Comparative Experimental Measurement on the Fundamental Properties of Chemically Treated Natural Fibers

Open Access

Year : 2022 | Volume : | Issue : 1 | Page : 34-42
By

    Haydar U. Zaman

  1. Ruhul A. Khan

  1. Assistant Professor, National University of Bangladesh and Senior Researcher of Institute, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  2. Director, Institute of Radiation and Polymer Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh

Abstract

Plant-derived natural fiber as a reinforcing component can play a prevalent role in the field of fiber reinforced polymer composite due to their obtainability, environmentally friendly, renewability, lowdensity, and low cost. Golden fiber (jute fiber)/coconut fiber can be a potential candidate to replace the synthetic fiber reinforced polymer composite. The influences of chemical treatments such as mercerization, sodium lauryl sulfate and a combination of mercerization and sodium lauryl sulfate on the physical-mechanical and morphological properties of natural fibers were investigated with the aim of improving their compatibility with the polymer matrix. The efficacy of mercerization and sodium lauryl sulfate treatment in removing impurities from the fiber surface was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations. Morphological studies of treated jute and coconut fiber by SEM indicate that sodium lauryl sulfate treated fibers have less impurities and lignin and hemicelluloses removed compared to other chemical treatments. Sodium lauryl sulfate treated jute and coconut fibers exhibited better tensile strength than untreated, mercerized and mercerized-sodium lauryl sulfate treatments. Droplet tests show that the interfacial stress strength (IFSS) of mercerized and sodium lauryl sulfate treated jute and coconut fibers has improved whereas sodium lauryl sulfate treated fiber exhibits maximum IFSS. It is anticipated that high performance jute and coconut fibers reinforced polymer composites will help in the development of fiber treatment industry applications.

Keywords: Jute fiber, coir fiber, chemical treatment, tensile properties, droplet test

[This article belongs to International Journal of Polymer Science & Engineering(ijpse)]

How to cite this article: Haydar U. Zaman, Ruhul A. Khan Comparative Experimental Measurement on the Fundamental Properties of Chemically Treated Natural Fibers ijpse 2022; 8:34-42
How to cite this URL: Haydar U. Zaman, Ruhul A. Khan Comparative Experimental Measurement on the Fundamental Properties of Chemically Treated Natural Fibers ijpse 2022 {cited 2022 Aug 03};8:34-42. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijpse/article=2022/view=91200

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Zaman H, Khan RA. Surface Modification of Plant-Drive Calotropis Gigantea Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. Progress in Applied Science and Technology. 2020;12:23-35.
2. Ashori A. Nonwood fibers—A potential source of raw material in papermaking. Polymer-Plastics Technology and Engineering. 2006;45:1133-1136.
3. Zaman HU, Khan RA. Surface Modified Benzoylated Okra (Abelmoschus esculentus) Bast Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites. Advanced Journal of Science and Engineering. 2022;3:7-17.
4. Saba N, Md Tahir P, et al. A review on potentiality of nano filler/natural fiber filled polymer hybrid composites. Polymers. 2014;6:2247-2273.
5. Petchwattana N, Covavisaruch S. Mechanical and morphological properties of wood plastic biocomposites prepared from toughened poly (lactic acid) and rubber wood sawdust (Hevea brasiliensis). Journal of Bionic Engineering. 2014;11:630-637.
6. Sedan D, Pagnoux C, et al. Mechanical properties of hemp fiber reinforced cement: Influence of the fiber/matrix interaction. Journal of the European Ceramic Society. 2008;28:183-192.
7. Faruk O, Bledzki AK, et al. Biocomposites reinforced with natural fibers: 2000–2010. Progress in Polymer Science. 2012;37:1552-1596.
8. Carroll JG, Bolt RO. Radiation effects on organic materials. Nucleonics (US) Ceased publication. 1960;18.
9. Zaman HU. Chemically modified coir fiber reinforced polypropylene composites for furniture applications. International Research Journal of Modernization in Engineering Technology and Science. 2020;2:975-982.
10. Zaman HU, Beg M. Preparation, structure, and properties of the coir fiber/polypropylene composites. Journal of Composite Materials. 2014;48:3293-3301.
11. Nam TH, Ogihara S, et al. Effect of alkali treatment on interfacial and mechanical properties of coir fiber reinforced poly (butylene succinate) biodegradable composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2011;42:1648-1656.
12. Zaman HU, Beg M. Effect of coir fiber content and compatibilizer on the properties of unidirectional coir fiber/polypropylene composites. Fibers and Polymers. 2014;15:831-838.
13. Roy JK, Akter N, et al. Preparation and properties of coir fiber-reinforced ethylene glycol dimethacrylate-based composite. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials. 2014;27:35-51.
14. Kabir M, Wang H, et al. Chemical treatments on plant-based natural fiber reinforced polymer composites: An overview. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2012;43:2883-2892.
15. Ku H, Wang H, et al. A review on the tensile properties of natural fiber reinforced polymer composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2011;42:856-873.
16. Zaman HU, Khan RA, et al. Physico-mechanical and degradation properties of biodegradable photografted coir fiber with acrylic monomers. Polymer Bulletin. 2013;70:2277-2290.
17. Zaman HU, Khan MA, et al. Banana fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites: A study of the physicomechanical properties. Fibers and Polymers. 2013;14:121-126.
18. Arbelaiz A, Cantero G, et al. Flax fiber surface modifications: Effects on fiber physico mechanical and flax/polypropylene interface properties. Polymer Composites. 2005;26:324-332.
19. Feng Y, Ashok B, et al. Preparation and characterization of polypropylene carbonate bio-filler (eggshell powder) composite films. International Journal of Polymer Analysis and Characterization. 2014;19:637-647.
20. Sawpan MA, Pickering KL, et al. Effect of various chemical treatments on the fiber structure and tensile properties of industrial hemp fibers. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2011;42:888-895.
21. Kalia S, Kaith B, et al. Pretreatments of natural fibers and their application as reinforcing material in polymer composites-a review. Polymer Engineering & Science. 2009;49:1253-1272.
22. Yan L, Chouw N, et al. Improving the mechanical properties of natural fiber fabric reinforced epoxy composites by alkali treatment. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2012;31:425-437.
23. Hassan MM, Wagner MH, et al. Study on the performance of hybrid jute/betel nut fiber reinforced polypropylene composites. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. 2011;25:615-626.
24. Zaman HU, Khan RA. Acetylation is used for natural fiber/polymer composites. Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials. 2021;34:3-23.
25. Wang B, Panigrahi S, et al. Pre-treatment of flax fibers for use in rotationally molded biocomposites. Journal of Reinforced Plastics and Composites. 2007;26:447-463.
26. Tserki V, Zafeiropoulos N, et al. A study of the effect of acetylation and propionylation surface treatments on natural fibers. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2005;36:1110-1118.
27. Li X, Tabil LG, et al. Chemical treatments of natural fiber for use in natural fiber-reinforced composites: a review. J Polym Environ. 2007;15:25-33.
28. Liu X, Dai G. Surface modification and micromechanical properties of jute fiber mat reinforced polypropylene composites. Express Polymer Letters. 2007;1:299-307.
29. Edeerozey AM, Akil HM, et al. Chemical modification of kenaf fibers. Materials Letters. 2007;61:2023-2025.
30. Kabir M, Wang H, et al. Tensile properties of chemically treated hemp fibers as reinforcement for composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2013;53:362-368.
31. Mukhopadhyay S, Fangueiro R, et al. Banana fibers-variability and fracture behavior. Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics. 2008;3:155892500800300207.
32. Ishak M, Sapuan S, et al. Characterization of sugar palm (Arenga pinnata) fibers: tensile and thermal properties. Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. 2012;109:981-989.
33. Biro DA, McLean P, et al. Application of the micro bond technique: Characterization of carbon fiber‐epoxy interfaces. Polymer Engineering & Science. 1991;31:1250-1256.
34. Goud G, Rao R. Effect of fiber content and alkali treatment on mechanical properties of Roystonea regia-reinforced epoxy partially biodegradable composites. Bulletin of Materials Science. 2011;34:1575-1581.
35. Hossain MK, Dewan MW, et al. Mechanical performances of surface modified jute fiber reinforced biopol nanophase green composites. Composites Part B: Engineering. 2011;42:1701-1707.
36. Mishra S, Mohanty A, et al. Studies on the mechanical performance of biofibre/glass reinforced polyester hybrid composites. Composites Science and Technology. 2003;63:1377-1385.
37. Nirmal U, Singh N, et al. On the effect of different polymer matrices and fibre treatment on single fiber pullout test using betelnut fibers. Materials & Design. 2011;32:2717-2726.
38. Sawpan MA, Pickering KL, et al. Effect of fiber treatments on interfacial shear strength of hemp fiber reinforced polylactide and unsaturated polyester composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing. 2011;42:1189-1196.
39. Siakeng R, Jawaid M, et al. Effects of surface treatments on tensile, thermal and fiber-matrix bond strength of coir and pineapple leaf fibers with poly lactic acid. Journal of Bionic Engineering. 2018;15:1035-1046.
40. Karthikeyan A, Balamurugan K, et al. The new approach to improve the impact property of coconut fiber reinforced epoxy composites using sodium laulryl sulfate treatment. Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research. 2013;72:132-136.
41. Aziz SH, Ansell MP. The effect of alkalization and fiber alignment on the mechanical and thermal properties of kenaf and hemp bast fiber composites: Part 1-polyester resin matrix. Composites Science and Technology. 2004;64:1219-1230.


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 8
Issue 1
Received July 30, 2022
Accepted August 1, 2022
Published August 3, 2022