse Spin, Antenna, MOSFET

[This article belongs to International Journal of Radio Frequency Innovations(ijrfi)]

How to cite this article: Marvin Motsenbocker Evidence for Forward Spin and Reverse Spin Radio Photons ijrfi 2023; 01:1-12
How to cite this URL: Marvin Motsenbocker Evidence for Forward Spin and Reverse Spin Radio Photons ijrfi 2023 {cited 2023 Nov 16};01:1-12. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijrfi/article=2023/view=126302/

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Regular Issue Open Access Original Research
Volume 01
Issue 01
Received August 25, 2023
Accepted September 21, 2023
Published November 16, 2023