A Quasi-experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Spirulina with Lemon Juice on Anemia among Under-five Children in Selected Schools at Madurai, Tamil Nadu

Open Access

Year : 2023 | Volume :8 | Issue : 2 | Page : 50-61
By

    R. Jothilakshmi

  1. Nalini Jeyavanth Santha

  1. Professor, Department of Child health Nursing, Sacred Heart Nursing College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India
  2. Principal and H.O.D, Child health Nursing, Sacred Heart Nursing College, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India

Abstract

Anemia among under-five children is an important concern for the health authorities in India. Untreated anemia in children can have a serious effect on their growth. Spirulina is blue-green algae. It contains protein, iron, vitamins, and minerals. It is aimed at a quasi-experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of spirulina with lemon juice on anemia among under-five children in selected schools at Madurai, Tamilnadu. Quasi-experimental pre-test post-test control group design was used. 150 children were participated. All children were aged between 2–4 years. Pre-test was done. The researcher administered spirulina (1 gm) with lemon juice (50 ml) to the experimental group. Post- test I and II were conducted for both groups. Following apparatus was used for data collection such as Shali’s haemoglobinometer. Observation checklist used to identify signs, and symptoms of anemia. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the findings. In the experimental group, the signs and symptoms of anemia mean post-test I score was lesser (2.4) than mean pre-test score (4.56). The obtained (F value-18.8, p-value 0.000***) and the mean post-test I haemoglobin value was higher (9.77) than mean pre-test score (8.99). The obtained (F value-715, p-value 0.000***) were very highly significant. Based on haemoglobin (student’s t-test = 7.194, p-0.000***) and observation checklist on signs, and symptoms of anemia (student’s t-test = -4.690, p-0.019*), it concluded that spirulina with lemon juice was effective in reducing signs and symptoms of anemia, and improved haemoglobin level among under-five children.

Keywords: Anemia, hemoglobin, lemon, spirulina, under-five children

[This article belongs to International Journal of Nursing Science Practice and Research(ijnspr)]

How to cite this article: R. Jothilakshmi, Nalini Jeyavanth Santha , A Quasi-experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Spirulina with Lemon Juice on Anemia among Under-five Children in Selected Schools at Madurai, Tamil Nadu ijnspr 2023; 8:50-61
How to cite this URL: R. Jothilakshmi, Nalini Jeyavanth Santha , A Quasi-experimental Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Spirulina with Lemon Juice on Anemia among Under-five Children in Selected Schools at Madurai, Tamil Nadu ijnspr 2023 {cited 2023 Jan 16};8:50-61. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijnspr/article=2023/view=91998

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. https://www.who.int/health-topics/anaemia#
2. Ashraf M. Sharoba. (Dec 2014) “Nutritional value of spirulina and its use in the preparation of some complementary baby food for formulas”. Journal of food and dairy sciences volume 20, issue 4, page No 330–350. DOI:10.21608/jfds.2014.53033 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/273259635_Nutritional_value_of_spirulina
3. Jennifer Adler. (2013, Feb 15). Spirulina: The super food. Publication: Bottom line personal https://bottomlineinc.com/life/superfoods/spirulina-the-superfood-youve-never-heard-of
4. Helen west RD (2019 Jan7) 6 evidence based health benefits of lemons https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/6-lemon-health-benefit
5. Fehmida Iyer Visnagarwala (2017 Aug 23). The benefits of spirulina for anemia and iron deficiency https://grow-organic-spirulina.com/
6. Abed, E., Ihab, A.N., Suliman, E., & Mahmoud, A. “Impact of Spirulina on Nutritional Status, Haematological Profile and anemia Status in Malnourished Children in the Gaza Strip: Randomized Clinical Trial”. Journal of maternal and pediatric nutrition. May 2016, Volume 2, Issue 2, Page no: 2–6 doi: 10.4172/2472–1182.1000110 https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309163414_
7. Ammatul Fathima & Sangita Srivastava “Efficacy of iron-rich biscuits on the haemoglobin status of the patients in Allahabad”. International journal of home science. Aus 2016, volume 2, issues 3, page no: 65- 67 ISSN: 2395–7476 www.homesciencejournal.com
8. Prashanth Thankachan P, Walczyk T, Muthayya S, Kurpad AV, Hurrell RF. Iron absorption in young Indian women: the interaction of iron status with the influence of tea and ascorbic acid. Am J Clin Nutr (2008) 87 (4) 881–6 DOI:10.1093ajcn/87.4 881
9. Dorothy Apondi Othoo, Sophie ochola, Elizabeth kuria and Judith kimiywe (2021 Nov) Impact of Spirulina corn soy blend on Iron deficient children aged 6–23 months in Ndhiwa Sub-County Kenya: a randomized controlled trial, BMC Nutrition https://bmcnutr.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40795-021–00472-w
10. Prakash V Kotecha. (2011, Jan). Nutritional anemia in young children with a focus on Asia and India. Indian journal of community medicine, 36(1): 8–16 doi: 10.4103/0970–0218.80786 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3104701/


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 8
Issue 2
Received August 8, 2021
Accepted August 16, 2021
Published January 16, 2023