Effect of Indigenous Micros on Metal Corrosion in Different Water Environment

Open Access

Year : 2021 | Volume : | Issue : 2 | Page : 1-8
By

    Ukpaka C.P.

  1. Chie-Amadi G.O.

  2. Nwosi A.S.

  3. Chuku B.

  1. Professor, c Rivers State University Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  2. Lecturer, Rivers State University Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  3. Lecturer, Rivers State University Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria
  4. Assistant Lecturer, Rivers State University Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

Abstract

The research on the effect of indigenous micros on metal corrosion in different water environment in life sciences and other fields as well as their significance was investigated. Mild Steel is one of the construction materials used in the industries. It has a young modulus of 200GNm-2. This paper focuses on the experimental study for the effect of indigenous micros on metals in different water environment and also of the corrosion behavior and mechanism for mild steel in three different media namely:, rain water, Salt water, Fresh water. Indeed, this research illustrates the effect of micros in metal corrosion as media characterization contributes to the rapid increase in population. The research revealed that the rain water is more acidic followed by salt water and lastly the fresh water medium. Based on this observation the micros activities were high in the rain water medium revealing high degradation in the metal specimen sampled, followed by metal specimen in salt water medium and metal specimen in fresh water. This investigation was able to demonstrate the required measures needed in mild steel installation in these water environment. The rate effect by corrosion on metal is identified as a major component that influence degradation of systems service lifetime. The microorganisms were isolated, identified and characterized.

Keywords: Effect, indigenous micros, metal, corrosion, water, environment

[This article belongs to International Journal of Metallurgy and Alloys(ijma)]

How to cite this article: Ukpaka C.P., Chie-Amadi G.O., Nwosi A.S., Chuku B. Effect of Indigenous Micros on Metal Corrosion in Different Water Environment ijma 2021; 7:1-8
How to cite this URL: Ukpaka C.P., Chie-Amadi G.O., Nwosi A.S., Chuku B. Effect of Indigenous Micros on Metal Corrosion in Different Water Environment ijma 2021 {cited 2021 Dec 09};7:1-8. Available from: https://journals.stmjournals.com/ijma/article=2021/view=91228

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures

References

1. Telegdi. J (2012). Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion (Chapter 6), in: K Demadis (Ed.), Water Treatment Processes, Nova Science Publisher, l45–167.
2. Machuca L.L, Wen H & Lee J.S (2014). Microbiologically Influenced Corrosion: “A Review Focused on Hydro test Fluids in Sub-Sea Pipelines” (Corrosion & Prevention), I (12), 384–393.
3. Tuck, C.D, S & ‘Nutall J. (2016). Corrosion of Copper and its Alloys. https: // doi.org I I 0. I 0 I 6/8 9 7 8 -0 – I 2 -80 3 5 I 1 -8. 0 I 6 3 4 -9, 28 (2), 23 | -233.
4. I-opes F.A, Freeman, R.A & Ibert, M.L (2017). Influence of Substratum Surface on Bacteria Adhesion. Corrosion and its Controls. 46,127–133.
5. Von, W.K & Vander Klught (2013). Roles of Micro Organisms in Corrosion Induction & Prevention.: British Biotechnologtiournal, l4 (3), 1–11.
6. Ivan Kushkeych (20 1 9). Isolation and Purification of Sulfate Reducing Bacteria. 3, (25–26).
7. Fink, F.W (2010). Corrosion of Metals in Sea Water U.S Department of the Interior Office of Saline Water Progress Report, 46 (2), 14–20.
8. Al-Mhyawi, S. R. (2014). “Inhibition of Mild Steel Corrosion using Juniperus plants as green Inhibitior”. 23 (3), 30–56.
9. Sahrani, F. K (2016)”. Open Circuit Potential Study of Stainless Steel in Environment containing Marine Sulphate-Reducing Bacteria. Sains Malayasiana. 37, 359–364.
10. Fresezu, M (2011). Effect of Ph and Hardness on the Scale Formation of Mild Steel in Bicarbonate ion Containing Water. Coruosion and its Controls, l(2), 9–7
11. Uhlig, H.H (2012). A Review: Corrosion Handbook for the Effect of Oxygen on Micro Organism. New York, John Wiley & Sons.
12. Hui Rong & Rui Xu (2020). Formation Growth and Corrosion Effect of Sulfur Oxidizing Bacteria Biofilm on Mortar: Journal of Construction and Buitding Materials, 268, 50–52.
13. Muyer z.G. 8. Stams A.J (2008). The Ecology and Biotechnology of Sulphate-Reducing Bacteria, Nature Review Microbiology 6, 441–454.
14. Hamitom w.A (2003). Microbiologically Influenced corrosion as a Model System for the Study of Metals Microbe Interactions: A unifiing Electron Transfer Hypothesis Biofouling 19 (1), 65–76.
15. Melchers R.E (2014). Effects of Water Pollution on the Immersion Corrosion of Mild and low alloy Steel Corrosion Science 49, 349 –3067 .
16. Dubiel M, HSU CH, Chien cc, Mansfield F, & Newman DK, (2002). Microbial iron Respiration can protect Steel from Corrosion. Appl. Environ Microbial. 25, 283–240′
17. Dara (2007). Corrosion and Corrosion Inhibitors, a renewed way to slow corrosion rate ‘
18. E. A. Noor, A. H. Al-Moubaraki, (2008) “Corrosion Behaviour of Mild Steel in Hydrochloric Acid”, International Journal on Electrochemistry and science 3, 1–9.
19. Enning D, venzlaff H, Garrelfs J, Dinh HT, Meyer V & Mayrhofer K. (2013) ‘Marirte Sulfate- Reducing Bacteria cause serious Corrosion of Iron under Electro conductive Biogenic Mineral crust. Applied and Environ Microbiology 80, (4) 1226–1236’.
20. Zuo R, Orn6k D, Syrett, B. C, Green R.M. HSU, CH, Mansfeld F.B &Wood T.K (2004)’ Inhibiting Mild Steel Corrosion from Sulfate Reducing Bacteria using Anti-Microbial producing Biofilm in three-Mile-lsland Process Water. Appl Microbio Biotechnol. 64 (2), 215–83.
21. Zuo R. (2007) Biofilms: strategies for Metal corrosion Inhibition employing Microorganisms. ApplMicrobiol Biotechnol.T6(6), 1245–53.
22. Zuo, R. & Wood, T.K. (2004). Inhibiting Mild Steel Corrosion from Sulfate-Reducing and Iron- Oxidizing Bacteria using Gramicidin-S-Producing biofilms. ApplMicrobiol Biotechnology, 65 (6), 747-53.
23. Hamzah, E.M.Z, Hussain Ibrahim, Z & Abdolahi (32013). Influence of Pseudomonas Aeroginosa Bacteria on Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steel, The International Journal of Corrosion Processes and Corrosion Control, 48 (2). 12534–1254.
24. J. Kadakova & P. Pristas (2018). Bio-Corrosion Microbial Action. 40, 123–125.
25. Copson, H.R. (2012). “A Review on the study for the Effect Microbial Corrosion”. 20,29–30.
26. Skorhus (2011). The Dual roles of Micro Organisms in Corrosion. 133–140.
27. Emerson, D, Fleming E.J, & McBeth J.M (2010). Iron Oxidizing Bacteria: an Environmental and Gemomic Perspective. Annu Rev. Microbiolo 64, 561–583.


Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 7
Issue 2
Received June 11, 2021
Accepted July 1, 2021
Published December 9, 2021