Panoramic review on Sida rhombifolia L.

[{“box”:0,”content”:”[if 992 equals=”Open Access”]n

n

n

n

Open Access

nn

n

n[/if 992]n

n

Year : May 21, 2024 at 2:49 pm | [if 1553 equals=””] Volume : [else] Volume :[/if 1553] | [if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”]Issue[/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”]Special Issue[/if 424] [if 424 equals=”Conference”][/if 424] : | Page : –

n

n

n

n

n

n

By

n

[foreach 286]n

n

n

kavya

n

    n t

  • n

n

n[/foreach]

n

n[if 2099 not_equal=”Yes”]n

    [foreach 286] [if 1175 not_equal=””]n t

  1. Student The Oxford college of Pharmacy, 1st Main Rd, Hongasandra, Bengaluru, Karnataka India
  2. n[/if 1175][/foreach]

n[/if 2099][if 2099 equals=”Yes”][/if 2099]n

n

Abstract

nSida Rhombifolia is also called Bala and is a well-known Ayurvedic herbal preparation used to treat inflammation, pain and neurological disorders. Literature calls Bala as Sida cordifolia, Sida, root powder acute, Sida cordata or Sida Rhombifolia subsp. retusa to achieve clinical efficacy of standardization of ksheerBala thailam Balamulacherna is essential.The objective of the study is to authenticate the pharmacognostic standards of Sida Rhombifolia root powder. Sida Rhombifolia was standardized with an emphasis on its application in Ayurvedic medicine, organoleptic, macroscopic, microscopic, preliminary phytochemical, heavy metal, fluorescence, and HPTLC tests.Macroscopic characteristics of the roots were observed; elongated, with few lateral roots, thick, woody, brown colorful and bitter in taste. Sensory properties revealed the essence of the root powder with a creamy and pleasant color odor and slightly bitter taste. Powder microscopic examination the presence of fibers, fibro-sclereids, trachea, vascular elements and calcium oxalate crystals was determined. Physico-chemical studies evaluated total ash (7.5%), water- soluble ash (4.46%), water-soluble ash alkalinity (0.4 mL) and acid- insoluble ash (3.3%). The early phytochemical research revealed the presence of glycosides, alkaloids, phenols, flavonoids, tannins, terpenoids, and quinones. HPTLC analysis showed different Rf values due to the diversity of different phytoconstituents.The scientific information obtained during the research will be useful to identify and establish standards for the primary medicinal use of Sida Rhombifolia. quality and purity KsheeraBala thailam, Ayurvedic formulation.

n

n

n

Keywords: Sida Rhombifolia, Pharmacognostic standards, Ayurvedic medicine, Phytochemical analysis, KsheeraBala thailam

n[if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”][This article belongs to International Journal of Pathogens(ijpg)]

n

[/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”][This article belongs to Special Issue under section in International Journal of Pathogens(ijpg)][/if 424][if 424 equals=”Conference”]This article belongs to Conference [/if 424]

n

n

n

How to cite this article: kavya. Panoramic review on Sida rhombifolia L.. International Journal of Pathogens. May 20, 2024; ():-.

n

How to cite this URL: kavya. Panoramic review on Sida rhombifolia L.. International Journal of Pathogens. May 20, 2024; ():-. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijpg/article=May 20, 2024/view=0

nn


nn[if 992 equals=”Open Access”] Full Text PDF Download[/if 992] n[if 992 not_equal=”Open Access”]

[/if 992]n[if 992 not_equal=”Open Access”]


[/if 992]nn[if 379 not_equal=””]n

Browse Figures

n

n

[foreach 379]n

n[/foreach]n

nn

n

n[/if 379]n

n

References

n[if 1104 equals=””]n

 

  1. Pratap GP, Husain MK, Kazmi MH, Sudarshsanam G, Prasad Ethno-medico documentation of medicinal plants in Madanapalle mandal of Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh. Indian J Ayurveda Res. 2018; 1:11-8.
  2. Kumari TJ, Pratap GP, Prasad SB, Murthy PHC, Prasad Standardization of Balamulachurna (Sida cordifolia L. Root powder). Int J Curr Pharm Sci. 2019;11(5):27-30. 15.
  3. Nimmy VS, Jayashree P, Deepa MS. Comparative evaluation of preliminary pharmacognosy and phytochemistry of two source plants of Bala. Linn: Sida cordifolia and Sida retusa Linn.). International Journal of Ayurveda and Pharma Research. 2017;5(8):10-5.
  4. Kumari TJ, Pratap GP, Murthy PHC, Prasad GP. Pharmacognostical standardization of Balamulachurna (Sida acuta Burm. f. root powder). Int J Res Pharm Sci. 2020;11(1):160-5
  5. Woldeyes S, Adane L, Tariku Y, Muleta D, Bega Shaw T. Evaluation of antibacterial activities of compounds isolated from Sida Rhombifolia Linn. Malvaceae). Nat Prod Chem Res. 2012;1(101):2.
  6. Singh A, Dubey An ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants in Sone Bhadra District of Uttar, Pradesh, India with reference to their infection by foliar fungi. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 2012 Apr 16;6(14):2727-46.
  7. Mishra SH, Chaturvedi SC. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of alkaloid of Sida Rhombifolia Indian drugs. 1978.
  8. Dhalwal K, Shinde VM, Singh B, Mahadik KR. Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect of Sida Rhombifolia ssp. retusa in diabetic induced International Journal
  9. of 2010 Apr 1;2(2).
  10. Indian Herbal Pharmacopoeia. Vol. 1, Controller of Publications, Delhi, 1996, 209-210. 13. Chase CR, Pratt RS. Fluorescence of powdered vegetable drugs with particular reference to development of a system of identification. J Am Pharmocol Assoc 1949; 32-38
  11. K Sasidharan, International Journal of Ayurvedic& Herbal Medicine 7(4) July -Aug.2017 (2740-2745
  12. Sivarajan VV, Pradeep KA, Malvaceae of Southern Peninsular India: A taxonomic monograph Daya Publishing House, New Delhi. 1996 2. Manilal K S. Hortus Malabaricus- Volume
  13. Thiruvananthapuram: Kerala University; 2008. 3. Sasidharan N, Muralitharan PK. The Raw Drug Requirement of Ayurvedic Medicine Manufacturing Industry in Kerala
  14. Paw, M.; Begum, T.; Gogoi, R.; Pandey, S.K.; Lal, M. Chemical Composition of Citrus limon L. Burmf Peel Essential Oil from North East India. J. Essent. Oil Bear. Plants 2020, 23, 337–344.
  15. Jadhav AN, Swamy RC, Bharathi A, Khan IA. HPTLC method for determination of 20-Hydroxyecdysone in Sida Rhombifolia L and dietary Chromatographic 2007; 66: 797
  16. Yan-Hong W, Bharathi A, Jadhav AN, Smilie TJ, Khan IA. Structural characterization and identification of ecdysteroids from Sida Rhombifolia L. in positive electrospray ionization by tandem mass spectrometry. Rapid Common Mass Spectrum 2008; 22: 2413-2422.
  17. Jadhav AN, Swamy RC, Bharathi A, Khan IA. HPTLC method for determination of 20-Hydroxyecdysone in Sida Rhombifolia L and dietary Chromatographic 2007; 66: 797-800

 

  1. Bhandary MJ, Chandrashekhar KR, Kaveriappa KM. Medical Ethnobotany of the Siddhis of Uttara Kannada district, Karnataka, Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1995; 47:149- 158
    Quisumbing E, Medicinal Plants of the Philippines, Tech Bull 16, Rep Philippines, Dept Agra Nat Resources, Manilla, 1951.
  2. Maheshwari JK, Singh KK, Saha Ethno-medical uses of plants by the Tharus of Kheri district, UP. Bulletin of Medico- Ethnobotanical Research 1980; 1:318-337
  3. Novy JW. Medicinal plants of the eastern region of Madagascar. Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1997; 55:119-
  4. Noumi E, Yomi A. Medicinal plants used for intestinal diseases in Mbalmayo region, central province, Cameron. Fitoterapia 2001; 72:246-254.
  5. Lutterodt GD. Responses of gastrointestinal smooth muscle preparations to a muscarinic principal present in Sida veronica Journal of Ethnopharmacology 1988; 23:313-322
  6. Mishra SH, Varma KC. Preliminary pharmacological investigations of alkaloid of Sida rhombifolia Linn.[India]. Science and Culture. 1979;45.
  7. Goyal MM, Rani KK. Effect of natural products isolated from three species of Sida on some gram-positive and gram- negative bacteria. J Ind Chem Soc 1988; 65: 74-76.
  8. Goyal MM, Rani KK. Neutral constituents of the aerial parts of Sida Rhombifolia rhomboidei. Fitoterapia 1989; 60: 163-164
  9. Paw, M.; Begum, T.; Gogoi, R.; Pandey, S.K.; Lal, M. Chemical Composition of Citrus limon L. Burmf Peel Essential Oil from Northeast India. J. Essent. Oil Bear. Plants 2020, 23, 337–344.
  10. Nenadis, ; Tsimidou, M. Observations on the estimation of scavenging activity of phenolic compound using rapid 1,1-diphenyl2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH center dot) tests. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 2002, 79, 1191–1195.
  11. Li, C.; Lin, J.; Gao, Y.X.; Han, W.J.; Chen, D.F. Antioxidant activity and mechanism of Rhizoma Cimicifugae. Chem. Cent. J. 2012, 6,
  12. Silva, D.A.; Silva, T.M.S.; Lins, A.C.S.; Costa, D.A.; Cavalcante, J.M.S.; Matias, W.N.; Souza, M.F.V.; Braz Filho, R. Constituents Químicos  e  Atividade  Antioxidant  de  Sida
  13. galheirensis (Malvaceae). Quim. Nova 2006, 29, 1250–1256
  14. Molecules 2013, 18 2777 2. Thounaojam, M.C.; Jadeja, R.N.; Ansarullah; Patel, B.; Devkar, R.V.; Ramachandran, A.V.; Potential of Sida rhomboidea. Roxb Leaf Extract in Controlling Hypertriglyceridemia in Experimental Models. Pharmacognosy Res. 2009, 1, 208–212.
  15. Iswantini, D.; Darusman, L.K.; Hidayat, R. Indonesian Sidaguri (Sida Rhombifolia L.) as Antigout and Inhibition Kinetics of Flavonoids Crude Extract on the Activity of Xanthine Oxidase. J. Biol. Sci. 2009, 9, 504–508.
  16. Jadhava, A.N.; Pawara, R.S.; Avulaa, B.; Khan, I.A. Ecdysteroid Glycosides from Sida Rhombifolia L. Chem. Biodiverse. 2007, 4, 2225–2230. 5. Prakash, A.; Varma, R.K.; Ghosal, S. Chemical Constituents of the Malvaceae. Part III. Alkaloidal Constituents of Sida acuta, Sida humilis, Sida Rhombifolia and Sida spinosa. Planta Med. 1981, 43, 384–388.
  17. RAO SK, Mishra SH. ANTI-INFLAMMATORY AND HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITIES OF SIDA RHOMBlFOLlA LINN. Indian Journal of Pharmacology. 1997 Mar 1;29(2):110-6.
  18. Dhalwal K, Deshpande YS, Purohit AP. Evaluation of in vitro antioxidant activity of Sida rhombifolia (L.) ssp. retusa (L.). Journal of medicinal food. 2007 Dec 1;10(4):683-8.
  19. Woldeyes S, Adane L, Tariku Y, Muleta D, Begashaw T. Evaluation of antibacterial activities of compounds isolated from Sida rhombifolia Linn. Malvaceae). Nat Prod Chem Res. 2012;1(101):2.
  20. Kumar A, Mishra PG, Tomar SD, Pathak M, Pandey KR, Singh L. Phyto-therapeutic potential of aerial part of Sida rhombifolia for anti-inflammatory, Antinociceptive, and antioxidant activity. Int J Pharm Qual Assur. 2023;14(1):91-5.
  21. Ramesh AM, Pal K, Kodandaram A, Manjula BL, Ravishankar DK, Gowtham HG, Murali M, Rahdar A, Kyzas GZ. Antioxidant and photocatalytic properties of zinc oxide nanoparticles phyto-fabricated using the aqueous leaf extract of Sida acuta. Green Processing and Synthesis. 2022 Sep 2;11(1):857-67.
  22. OBODE OC, ADEBAYO AH, OMONHINMIN CA, YAKUBU OF. A systematic review of medicinal plants used in Nigeria for hypertension management. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Research (09752366). 2020 Oct 1;12(4).
  23. Rahman MA, Paul LC, Solaiman M, Rahman AA. Analgesic and cytotoxic activities of Sida rhombifolia Linn. Pharmacologyonline. 2011;2:707-14.
  24. Dhalwal K, Shinde VM, Singh B, Mahadik KR. Hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effect of Sida rhombifolia ssp. retusa in diabetic induced animals. International Journal of Phytomedicine. 2010 Apr 1;2(2).
  25. Sutradhar RK, Muhuri S, Islam D, Hossain E. Alkaloids and Terpenoids from the Aerial Part of Sida rhombifolia. Chemistry of Natural Compounds. 2021 Jul;57:724-6.

nn[/if 1104][if 1104 not_equal=””]n

    [foreach 1102]n t

  1. [if 1106 equals=””], [/if 1106][if 1106 not_equal=””],[/if 1106]
  2. n[/foreach]

n[/if 1104]

nn


nn[if 1114 equals=”Yes”]n

n[/if 1114]

n

n

[if 424 not_equal=””][else]Ahead of Print[/if 424] Subscription Review Article

n

n

n

n

n

International Journal of Pathogens

n

[if 344 not_equal=””]ISSN: [/if 344]

n

n

n

n

n

[if 2146 equals=”Yes”][/if 2146][if 2146 not_equal=”Yes”][/if 2146]n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n

n[if 1748 not_equal=””]

[else]

[/if 1748]n

n

n

Volume
[if 424 equals=”Regular Issue”]Issue[/if 424][if 424 equals=”Special Issue”]Special Issue[/if 424] [if 424 equals=”Conference”][/if 424]
Received April 4, 2024
Accepted May 1, 2024
Published May 20, 2024

n

n

n

n

n

n function myFunction2() {n var x = document.getElementById(“browsefigure”);n if (x.style.display === “block”) {n x.style.display = “none”;n }n else { x.style.display = “Block”; }n }n document.querySelector(“.prevBtn”).addEventListener(“click”, () => {n changeSlides(-1);n });n document.querySelector(“.nextBtn”).addEventListener(“click”, () => {n changeSlides(1);n });n var slideIndex = 1;n showSlides(slideIndex);n function changeSlides(n) {n showSlides((slideIndex += n));n }n function currentSlide(n) {n showSlides((slideIndex = n));n }n function showSlides(n) {n var i;n var slides = document.getElementsByClassName(“Slide”);n var dots = document.getElementsByClassName(“Navdot”);n if (n > slides.length) { slideIndex = 1; }n if (n (item.style.display = “none”));n Array.from(dots).forEach(n item => (item.className = item.className.replace(” selected”, “”))n );n slides[slideIndex – 1].style.display = “block”;n dots[slideIndex – 1].className += ” selected”;n }n”}]