Design and Optimization of Radial Turbines for Waste Heat Recovery Applications

Year : 2024 | Volume :01 | Issue : 02 | Page : 52-58
By

Shashank Gupta

  1. Student Department of Automation and Robotics, Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University Uttar Pradesh India

Abstract

Waste heat recovery (WHR) offers a compelling way to improve sustainability and energy efficiency in several different industrial sectors. In waste heat recovery (WHR) systems, radial turbines are essential because they capture waste heat and transform it into useful mechanical or electrical energy. A thorough summary of the design and optimization concepts guiding radial turbines for WHR applications is given in this review article. After outlining the basic concepts of thermodynamics and fluid dynamics that underpin radial turbine operation, the article explores the complexities of turbine design. It examines important factors that have an impact on turbine performance and efficiency, including material choice, structural integrity, and aerodynamic design. In addition, the review clarifies the different performance optimization approaches used in the design of radial turbines, from experimental validation procedures to computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations. Comprehensive discussions are also held regarding advanced optimization techniques, such as surrogate modeling and multi-objective optimization. The article illustrates the various uses of radial turbines in WHR in sectors like power generation, petrochemical, and automotive through several case studies and real-world examples. Critical analysis is performed on performance metrics, problems faced, and lessons learned from these applications to extract important information for upcoming research and development projects.

Keywords: Waste heat recovery, sustainability, fluid dynamics, turbines, computational fluid dynamics

[This article belongs to International Journal of Mechanical Dynamics and Systems Analysis(ijmdsa)]

How to cite this article: Shashank Gupta. Design and Optimization of Radial Turbines for Waste Heat Recovery Applications. International Journal of Mechanical Dynamics and Systems Analysis. 2024; 01(02):52-58.
How to cite this URL: Shashank Gupta. Design and Optimization of Radial Turbines for Waste Heat Recovery Applications. International Journal of Mechanical Dynamics and Systems Analysis. 2024; 01(02):52-58. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijmdsa/article=2024/view=145171




Browse Figures

References

  1. Dong, B., Xu, G., Li, T., Luo, X., & Quan, Y. (2017). Parametric analysis of organic Rankine cycle based on a radial turbine for low-grade waste heat recovery. Applied Thermal Engineering, 126, 470-479.
  2. Del Turco, P., Scotti Del Greco, A., Natali, D., Borys, R., & Biagi, R. (2010, October). Design and optimization of radial flow wheels for a waste heat recovery double supersonic stage turbo-expander. In Turbo Expo: Power for Land, Sea, and Air (Vol. 44014, pp. 1117-1126).
  3. Uusitalo, A., Turunen-Saaresti, T., Gronman, A., Honkatukia, J., & Backman, J. (2015). Combined thermodynamic and turbine design analysis of small capacity waste heat recovery orc. Proceedings of the ASME ORC.
  4. Carcasci, C., Ferraro, R., & Miliotti, E. (2014). Thermodynamic analysis of an organic Rankine cycle for waste heat recovery from gas turbines. Energy, 65, 91-100.
  5. Laux, C., Gotter, A., Eckert, F., & Neef, M. (2022). Experimental results of a low-pressure steam Rankine cycle with a novel water lubricated radial inflow turbine for the waste heat utilization of internal combustion engines. Energy Conversion and Management, 271, 116265.
  6. Palagi, L., Sciubba, E., & Tocci, L. (2019). A neural network approach to the combined multi-objective optimization of the thermodynamic cycle and the radial inflow turbine for Organic Rankine cycle applications. Applied energy, 237, 210-226.
  7. Bekiloğlu, H. E., Bedir, H., & Anlaş, G. (2019). Multi-objective optimization of ORC parameters and selection of working fluid using preliminary radial inflow turbine design. Energy conversion and management, 183, 833-847.
  8. Di Battista, D., Fatigati, F., Carapellucci, R., & Cipollone, R. J. E. C. (2021). An improvement to waste heat recovery in internal combustion engines via combined technologies. Energy Conversion and Management, 232, 113880.
  9. Zhang, L., Zhuge, W., Zhang, Y., & Peng, J. (2015). Numerical study of organic Rankine cycle radialinflow turbines for heavy‐duty diesel engine coolant heat recovery. ASME ORC, 84, 1-12.
  10. Uusitalo, A., Honkatukia, J., & Turunen-Saaresti, T. (2017). Evaluation of a small-scale waste heat recovery organic Rankine cycle. Applied energy, 192, 146-158.

Regular Issue Subscription Review Article
Volume 01
Issue 02
Received April 9, 2024
Accepted April 20, 2024
Published May 6, 2024