Geriatric Health Care In India: A Review

Open Access

Year : 2022 | Volume : | Issue : 1 | Page : 15-22

    Reena N

  1. Nelson Jewas

  1. PhD Scholar, Department of Nursing, Mansarovar Global University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India
  2. Research Guide, Department of Nursing, Mansarovar Global University, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh, India


With declines in fertility and increases in longevity, the population is aging and this trend is expected to continue throughout the next several decades. As a result of the number and diversity elders, there will be significant medical and social challenges which much be addressed in order to provide optimal care for the geriatric population. Medical challenges include increasing numbers of patients living with one or more chronic conditions. Socially, assessing health literacy and adjusting plans of care accordingly, optimizing living arrangements, and working to reduce poverty will be critical to improving the health and quality of life of elders.

Keywords: Longevity, Geriatric population, Hypotension; Comorbidities, Coronary syndrome

[This article belongs to International Journal of Geriatric Nursing(ijgn)]

How to cite this article: Reena N, Nelson Jewas Geriatric Health Care In India: A Review ijgn 2022; 5:15-22
How to cite this URL: Reena N, Nelson Jewas Geriatric Health Care In India: A Review ijgn 2022 {cited 2022 May 26};5:15-22. Available from:

Full Text PDF Download

Browse Figures


1. Khan S, Itrat M. Current Issues in Geriatric Health Care in India-A Review. J Comm Med Health Care 2016; 1 (1): 1003–1006.
2. General R. Census Commissioner, India. Census of India. 2011; 2000.
3. Paul NS, Asirvatham M. Geriatric health policy in India: The need for scaling-up implementation. J Fam Med Prim Care 2016; 5: 242–7.
4. World Health Organization. World report on ageing and health. World Health Organization; 2015 (2): 22 141–3
5. Lena A, Ashok K, Padma M et al. Health and social problems of the elderly: A cross-sectional study in Udupi Taluk, Karnataka. Ind J Comm Med 2009; 34 (2): 131–4.
6. Kalyani R, Golden S, Cefalu W. Diabetes and Aging: Unique Considerations and Goals of Care. Diabetes Care 2017; 40 (4): 440–3.
7. Biswas B, Ganguly S, Dabkara D, Ghosh J, Srivastava P, Mehta P, Patel A, Bhethanabhotla S, Batra A, Pramanik R, Gupta VG. How we treat lung cancer during SARS-Cov-2 (COVID-19) pandemic in India?. Indian Journal of Medical and Paediatric Oncology. 2020 41 (02): 149–52.
8. Dhargave P, Sendhilkumar R. Prevalence of risk factors for falls among elderly people living in long-term care homes. J Clin Gerontol Geriatrics 2016; 7 (3): 99–103.
9. Vieira E, Palmer R, Chaves P. Prevention of falls in older people living in the community. BMJ 2016; i: 1419.
10. Miner B, Kryger M. Sleep in the Aging Population. Sleep Medicine Clinics 2017; 12 (1): 31–8.
11. Burnes D, Pillemer K, Caccamise P et al. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Elder Abuse and Neglect in the Community: A Population-Based Study. J Am Geriatrics Soc 2015; 63 (9): 1906–12.
12. Velayutham B, Kangusamy B, Joshua V et al. The prevalence of disability in elderly in India – Analysis of 2011 census data. Disability and Health J 2016; 9 (4): 584–92.
13. Shraddha K, Prashantha B, Prakash B. Study on morbidity pattern among elderly in urban population of Mysore, Karnataka, India. Int J Med Bio Res 2012; 1 (3): 215–23.
14. Das SK, Biswas A, Roy J et al. Prevalence of major neurological disorders among geriatric population in the metropolitan city of Kolkata. JAPI 2008; 56: 175–81.
15. Mozaffarian D, Benjamin EJ, Go AS et al. On behalf of the American Heart Association Statistics Committee and Stroke Statistics Subcommittee. Heart disease and stroke statistics–2016 update: a report from the American Heart Association. Circulation 2016; 133 (4): e38-e360.
16. Nilsson P. Blood pressure strategies and goals in elderly patients with hypertension. Experimental Gerontol 2017; 87: 151–2.
17. Sumantri S, Setiati S, Dewiasty E. relationship between metformin and frailty syndrome in elderly people with type 2 diabetes. Acta Medica Indonesia 2014; 46 (3): 183–8.
18. Aryana I, Kuswardhani R. Sarcopenia in Elderly. Int J Geriatrics Gerontol 2018; 2018 (01): 1–4.
19. Roque MV, Bouras EP. Epidemiology and management of chronic constipation in elderly patients. Clin Interventions Aging 2015; 10: 919–30.
20. Adhikari P. Geriatric health care in India-Unmet needs and the way forward. Arch Med Health Sci 2017; 5: 112–4
21. Nath A, Ingle G. Geriatric health in India: Concerns and solutions. Ind J Comm Med 2008; 33 (4): 214–9.
22. Mallath M, Taylor D, Badwe R et al. The growing burden of cancer in India: epidemiology and social context. The Lancet Oncology 2014; 15 (6): e205–12.
23. Hsu C, Best J, Davis J et al. Aerobic exercise promotes executive functions and impacts functional neural activity among older adults with vascular cognitive impairment. Br J Sports Med 2017; 52 (3): 184–91.
24. Shaw C, Wagg A. Urinary incontinence in older adults. Medicine 2017; 45 (1): 23–7.
25. Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Guideline – American Urological Association [Internet]. 2019. Available from: -(bph)-guideline#x8216.
26. Srinivasan S, Rudd K, Laiwala R et al. Managing Sleep in Older Adults with Neurocognitive Disorder: Non-Pharmacologic Approaches Across the Care Continuum. Am J Geriatric Psych 2018; 26 (3): S36.
27. Fried LP, Tangen CM, Walston J et al. Cardiovascular Health Study Collaborative Research Group. Frailty in older adults: evidence for a phenotype. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2001; 56 (3): M146–56.
28. Ofori-Asenso R, Chin K, Mazidi M et al. Global Incidence of Frailty and Prefrailty Among Community-Dwelling Older Adults. JAMA Network Open 2019; 2 (8): e198398.

Regular Issue Open Access Article
Volume 5
Issue 1
Received May 21, 2022
Accepted May 24, 2022
Published May 26, 2022