Comparative Experimental Measurement on the Fundamental Properties of Chemically Treated Natural Fibers

Open Access

Year : 2022 | Volume : | Issue : 1 | Page : 34-42

    Haydar U. Zaman

  1. Ruhul A. Khan

  1. Assistant Professor, National University of Bangladesh and Senior Researcher of Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  2. Director, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh


Plant-derived natural fiber as a reinforcing component can play a prevalent role in the field of fiber reinforced polymer composite due to their obtainability, environmentally friendly, renewability, lowdensity, and low cost. Golden fiber (jute fiber)/coconut fiber can be a potential candidate to replace the synthetic fiber reinforced polymer composite. The influences of chemical treatments such as mercerization, sodium lauryl sulfate and a combination of mercerization and sodium lauryl sulfate on the physical-mechanical and morphological properties of natural fibers were investigated with the aim of improving their compatibility with the polymer matrix. The efficacy of mercerization and sodium lauryl sulfate treatment in removing impurities from the fiber surface was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations. Morphological studies of treated jute and coconut fiber by SEM indicate that sodium lauryl sulfate treated fibers have less impurities and lignin and hemicelluloses removed compared to other chemical treatments. Sodium lauryl sulfate treated jute and coconut fibers exhibited better tensile strength than untreated, mercerized and mercerized-sodium lauryl sulfate treatments. Droplet tests show that the interfacial stress strength (IFSS) of mercerized and sodium lauryl sulfate treated jute and coconut fibers has improved whereas sodium lauryl sulfate treated fiber exhibits maximum IFSS. It is anticipated that high performance jute and coconut fibers reinforced polymer composites will help in the development of fiber treatment industry applications.

Keywords: Jute fiber, coir fiber, chemical treatment, tensile properties, droplet test

[This article belongs to International Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering(ijpse)]

How to cite this article: Haydar U. Zaman, Ruhul A. Khan Comparative Experimental Measurement on the Fundamental Properties of Chemically Treated Natural Fibers ijpse 2022; 8:34-42
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Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 8
Issue 1
Received July 30, 2022
Accepted August 1, 2022
Published August 3, 2022